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TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 20071 IVOA Data Access Layer Table Access Protocol Doug Tody (NRAO/NVO ) I NTERNATIONAL V IRTUAL O BSERVATORY A LLIANCE US National.

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Presentation on theme: "TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 20071 IVOA Data Access Layer Table Access Protocol Doug Tody (NRAO/NVO ) I NTERNATIONAL V IRTUAL O BSERVATORY A LLIANCE US National."— Presentation transcript:

1 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 20071 IVOA Data Access Layer Table Access Protocol Doug Tody (NRAO/NVO ) I NTERNATIONAL V IRTUAL O BSERVATORY A LLIANCE US National Virtual Observatory

2 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 20072 TAP Key Issues Brief TAP History Some TAP Use-Cases Key Requirements/Issues

3 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 20073 TAP Perspective History –TAP discussions began in one year ago in Moscow –VOQL-TEG discussions established overall architecture Main Documents –"Recommendations for a Table Access Protocol" (Sept06) Plante, Budavari, Greene, Good, McGlynn, M.NS, Szalay, Williams –"Homogeneous Access to Tabular Data" (March-May 2007) Stebe, Andrews, Rixon, Ortiz –"Table Access Protocol Design Analysis" (Sept07) Tody, Dowler, (mainly based upon NVO, DAL discussions)

4 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 20074 TAP Perspective Evolution of TAP Concept –Two IVOA Notes describe largely similar interfaces –ADQL and "simple" queries –Metadata query capabilities –GET/POST interface, optional data staging, async, etc. –VOTable, CSV/TSV, XML, etc. as output Spring-Fall Evolution –More consistent with other DAL interfaces –Unified access to both table data and metadata Simplied interface as a result (two main operations vs 8 or so) Revised metadata query mechanism more easily extended –Added support for multi-region queries, VOSpace, schemas, etc. Look back to Moscow (Plante –Very similar in concept to what we have now, except for REGION

5 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 20075 Primary TAP Use-Cases ADQL-Based Table Query –Large queries (requires async, vospace, authentication) –Multi-table operations (join etc.) –Multi-region queries including user table upload –Advanced ADQL/SQL capabilities (region, cross-match, functions) Notes –Required to support cross-match portal, advanced apps –Full functionality ultimately required (everything above) –Simple synchronous GET version still useful though

6 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 20076 Primary TAP Use-Cases Simple Table/Catalog Query –Filter-type operation upon a single table –Most basic astronomical catalog access is of this type –ADQL, async useful but not required for most simple queries –Not necessarily limited to small queries; can stream output Notes –Probably sufficient for most small data providers –Cone search is no longer an option, too limited

7 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 20077 Primary TAP Use-Cases Table Metadata Query –Metadata describing stored data is also data Can be virtual/computed OTF, subsetted, transformed, etc. Queries against both data/metadata required at the service level Service metadata - capabilities etc - is a separate issue –Typical use case: Client application queries TAP service for available data Tables, table columns, relationships, etc. Notes –Basic metadata model should be simple –Extensibility required for advanced query support

8 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 20078 Primary TAP Use-Cases Data Access Query –This is "ADQL integration into DAL" –ADQL query against a DAL data model (complex data etc.) Notes –Less critical than others, but important in the longer term –Main requirement is consistency with other DAL interfaces

9 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 20079 Key Requirements/Issues ADQL and Grid capabilities –Motivation Required for portals, large computations, advanced applications Needs everything: ADQL, multi-region, async, vospace, SSO, etc. –Issues or Options Not controversial: everyone agrees we need this Not required however for basic usage (most usage) Complex; will take time to prototype, specify, standardize Unrealistic to expect community implementation w/o frameworks

10 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200710 Key Requirements/Issues Simple Query capability –Motivation Provide a simple, basic table access capability (90/10 rule) Probably needed anyway for simple table metadata queries Adequate for most simple filter-type queries of single table Supplants cone search; much more powerful but still simple Provide robust implementation while we develop advanced stuff –Notes Provides minimal-TAP option for small data providers Avoid splitting community; first step toward full TAP service Sufficient for publishing a few typical catalogs

11 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200711 Key Requirements/Issues TAP Information Schema –Motivation Provide uniform access to both table data and metadata Same query/access interface re-used for both Supports virtual data, dynamic queries, format options, etc Easily extended without changing interface Don't do one thing now, another later Strategy: adopt registry tableset model for initial schema –Alternatives Dataless VOTable headers Return static registry-compliant XML

12 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200712 Key Requirements/Issues Proposed Core TAP Schema (Common with registry) –TAP_SCHEMA.tables name[[catalog.]schema.]table typebase table, view, output, etc. descriptiontable description –TAP_SCHEMA.columns namecolumn name tableNametable name descriptioncolumn description unitunit in VO standard format ucdUCD if any utypeUTYPE if any dataTypedataType as in VOTable/registry arrayShapearray "shape"/size as in VOTable/registry stdstandard column (else custom addition)

