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The Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles.

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Presentation on theme: "The Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles

3 Mar 18/19 Please do not talk at this time Homework: Handout on Consequences of WWI due Monday Test Tuesday! Library Day Friday! WWI: After the War to End All Wars Key words Notes Vocab Definitions Green Questions Answers Summary: Please set up page 70A in your notebook in Cornell Note Form.

4 1918 Flu Pandemic: Depletes All Armies 50,000,000 – 100,000,000 died

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6 11 a.m., November 11, 1918 The Great War is Over...

7 But the problems are just beginning... 9,000,000 Dead But the problems are just beginning... 9,000,000 Dead

8 The Somme American Cemetery, France 116,516 Americans Died

9 World War I Casualties Even those men who lived were horribly scarred, crippled or emotionally destroyed. Name 6 problems a country that loses 9 million people in 3 years will face?

10 Serious Economic Problems Battles ruined crop land. Poisons left soil unfit to farm. Battles ruined crop land. Poisons left soil unfit to farm. Civilians died from starvation and disease Civilians died from starvation and disease Food Prices soared. Food Prices soared. Other Costs of the war reached $338 billion. Other Costs of the war reached $338 billion.

11 Percentage (%) increase in the cost of food from

12 Fight Club Imagine a fight between your group of friends and a group of your enemies. It gets totally out of hand. People die on both sides. Your best friend is killed in front of you. Your side wins, but it could have easily gone the other way. Imagine a fight between your group of friends and a group of your enemies. It gets totally out of hand. People die on both sides. Your best friend is killed in front of you. Your side wins, but it could have easily gone the other way. The enemy, including the guy who killed your friend, is completely in your power. You can do anything to them and the police are staying out of it as long as no one else dies or is physically injured. The enemy, including the guy who killed your friend, is completely in your power. You can do anything to them and the police are staying out of it as long as no one else dies or is physically injured. Your enemies are not rich, but they have some money and things like good cars and jewelry, bank accounts and vacation homes, etc. Your enemies are not rich, but they have some money and things like good cars and jewelry, bank accounts and vacation homes, etc. What do you do? What do you do?

13 Key Vocabulary Still on Pg. 70A A Treaty is a written agreement between countries in which they agree to do or not do particular things A Treaty is a written agreement between countries in which they agree to do or not do particular things A League is a group of countries that have joined together for a particular purpose. A League is a group of countries that have joined together for a particular purpose. Reparations are amounts of money paid by one country to another for damages caused during the war. Reparations are amounts of money paid by one country to another for damages caused during the war. Vengeance is harming a person or country because they have harmed you. Vengeance is harming a person or country because they have harmed you. Collective Security means that an attack on one country would be considered an attack on all countries. Therefore, an attacking country would be opposed by Every Other County, making attack too dangerous an option to consider. Collective Security means that an attack on one country would be considered an attack on all countries. Therefore, an attacking country would be opposed by Every Other County, making attack too dangerous an option to consider. Disarmament is reducing the number of weapons and soldiers that a country has. Disarmament is reducing the number of weapons and soldiers that a country has.

14 Make Peace! In your group- Consider your country. You need to make the best possible deal for your country at these negotiations. In your group- Consider your country. You need to make the best possible deal for your country at these negotiations. Now discuss the Peace Treaty Handout and fill it out as you think is best for your country and the world. Now discuss the Peace Treaty Handout and fill it out as you think is best for your country and the world.

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16 Who Really Wrote the Peace? Prime Minister Lloyd George of England Prime Minister Vittorio Orlando of Italy President Georges Clemenceau of France President Woodrow Wilson of the USA The Big Four

17 What Kind of a Peace Was It? A Peace of Justice A Peace of Justice Leaders of the Allies and the Central Powers met together at the Palace of Versailles Leaders of the Allies and the Central Powers met together at the Palace of Versailles President Wilsons 14 Points supported self determination and called for a Peace Without Victory. President Wilsons 14 Points supported self determination and called for a Peace Without Victory. Peace of Vengeance Peace of Vengeance Italy and Britain wanted more territory Italy and Britain wanted more territory France wanted to punish Germany. France wanted to punish Germany.

18 In the End… loses all her colonies. loses all her colonies. loses the Saar Valley where all her best mines are for 15 years. loses the Saar Valley where all her best mines are for 15 years. loses the Alsace and Lorraine regions to France. loses the Alsace and Lorraine regions to France. citizens lose their property abroad. citizens lose their property abroad. must disband all its armed forces. No army, navy or air force and no merchant marine. must disband all its armed forces. No army, navy or air force and no merchant marine. is charged $32 billion in war reparations which they must pay to the Allies. is charged $32 billion in war reparations which they must pay to the Allies. is blamed for the WHOLE war. They sign a Guilt Clause that claims they were responsible for all the deaths and losses and pain and suffering of the war. is blamed for the WHOLE war. They sign a Guilt Clause that claims they were responsible for all the deaths and losses and pain and suffering of the war. Germany…

19 Other WWI Treaties Peace Treaty of Brest-Litovsk - (March 3, 1918) Conditions of an Armistice with Germany (signed November 11, 1918) The Peace Treaty of Versailles- The Allies (except the US) and Germany (signed June 28, 1919) Treaty of Neuilly- The Allies and Bulgaria (November 27, 1919) Treaty of Trianon- The Allies and Hungary (signed June 4, 1920) US Peace Treaties with Austria, Hungary and Germany (August, 1921) Treaty of Lausanne- The Allies (except the US) and Turkey (July 24, 1923)

20 And more Treaties… League of Nations Protocol- Established the League of Nations (1920) Washington Conference Establishing a Commission of Jurists to Consider Laws of War (February 4, 1922) Washington Treaty in Relation to the Use of Submarines and Noxious Gases in Warfare (February 6, 1922) San Remo Convention- Gives control of Palestine to Britain (24 July, 1922) Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of Poisonous Gases and Bacteriological Methods of Warfare (June 17, 1925) Treaty Providing for the Renunciation of War as an Instrument of National Policy - Signed by nearly every country in the war. (Kellogg-Briand Pact) (August 27, 1928)

21 Back on pg. 70 Have you ever been blamed for something you didnt do? What happened? How did you feel?

22 Please do not talk at this timeMarch 23 Dates to Note: Dates to Note: Test on WWI and the Treaty of Versailles Tues. Test on WWI and the Treaty of Versailles Tues. In Text Citation Lesson Wed/Thursday (bring research logs and rough drafts to use in class) In Text Citation Lesson Wed/Thursday (bring research logs and rough drafts to use in class) Rough draft with in text citations due Friday Rough draft with in text citations due Friday Notebooks due after Armenian Genocide and Russian Revolution lessons. Notebooks due after Armenian Genocide and Russian Revolution lessons.

23 Review Notebook Pages to be collected These can be found on the web page in a document called Notebook Guide WS

24 Test review Bingo! Sign your own name on the middle square. Sign your own name on the middle square. Find someone who can answer one of the questions on your paper and get them to sign their name on that square. Find someone who can answer one of the questions on your paper and get them to sign their name on that square. Try to get 5 in a row! Or a Postage Stamp (inside squares) or a Picture Frame (outside Squares) Try to get 5 in a row! Or a Postage Stamp (inside squares) or a Picture Frame (outside Squares) Bring me your card when you have 5 in a row! Bring me your card when you have 5 in a row!

25 Please take a moment to review for your test. Please take a moment to review for your test. When you are finished with your test, please take a reading on the Armenian Genocide…. When you are finished with your test, please take a reading on the Armenian Genocide…. Please do not talk at this timeMarch 23


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