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20 May 2008IVOA Trieste: Grid & Web Services/AstroRG1 Do we have our heads in the cloud? Matthew J. Graham (Caltech, NVO) T HE US N ATIONAL V IRTUAL O.

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Presentation on theme: "20 May 2008IVOA Trieste: Grid & Web Services/AstroRG1 Do we have our heads in the cloud? Matthew J. Graham (Caltech, NVO) T HE US N ATIONAL V IRTUAL O."— Presentation transcript:

1 20 May 2008IVOA Trieste: Grid & Web Services/AstroRG1 Do we have our heads in the cloud? Matthew J. Graham (Caltech, NVO) T HE US N ATIONAL V IRTUAL O BSERVATORY

2 The Cloud is… An elephant in a room of blind men: –SaaS –Utility computing –Web services –Platform as a service –Managed service provider –Service commerce platform –Internet integration All those things that the Grid promised but turned out not to be: –fast –scalable –resilient –available A virtualised notion of distributed computation, storage and communication over unlimited resources 20 May 2008IVOA Trieste: Grid & Web Services/AstroRG2

3 Virtualisation Virtual workspaces: –An abstraction of an execution environment that can be made dynamically available to authorized clients by using well-defined protocols –resource quota (e.g. CPU, memory share) –software configuration (e.g. O/S, provided services) Implement on Virtual Machines (VMs): –abstraction of a physical host machine –hypervisor intercepts and emulates instructions from VMs and allows management of VMs –VMWare, Xen, etc. Provide infrastructure API –Plug-ins to hardware/support structures 20 May 2008IVOA Trieste: Grid & Web Services/AstroRG3

4 Different types of cloud Amazon: –computing in the cloud –EC2 (with S3, SQS and SimpleDB) –Use Xen VMs –Images, Instances and Security Google: –Apps: Python module/API (with BigTable) –Working also with IBM (Blue Cloud) Microsoft: –Windows Live –Silverlight Yahoo: –Pipes –Working with Computational Research Laboratories (CRL) Sun –Project Hydrazine (JavaFX) Zoho Adobe (AIR) Commercial providers: –SalesForce –FlexiScale from XCalibre/Virtual Iron: cooler than EC2 Problem becomes availability of the right type of environment (hypervisor) 20 May 2008IVOA Trieste: Grid & Web Services/AstroRG4

5 20 May 2008IVOA Trieste: Grid & Web Services/AstroRG5 Globus Workspace Abstracts hyperviser using WSRF Back-end implementation using Xen VMs on a variety of science clouds Metadata instance Deployment request Workspace Factory Service Workspace Service Workspace Resource Instance Deployment RP Inspect & manage Notify Create()Authorize & instantiate Contains GLOBUS

6 Clouds live in the Sky A lightweight abstraction layer a la VOSpace Resource oriented Data and services both treated as first-class entities Uses UWS interface for resource management 20 May 2008IVOA Trieste: Grid & Web Services/AstroRG6

7 Identifiers and representations Use XRIs to identify all resources including computational results: ) Different representations (in RDF) returned dependent on resource aspect: 20 May 2008IVOA Trieste: Grid & Web Services/AstroRG7 AspectMeaningRepresentation objectData objectVOSpace imageService imageVOResource instanceService instanceUWS metadata

8 Use case I have a data analysis service: ivo://nvo.caltech/MyService Upload bytes of a VM image: Create service instance: HTTP POST to Returns Commit instance to execution: HTTP POST to Define computation: Link to results: Retrieve bytes: 20 May 2008IVOA Trieste: Grid & Web Services/AstroRG8

9 Is this just blue sky thinking? Theres probably a future business in offering an abstraction layer between cloud computing services The missing element is cloud abstraction Proof-of-concept system based on VOSpace, UWS and a resource-oriented middleware layer in front of EC2 (and Google Apps) 20 May 2008IVOA Trieste: Grid & Web Services/AstroRG9


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