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O H HH O 2 2 H O Molecular Compounds Chapter 8.1 and 9.3.

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Presentation on theme: "O H HH O 2 2 H O Molecular Compounds Chapter 8.1 and 9.3."— Presentation transcript:

1 O H HH O 2 2 H O Molecular Compounds Chapter 8.1 and 9.3

2 Basic understanding of covalent compounds and their properties Understand basics of a molecular formula How to name covalent compounds Learning Objectives

3 Compounds made from nonmetals are called molecular or covalent compounds Occurs when two or more elements share electrons to achieve stable octets Held together by covalent bonds (we will talk about this next lecture) Molecular Compounds

4 Properties of molecular compounds: –Low melting and boiling points –Exist as gases or liquids at RT –Made of nonmetals –Neutral compounds can gain a unit charge to become polyatomic ions

5 Molecular compounds are written as molecular formulas Examples: CO 2 – means 1 atom of C and 2 atoms of O H 2 O – means 2 atoms of H and 1 atom of O Molecular Formula HH O

6 Naming Molecular Compounds First element is named using standard name Second element prefixes are used to denote the number of atoms present named with an –ide ending –But dont use mono on the first element Mono 1 Di 2 Tri 3 Tetra 4 Penta 5 Hexa 6 Hepta 7 Octa 8 Nona 9 Deca 10

7 Homework Read Chapters 8.1,8.2, and Page Page Page


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