Presentation on theme: "Drug Money: Notebook Pg. 61A"— Presentation transcript:
1Drug Money: Notebook Pg. 61A Please do not talk at this time Feb 3-4HW: Notebooks Due Tues 2/10. Test 2/10Menelik II and Mongkut Comparison Chart Due Thurs.Drug Money: Notebook Pg. 61APlease write the question and your answer:Why do you think that many drugs are illegal in the US ? Why do you think that you need a doctor’s prescription for many drugs?Imagine that the Columbian Government began to smuggle tons of Cocaine into the US and sold it really cheap. Would this cause problems for people? Would the US government be unhappy about it? Why?
2European Imperialism in China War and DisgraceBy Sophia CaramagnoMVHS- Mountain View, CA
3Please take these notes on the Handout and attach them to your chart before turning it in.
4The Canton system of Trade: Canton as the gateway to Chinese trade Europeans were desperate to trade with China, but bad relations had caused the Chinese to pass laws saying the Europeans could only trade with one city, Canton.The Chinese would sell goods to Europe, but would only accept silver and gold in exchange. They found European goods to be inferior to their own. Europe, especially England, was losing money fast!
6Qianlong meets George McCartney: A clash of Two worlds These two men came from such different worlds and cultures that understanding between them was impossible. Both were Horribly insulted by the actions of the other. Neither understood why the other was getting upset.Both considered their country to be the BEST country in the world, and their culture the BEST culture in the world. Both men wanted the other to acknowledge their country’s superiority first.George McCartneyTrade Ambassador for Great BritainEmperor QianlongRuler of China
7When Diplomacy Failed… McCartney was thrown out of the Chinese court in disgrace for grave insults to the Emperor (he refused to bow to him, because he felt as a representative of the King of England, he was the equal of the Chinese Emperor.)English turn to drug dealing instead to make their money illegally, since they can’t trade legally.Their Drug of choice: Opium
8Selling Opium to the Chinese… Motivation: the British thirst for tea and tradeDestabilization: Payment in silver as China wanted nothing the British producedProblem: Imbalance in tradeSolution: Illegal importation of Opium into China
9Why would Europeans and Americans turn to selling drugs in China that were illegal in their own countries? How would they have Justified their actions?
10Soon…Vast sections of the Chinese coastal population are addicted to Opium.Addicts will do anything to get their next fix (opium isn’t just addictive, once on the drug, death will result if you quit)From government officials to peasant workers, China is overwhelmed by a drug plague.
11Commissioner Lin and the Successful Suppression of Opium Commissioner Lin is put in charge of solving the problem by the Chinese Government. He is given great power and authority and uses it to outlaw all opium. The Chinese could no longer:Transport opiumSell opiumHave opiumUse opiumOn Pain Of Death!He even wrote a letter to Queen Victoria, asking her to be reasonable.Commissioner LinBurning Opium in the fields
12The Opium War: “The most disreputable War Britain ever fought” -Gladstone Lin seizes all the Opium in China and has it thrown into the sea or destroyed.The British lose millions of dollars in drugs overnight.The British know they have better ships and better technology than the Chinese.They attack the Chinese and start the Opium War.
13China loses the war: outgunned and with backward technology British ships are fast, well armed and armored.Chinese ships are slow and poorly armed.
14The Treaty of Nanjing: 1842: First Unequal Treaty The British won the First Opium War.China ceded Island of Hong Kong in perpetuityThey open 5 ports to trade: Guangzhou (Canton), Xiamen (Amoy), Foochow (Fuzhou), Ningpo (Ningbo), Shanghai.China paid 21 Million dollars reparationsThey grant Extraterritoriality- British Law for British citizens in ChinaAnd the Most Favored Nation Clause- First trade rights guaranteed to the British.Later, in 1844, France and the USA gain similar rights in China.
15The Opium was a dishonorable war The Opium was a dishonorable war. Americans and Europeans were no better than armed drug dealers. And yet, they get everything they want. Anticipate: How China will respond to the greedy violence of the Europeans and Americans?
16Second Opium War: Causes Desire for free tradeDesire to travel in interiorDesire for missionary activityDesire for legalization of opiumDesire for diplomatic relationsThe Chinese lose Again. This time Britain has even better technology, better trained soldiers and a country not torn apart by internal fighting.
17Treaties of Tianjin and Aigun Europeans given the right to establish embassies (thus small pieces of their own countries) in BeijingOpium legalized10 cities opened for trade and residenceForeign ships navigate freely on Yangtze riverForeigners right to travel, trade, and preach Christianity in China6 million dollar indemnity (a kind of fine for losing)In later treaties, Russia and the USA got similar privileges.
18Destruction of the Summer Palace British soldiers sack the summer palace.Foreigners earn little love in China with their behavior and sporadic fighting and resistance on the part of the Chinese continues.
19Convention of Beijing: second unequal treaty 1860 Confirm Tianjin TreatyCede Kowloon to BritainOpen Tianjin as treaty portChinese laborers allowed to emigrate overseas (meaning they can go to California as virtual slave labor to build our trans-continental railroad for pennies.)Based on this cartoon, how do you think China will react to this new unfair treaty?
