Presentation on theme: "1)Use your white board to draw the Lewis structure for ozone, O 3. 2)What does the word hybridization mean? Use your own words. While you are doing warm."— Presentation transcript:
1)Use your white board to draw the Lewis structure for ozone, O 3. 2)What does the word hybridization mean? Use your own words. While you are doing warm up I will come around and check HW #24. (except 4 th period)
A resonance structure is a structure that occurs when it is possible to draw two or more valid electron dot structures. In the case of ozone, neither structure actually exists, but rather the actual bonding is an average of the two structures.
Definition of hybridization ….
-Learn what a sigma bond looks like -Learn what a pi bond looks like -Understand the concept of orbital hybridization and how it changes the bonding in an atom such as carbon
When two atomic orbitals combine to form a bond along the axis between two atoms … we call it a sigma bond ( )
When two p orbitals combine side by side we say they overlap to form a pi ( ) bond Pi bonds exist when we have double and triple bonds
Single bond – 1 sigma bond Double bond – 1 sigma and 1 pi bond Triple bond – 1 sigma and 2 pi bonds
The electron structure of a carbon atom can be written as: Based on this model, we would predict that carbon atoms should form two covalent bonds??!!
Instead carbon atoms almost always form 4 bonds. Why???? Hybridization
hybridization 1 s + 3 p = 4 sp 3 (All 4 orbitals are now equal at the 2nd energy level) Regular Carbon Aufbau Diagram Hybridized Carbon Aufbau Diagram
Electrons must be distributed among the new orbitals. Since these hybrid orbitals are equal in energy, the electrons must distributed according to Hunds Rule.
4 sp 3 orbitals
4 sp 3 orbitals bond with 4 hydrogen atoms - methane sp 3 carbon Overlap here is known as sigma bond
Lets predict what sp 2 hybridization around a carbon might look like? Take out your white boards
sp 2 hybridization
sp 2 hybridization carbon double bond - ethene
Can you predict sp geometry around a carbon?
sp hybridization carbon triple bond - acetylene