Presentation on theme: "Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Japanbecomes animperialist powerMs. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
2 HW: Due FridayRead Chapter 12, Sec. 2 on Modernizing Japan. Add to the Cornell Notes we take today, especially the Information about the Japanese invasion of China, Russia and Korea.
3 Please set up your notes like this: Japan IndustrializesKey words, ASQ and BSQAlso:Put Green Questions HereSummary, notes, pictures, diagrams, etc…Also:Put the Answers to the Green Questions HereSummary:
4 Japan Changes Direction During the Meiji Era: 1868 - 1912 Commodore Matthew Perry
5 Isolationist Japan- For 200 years, Japan had closed its borders to all outsiders. Japanese leaders feared the effect Europeans were having on nearby Java, Malaysia and China so they Closed JapanJapan stopped all tradeJapan closed all foreign embassiesJapanese soldiers killed any foreign sailors who washed up on Japanese soilJapan sank any ships that came near
6 Japan Learns a Lesson!In 1862, just before the start of the Meiji period, Tokugawa sent officials and scholars to China to study the situation there. A Japanese recorded in his diary from Shanghai…The Chinese have become servants to the foreigners. Sovereignty may belong to China but in fact it's no more than a colony of Great Britain and France.Why did Japan close her borders?
7 1853 – Commodore Matthew Perry “Opens Up” Japan to Western Trade!
8 Why were the Japanese so terrified by Perry’s ships? Perry’s “Black Ships”
9 What Did the U. S. Want with Japan?? Coaling stations to refuel their steam ships on the trade route to China.More trading partners to buy their factory goods.Exotic products like silk and tea.A safe place for ship-wrecked sailors.
10 China’s “Unequal Treaties” After the Opium War of , Japan was convinced that it had to Open Up to the West or risk the utter defeat China had experienced at the hands of the English.
11 The Treaty of Kanagawa - 1854 Impressed and intimidated by American weapons and technology, the Japanese government (the Shoguns) agree to a treaty.Their bows, arrows and swords will do little good against Commodore Perry’s cannons and gunsWhy did the Japanese sign the treaty with the Americans?
12 Please do not talk at this time Jan 9 Get out a half sheet (you can share with a friend) and your homework. Use them to answer these questions:1. With which nation did Japan sign the Treaty of Kanagawa, opening ports for trade?A. Korea C. GermanyB. Britain D. USAWhat period in history did the Meiji Era in Japan cover?A CB DRussia and Japan went to war over what issues?A. Trade with China C. Japan’s colonization of TaiwanB. Japan’s annexation of Korea D. Russia’s presence in ManchuriaWhich of the following was a result of the Sino-Japanese War?A. China was forced out of KoreaB. China and Japan signed a Hands Off agreement over KoreaC. Russia was forced out of Manchuria and KoreaD. Korea was divided between Chinese and Japanese control
13 HW: Finish Japan Industrializes Reading on line as necessary. Answers1. With which nation did Japan sign the Treaty of Kanagawa, opening ports for trade?A. Korea C. GermanyB. Britain D. USAWhat period in history did the Meiji Era in Japan cover?A CB DRussia and Japan went to war over what issues?A. Russia’s presence in Manchuria C. Japan’s colonization of TaiwanB. Japan’s annexation of Korea D. Trade with ChinaWhich of the following was a result of the Sino-Japanese War?A. Russia was forced out of Manchuria and KoreaB. China and Japan signed a Hands Off agreement over KoreaC. China was forced out of KoreaD. Korea was divided between Chinese and Japanese controlHW: Finish Japan Industrializes Reading on line as necessary.
14 Not Everyone Agrees with this Decision… The highly idealistic warriors known as the samurai felt that the arrival of Westerners was an attack on the traditional values of Japan.They believed that:Japan was sacred ground.The emperor, now a figurehead in Kyoto, was a God.They were furious at the Shogun for signing treaties with the West without the Emperor’s consent.Their slogan Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarians!
15 Emperor Is “Restored” to Power MEIJI “Enlightened Rule” The Meiji Revolt- 1868Emperor Is “Restored” to PowerA powerful group of samurai overthrow the Shogun.They put the young Emperor Meiji on the throne and “Help” him rule until he is old enough and powerful enough to rule on his ownEmperor Meiji decided to fight fire with fireHe offers to trade access and goods for knowledge and technologyHe begins to modernize and industrialize JapanMEIJI “Enlightened Rule”
17 Modernization by “Selective Borrowing” Popular board game.Start by leaving Japan & studying in various Western capitals.End by returning to Japan and becoming a prominent government official.This was the path of many Japanese studentsExplain Meiji’s strategy (plan) to make Japan equal to the USA and Europe?
18 European GoodsEurope and America began to be very popular to many Japanese.New slogan: Japanese Spirit; Western Technology!
19 The Japanese Became Obsessed with Western Styles Civilization and Enlightenment!
21 Everything Western Was Fashionable! Japanese soldiers with their wives.
22 The Rulers Set the Tone with Western Dress Emperor Meiji Empress Haruko ( )
23 Changing Women’s Fashions The First “Miss Japan” (1908) 1900 Styles
24 Meiji Reforms Land Redistribution Westernize the School System (Fr. & Ger.)Abolition of the feudal systemModern Banking SystemModernize the Army (Prussian)Meiji ReformsWritten Constitution (Germans)Build a Modern Navy (British)Human Rights & Religious FreedomEmperor Worship Intensified
25 Please set up pg. 53A in your notebook like this Please set up pg. 53A in your notebook like this. Title it Industrializing Japan.As you read about the industrialization of Japan, fill out the Japan side of the chart. Then use what you know, your notes and book to fill out the England side.EnglandJapanGeographyTechnologyNatural ResourcesEducationTransportationLabor Force
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