Presentation on theme: "Electron Configuration. Three rules are used to build the electron configuration: Aufbau principle Pauli Exclusion Principle Hunds Rule."— Presentation transcript:
Three rules are used to build the electron configuration: Aufbau principle Pauli Exclusion Principle Hunds Rule
Aufbau Principle Electrons occupy orbitals of lower energy first.
-Pauli Exclusion Principle (Wolfgang Pauli, Austria, ) -Electron Spin Quantum Number An orbital can hold only two electrons and they must have opposite spin. Electron Spin Quantum Number (m s ): +1/2, -1/2
Hunds Rule In a set of orbitals, the electrons will fill the orbitals in a way that would give the maximum number of parallel spins (maximum number of unpaired electrons). Analogy: Students could fill each seat of a school bus, one person at a time, before doubling up.
Aufbau Diagram for Hydrogen
Aufbau Diagram for Helium
Aufbau Diagram for Lithium
Aufbau Diagram for Beryllium
Aufbau Diagram for Boron
Aufbau Diagram for Carbon
Aufbau Diagram for Nitrogen
Aufbau Diagram for Fluorine
Standard Notation of Fluorine Main Energy Level Numbers 1, 2, 2 Sublevels Number of electrons in the sub level 2,2,5 1s 2 2s 2 2p 5
Shorthand Notation Use the last noble gas that is located in the periodic table right before the element. Write the symbol of the noble gas in brackets. Write the remaining configuration after the brackets. Ex: Fluorine: [He] 2s 2 2p 5
Electron configuration Orbital Filling Order (Diagonal Rule)
Blocks in the Periodic Table
Electron Configuration Group Activity -Inquiry activity … meaning little help from Mr. D … I may guide you a bit -Something to do with building a model electron configurations??? -Groups of 4 Faciliatator – Keeps group on task, makes sure that everyone is doing their job and helps out where needed, gets element card from Mr. D. Check with Mr. D. when you feel your group needs guidance. Materials Manager- Gets materials from white box, you can only use these materials! If you want to use other materials, check with Mr. D. Engineer – You will actually build the model that group suggests … you are the hands-on person. Reporter – You will explain model to Mr. D. and answer any questions that he has. Other group members will be asked questions as well and need to be prepared.