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Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY.

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Presentation on theme: "Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

2 HW: Due Friday Read Chapter 12, Sec. 2 on Modernizing Japan. Add to the Cornell Notes we take today, especially the Information about the Japanese invasion of China, Russia and Korea.

3 Please set up your notes like this: Key words, ASQ and BSQ Also: Put Green Questions Here Summary, notes, pictures, diagrams, etc… Also: Put the Answers to the Green Questions Here Japan Industrializes Summary:

4 Japan Changes Direction During the Meiji Era: Commodore Matthew Perry

5 Isolationist Japan- For 200 years, Japan had closed its borders to all outsiders. Japanese leaders feared the effect Europeans were having on nearby Java, Malaysia and China so they Closed Japan Japan stopped all trade Japan closed all foreign embassies Japanese soldiers killed any foreign sailors who washed up on Japanese soil Japan sank any ships that came near

6 Japan Learns a Lesson! I n 1862, just before the start of the Meiji period, Tokugawa sent officials and scholars to China to study the situation there. A Japanese recorded in his diary from Shanghai… The Chinese have become servants to the foreigners. Sovereignty may belong to China but in fact it's no more than a colony of Great Britain and France. Why did Japan close her borders?

7 1853 – Commodore Matthew Perry Opens Up Japan to Western Trade! Commodore Matthew Perry

8 Perry s Black Ships Perry s Black Ships Why were the Japanese so terrified by Perrys ships?

9 What Did the U. S. Want with Japan?? Coaling stations to refuel their steam ships on the trade route to China. More trading partners to buy their factory goods. Exotic products like silk and tea. A safe place for ship-wrecked sailors.

10 After the Opium War of , Japan was convinced that it had to Open Up to the West or risk the utter defeat China had experienced at the hands of the English. China s Unequal Treaties China s Unequal Treaties

11 The Treaty of Kanagawa Impressed and intimidated by American weapons and technology, the Japanese government (the Shoguns) agree to a treaty. Their bows, arrows and swords will do little good against Commodore Perrys cannons and guns Why did the Japanese sign the treaty with the Americans?

12 Please do not talk at this timeJan 9 Get out a half sheet (you can share with a friend) and your homework. Use them to answer these questions: 1.With which nation did Japan sign the Treaty of Kanagawa, opening ports for trade? A. KoreaC. Germany B. BritainD. USA 2.What period in history did the Meiji Era in Japan cover? A C B D Russia and Japan went to war over what issues? A. Trade with ChinaC. Japans colonization of Taiwan B. Japans annexation of KoreaD. Russias presence in Manchuria 4.Which of the following was a result of the Sino-Japanese War? A. China was forced out of Korea B. China and Japan signed a Hands Off agreement over Korea C. Russia was forced out of Manchuria and Korea D. Korea was divided between Chinese and Japanese control

13 Answers 1.With which nation did Japan sign the Treaty of Kanagawa, opening ports for trade? A. KoreaC. Germany B. BritainD. USA 2.What period in history did the Meiji Era in Japan cover? A C B D Russia and Japan went to war over what issues? A. Russias presence in Manchuria C. Japans colonization of Taiwan B. Japans annexation of KoreaD. Trade with China 4.Which of the following was a result of the Sino-Japanese War? A. Russia was forced out of Manchuria and Korea B. China and Japan signed a Hands Off agreement over Korea C. China was forced out of Korea D. Korea was divided between Chinese and Japanese control HW: Finish Japan Industrializes Reading on line as necessary.

14 Not Everyone Agrees with this Decision … The highly idealistic warriors known as the samurai felt that the arrival of Westerners was an attack on the traditional values of Japan. The highly idealistic warriors known as the samurai felt that the arrival of Westerners was an attack on the traditional values of Japan. They believed that: They believed that: Japan was sacred ground. Japan was sacred ground. The emperor, now a figurehead in Kyoto, was a God. The emperor, now a figurehead in Kyoto, was a God. They were furious at the Shogun for signing treaties with the West without the Emperors consent. They were furious at the Shogun for signing treaties with the West without the Emperors consent. Their slogan Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarians! Their slogan Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarians!

15 The Meiji Revolt Emperor Is Restored to Power The Meiji Revolt Emperor Is Restored to Power MEIJI Enlightened Rule A powerful group of samurai overthrow the Shogun. They put the young Emperor Meiji on the throne and Help him rule until he is old enough and powerful enough to rule on his ownThey put the young Emperor Meiji on the throne and Help him rule until he is old enough and powerful enough to rule on his own Emperor Meiji decided to fight fire with fireEmperor Meiji decided to fight fire with fire He offers to trade access and goods for knowledge and technologyHe offers to trade access and goods for knowledge and technology He begins to modernize and industrialize JapanHe begins to modernize and industrialize Japan

16 Newspaper Cartoon, 1870s? Enlightened Half-Enlightened Un-Enlightened

17 Modernization by Selective Borrowing Modernization by Selective Borrowing Popular board game. Popular board game. Start by leaving Japan & studying in various Western capitals. Start by leaving Japan & studying in various Western capitals. End by returning to Japan and becoming a prominent government official. End by returning to Japan and becoming a prominent government official. This was the path of many Japanese students This was the path of many Japanese students Explain Meijis strategy (plan) to make Japan equal to the USA and Europe?

18 European Goods Europe and America began to be very popular to many Japanese. Europe and America began to be very popular to many Japanese. New slogan: Japanese Spirit; Western Technology! New slogan: Japanese Spirit; Western Technology!

19 The Japanese Became Obsessed with Western Styles Civilization and Enlightenment!

20 Everything Western Was Fashionable!

21 Japanese soldiers with their wives.

22 The Rulers Set the Tone with Western Dress Emperor Meiji Empress Haruko ( )

23 Changing Women s Fashions 1900 Styles The First Miss Japan (1908)

24 Meiji Reforms Abolition of the feudal system Land Redistribution Human Rights & Religious Freedom Build a Modern Navy (British) Westernize the School System (Fr. & Ger.) Modernize the Army (Prussian) Emperor Worship Intensified Written Constitution (Germans) Modern Banking System

25 Please set up pg. 53A in your notebook like this. Title it Industrializing Japan. EnglandJapan Geography Technology Natural Resources Education Transportation Labor Force As you read about the industrialization of Japan, fill out the Japan side of the chart. Then use what you know, your notes and book to fill out the England side.


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