2 Please do not talk at this time May 8 HW: Stalin’s Vision Assignment due Monday!Look over your notes from the block on the Vision and reality of Stalin’s Russia. Does everything on there make sense? Did you get all the information you need for your assignment?Work with your partners to get what you need and make additions to your paper.
6 Understanding Totalitarianism and Fascism Totalitarianism, Communism and Fascism are ALL forms of Dictatorship. But they have other things in common too.Using the chart on your handout, compare Communism, Fascism and Democracy.Use the two Pie Charts on pgs 441 and 477 and the chart on pg. 30 to help you.
7 Add to what you have…. Totalitarianism Fascism Communism Democracy Basic PrinciplesPolice Terror, Indoctrination, Propaganda, Censorship and Religious or Ethnic PersecutionGovernment run by representatives elected by the people; separation of powers into 3 branches of governmentPoliticalAutocratic and very nationalistic. The leader is usually chosen for his charisma.Although there may be elections, there is only one political party. Focus is on spreading the revolution internationally, so not nationalistic.Equal rights and individual freedoms, with multiple political parties. The leader is elected and often has a limited number of years she or he can serve.Add to what you have….
8 TotalitarianismFascismCommunismDemocracySocialSupported by middle class, industrialists, and military. Has rich, middle class and lower class people.Supported by workers and peasants. The idea is that all people are equal, but the reality is that people who join the Communist Party are more powerful.Supported by middle class, workers and industrialists. Has rich, middle class and lower class people.CulturalDoesn’t allow people to be different or question the system. Individual rights don’t matter as much as the collective good.Freedom of speech and press; trial by jury of your peers. Values the rights of the individual over the collective good.
9 TotalitarianismFascismCommunismDemocracyEconomicPrivate property controlled by state corporations or stateProperty shared equally by all people; centralized state planningPrivate property owned by individualsExamplesItaly, Spain, Germany, and Argentina in 1930s.USSR (Russia), China, Cuba and North KoreaUS, Great Britain, Canada, Israel
10 Comparing Totalitarian Governments Please do not talk at this time May 11Comparing Totalitarian GovernmentsUse the chart on the handout and Chapter 14, Sec. 2 and Chapter 15, Sec. 3 to compare totalitarian governments in Russia, Germany and Italy.
11 Building Blocks of a Healthy Democracy Please do not talk at this time May 12Building Blocks of a Healthy DemocracyPlease find a partner and get a yellow sheetLook at the aspects of a healthy Democracy. Which of these is the most vital? Which are less important?Organize them into the pyramid.
12 Now, reread the section on Germany’s Weimar Republic, on pg Now, reread the section on Germany’s Weimar Republic, on pg. 470 – 471 (start at Postwar Europe)How many of the things you need for a successful democracy are present in 1930’s Germany?How does this relate to Hitler’s rise to power in Germany in 1933?What is the Cause and Effect chain that leads to a Germany with Hitler in power?
13 JapanDetermined to avoid ever losing to Western powers again, Japan modernized its entire country, industry to military in 50 years.Many Japanese died in this process as the economy was rebuilt from one of hand made goods and crafts to a fully industrialized factory system.Once Japan’s army was the equal of any in Europe or the US, they assisted the Allies in WWI and invaded Russia and China, sometimes inventing reasons to attack.Manchuria, for example, was taken by the Japanese army without the knowledge or approval of the Japanese government. Eventually the Japanese military dominated the government altogether.Piece by piece, Japan seized islands and other territory in Asia and created their own Japanese Imperialism.They were known as cruel and brutal masters, often raping and torturing those who came into their power. This was especially true of the Rape of Nanking, a city in China where citizens were tortured and murdered. To this day, although extensive evidence exists, Japan refuses to acknowledge the Rape of Nanking ever happened.
15 The Rape Of NankingBetween December 1937 and March 1938 at least 369,366 Chinese civilians and prisoners of war were slaughtered by the invading troops. An estimated 80,000 women and girls were raped; many of them were then mutilated or murdered.To this day the Japanese government has refused to apologize for these and other World War II atrocities, and a significant sector of Japanese society denies that they took place at all.
17 The Rape of Nanking- These image were recorded by the Japanese soldiers themselves and the Nazi officials attached to the Japanese army. At one point the Nazi General in charge of the Europeans begged the Japanese to stop, because he felt they had gone to far.All images from:
34 Around the World 1930Today we will be practicing writing great prompts. This will become important for the final.To make a great prompt, choose a directive word from Column One and a vocab word from Column Two and use them to write a Prompt about history. Directive words get more challenging as you go down the list.
35 Writing Great Prompts In groups of 3: Find a placard on what was happening in a region of the world we have not yet studied during the 1920’s and 1930’sRead the placard together (check to see if there are two sides)Then on your own piece of binder paper to turn in (you may have the same answers as your partners, write a prompt following the model that could be answered with info on the Placard.There are 6 placards in all.