20Rebellions: Taiping, Nian, Muslim: 1850-1878 Internal fighting between Chinese factions who blame each other for China’s problemsEnormous political instability within ChinaTransfer of power from center to provincesWeakening of Central governmentWestern Imperialism continues unstoppedChinese youth begin to desire great and lasting changeSense of doom grows among young people who see no hope for Chinese independence
22Emperess Cixi and the Maintenance of Power Took over government for her 6 year old sonRestored some political stabilityDid business by granting and calling in favors, so corruption is a problemRelied on personal friendshipsEncouraged secret societies like the Boxers to stand up to the Foreigners
23Boxer Rebellion: Expel the Foreigners! The British and other foreigners settle in enclaves (protected neighborhoods) in the big trade cities like Peking. Within the boundaries of these embassies, foreigners live under their own laws, follow their own customs and totally ignore Chinese ways.When the Boxers strike, they hit the British in their homes.
24The Boxer RebellionWith the support of Cixi, members of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists, attacked the European settlements in China.These people were known to the Europeans as Boxers because they practiced a boxing style martial art which they claimed made them impervious (protected from) to bullets.Most Boxers were peasants or urban thugs, but they succeeded in attacking the British, French, Japanese and Americans in China, burning their homes and killing men, women and children whenever they could.They also killed Christian Chinese.They hoped to make China too uncomfortable for foreigners to stay there.
25The Europeans, Japanese and Americans send a rescue force as soon as they hear what is going on. This international force seizes Chinese ports and marches on Peking where a siege is taking place.Furious, Cixi orders all foreigners in China killed. The Boxers do their best. The German Minister is assassinated.The international army, 19,000 strong, took Peking, crushed the Boxer Rebellion and forced the Empress into hiding.
26Why did the Boxer Rebellion fail? Explain using details.
27After the War: The Peace of Peking Chinese lose the fight. The International Force dictates the peace. China is humiliated by terms of the peace agreement.China’s coastal forts are dismantled.The government is forced to pay heavy fines.All treaties are renegotiated in favor of the foreigners.The Result:Chinese turn to intense Nationalism to save their country.Anti foreign feeling grows (China has not forgotten her humiliation even today)Chi’ing Dynasty collapsesSun Yat Sen and his Revolutionaries come to power and end 2000 years of Imperial rule in China.
28Sun Yat-sen and the Revolution of 1912 Sun’s Three Principles of the People: San Min Zhu YiNationalism: Min Zu- Let China not be at the mercy of ForeignersDemocracy: Min Quan- Let the people rule by the voteSocialism (people’s welfare): Min Sheng- Let the wealth of China be distributed more equally and kept for the Chinese people
29Sun’s Ideas Point to the Future Sun Yat Sen develops a plan to teach the Chinese how to be a Democracy.This is the first instance of a Cultivated Democracy in Asia.Sun Yat Sen loses power before he can implement his plan.Still, his ideas shape the leaders that come after him and affect the rise of the Communist Party in China in the 30’s.
30APPARTS- Letter to Queen Victoria Pg. 59A Use APPARTS to analyze this letter to Queen Victoria about the Opium Trade in China.Significance Question: What does Lin’s Letter reveal about China’s attitudes toward foreigners and Western influence?
31Comparison Chart- Menelik II and Monkut Pg. 62A As you read, fill in the chart comparing the two men. Then on the back answer: What qualities made these men successful in keeping their lands safe from Europeans?Please set up your paper like this:MongkutMenelik IIBoth
32Please do not talk at this time Feb 5 HW: Test on Imperialism 2/10, Notebook due 2/10, Projects due 2/9Please Review your Venn Diagram on Menelik and Monkut, then add your info to the Venn Diagram on the boardMongkutMenelik IIBoth
33What qualities made these men successful in keeping their lands safe from Europeans?
34Imperialism Project Work Day Get a packet on Imperialism somewhere in the world.Use the info in the packet and your book to complete your assignment.All packet information is online as well in the folder marked, Imperialism Project.
35Imperialism Project Work Day Please do not talk at this time Feb 6HW: Test on Imperialism 2/10, Notebook due 2/10, Projects due 2/9Imperialism Project Work DayGet a packet on Imperialism somewhere in the world.Use the info in the packet and your book to complete your assignment.All packet information is online as well in the folder marked, Imperialism Project.
36Imperialism Project Day! Please do not talk at this time Feb 9HW: Test on Imperialism 2/10, Notebook due 2/10,Imperialism Project Day!Make sure your name and your partner’s name are on your work. Next to your name, write what you did on the project.Please turn in your project (to the turn in box for the Editorials) on the wall for the Collages.Get a Imperialism test Study Guide Bingo Game Card. How many of these questions can you answer?
37Test Review Bingo Sign your own name on the free space. Get other people who can answer the review questions to sign the box of the question they can answer (Signers: you will be called on to give the answer, so be ready)Make sure you can read the name so you can call on them later.Sign other people’s cards.You may only have each person sign their name once.Try to get BINGO (5 in a row)Totally stuck? Books and notes are allowed for this activity.