Presentation on theme: "1 Chapter 11 Chemical Reactions. 2 Section 11.1 Describing Chemical Reactions Objective 1: You will learn to identify when a chemical reaction takes place."— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 11 Chemical Reactions
2 Section 11.1 Describing Chemical Reactions Objective 1: You will learn to identify when a chemical reaction takes place. Objective 2: You will know what the Law of Conservation of Mass means. Objective 3: You will be able to write both word and formula equations. Objective 4: You will know what all the different symbols used in writing chemical equations mean.
3 How Do You Know A Rxn Has Occurred??? Heat and/or light is produced light and heat rxn light and heat rxn Production of gas Formation of a precipitate Color change precipitate and color changeprecipitate and color change
4 Law of Conservation of Mass Atoms are neither created or destroyed Antoine Lavoisier ( )
5 Communicating a chemical reaction In a sentence every item is a word … Copper reacts with chlorine to form copper (II) chloride. In a word equation some symbols used … copper + chlorine copper (II) chloride In a formula all symbols used … Cu(s) + Cl 2 (g) CuCl 2 (s)
6 All chemical reactions… l have two parts: 1.Reactants = the substances you start with 2.Products = the substances you end up with l The reactants will turn into the products. Reactants Products
7 Symbols in equations? – Text page 323 l the arrow separates the reactants from the products (arrow points to products) –Read as: reacts to form or yields l The plus sign means and l (s) after the formula = solid: Fe (s) l (g) after the formula = gas: CO 2(g) l (l) after the formula = liquid: H 2 O (l)
8 Symbols used in equations l (aq) after the formula = dissolved in water, an aqueous solution: NaCl (aq) is a salt water solution used after a product indicates a gas has been produced: H 2 used after a product indicates a solid has been produced: PbI 2
9 Symbols used in equations double arrow indicates a reversible reaction (more later) shows that heat is supplied to the reaction is used to indicate a catalyst is supplied (in this case, platinum is the catalyst)
10 What is a catalyst? l A substance that speeds up a reaction, without being changed or used up by the reaction. l Enzymes are biological or protein catalysts in your body.
11 Write a skeleton equation for: 1. Solid iron (III) sulfide reacts with gaseous hydrogen chloride to form iron (III) chloride and hydrogen sulfide gas. 2. Nitric acid dissolved in water reacts with solid sodium carbonate to form liquid water and carbon dioxide gas and sodium nitrate dissolved in water.
12 Now, read these equations: Fe (s) + O 2(g) Fe 2 O 3(s) Cu (s) + AgNO 3(aq) Ag (s) + Cu(NO 3 ) 2(aq) NO 2(g) N 2(g) + O 2(g)
13 Homework 11.1 and 11.2 Due Friday, Dec. 2 Page , 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45a, 46, 47a, 48a, 49a, 50, 51a, 52 a-e * Lab questions % composition due Friday as well*