13 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200713 Key Requirements/Issues Possible Examples of TAP Schema Usage –List Tables request=SimpleQuery&FROM=TAP_SCHEMA.tables –List Table Columns request=SimpleQuery&FROM=TAP_SCHEMA.columns&WHERE=tableName,foo –Registry Compliant XML TableSet request=SimpleQuery&FROM=TAP_SCHEMA.tableset&FORMAT=xml

14 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200714 Key Requirements/Issues Consistency of DAL Interfaces –Motivations Family of services: generic dataset, catalog, image, spectrum, etc. –Consistency promotes ease of use, code reuse Multi-operation GET/POST, error returns, versioning, –parameter syntax and semantics, output formats, UTYPE, etc. Related issue is consistency with UWS, VOSI, VOSpace, SSO, etc. –Suggested Guideline TAP should conform to DAL interface concept, form and semantics except where there is good justification to do otherwise.

15 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200715

16 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200716 TAP Design Study History –Based upon work done by ESAC/VOQL-TEG and DAL WG in spring 2007 –Also NVO tiger team, SkyNode experience, data center experience TAP Design Goals –Provide capability for ADQL queries to support advanced analysis –Define minimal implementation for small data provider, common queries replace legacy cone search with more general facility –Both data access and metadata access supported natively by service –Provide for scalability, in particular multi-position queries –Support Grid capabilities, i.e, async, staging, authentication –TAP should be consistent with other DAL interfaces where possible –Provide registry integration for automated service discovery

17 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200717 TAP Interface Summary Form of interface –HTTP GET/POST based (other protocols possible, e.g. SOAP, CEA) –Multiple output formats (VOTable, CSV/TSV, XML, VOSpace, etc.) Operations –AdqlQueryADQL-based queries, full functionality –SimpleQuerySimple data queries, metadata queries –GetCapabilitiesReturn metadata describing the service –GetAvailabilityMonitor runtime service function and health

18 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200718 AdqlQuery Operation Scope and Form of Interface –General capability for ADQL-based queries –Both GET and POST versions are required GET is synchronous, indempotent, simple, RESTful POST required for async, staging, large queries –Semantics, e.g., parameters, identical for both versions –ADQL query is URL-encoded so use in GET is not a problem Parameters –QUERYThe query string (ADQL; URL-encoded) –FORMATOutput data format (VOTable, CSV, XML, etc.) – Only used in POST version; for VOSpace – Only used in POST version; for driving UWS –MAXRECMaximum records in the output table –RUNIDPass-through; used for logging (others TBD)

19 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200719 AdqlQuery Operation Field Names, UTYPE and UCD –Suggest this be done at level of field rather than by operation –Literal field names directly access database table –A UTYPE reference resolves into a literal table field name e.g., ssa:Target.Name resolves to table field TargetName –UTYPE (in this context) is a special case of UTYPE ("ucd:") Field name resolution –Both literal and UTYPE/UCD field names resolve to table field –All queries evaluated equivalently after field name resolution –Data models, at the level of TAP, involve only mappings –UFI can automate this, or it can be done client side

20 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200720 AdqlQuery Operation Multi-Position Queries –AKA multi-cone search; but doesn't have to be limited to position –Common use-case involves user source list with thousands of positions –Required for scalability to reduce operation overhead How It Works –Uses ADQL, REGION, POST form of operation –VOTable used to upload source table (ID, POS, SIZE, etc.) other fields are passed through to output output is tagged by source ID can be generalized to any input parameter, not just position –POST (e.g., multipart/form-data) used to upload params, VOTable –Parameters are common to both GET and POST forms Data Scoping –Query, Local (DBMS), and VOSpace (Net) tables are equivalent –POST is a Query space table

21 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200721 SimpleQuery Operation Scope and Form of Interface –Provides capability for simple non-ADQL queries –Used for both data queries and metadata queries (like ADQL/SQL) –Only a synchronous GET version is required –Only a single table is queried at a time Motivation –Simple to implement, easy to use –>90% of actual catalog queries are simple filters of a single table –We need something like this anyway for simple metadata queries but why limit it to only metadata? –Small data providers publish a few simple catalogs –Simpler to implement, likely to be more robust implementation

22 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200722 SimpleQuery Operation Parameters –SELECTTable fields to be returned (default all) –FROMThe table (or view) to be accessed –WHEREA filter to be applied to the table (default none) –POS,SIZEFind data only in this spatial region –FORMATOutput data format –MAXRECMaximum records out –RUNIDPass-through for logging (etc) Provides –Simplified SQL-lite query (90/10 rule) –Both data and metadata queries –Simple cone search capability

23 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200723 SimpleQuery Operation Metadata Queries –Information Schema concept great concept; definition/implementation imperfect but it is a standard, widely (but not completely) implemented –Concept represent database/table metadata as data tables (views) allows use of standard data table interface to query metadata easily extensible without changing service interface views can be used for things such as registry view –Examples FROM=SCHEMA.tables FROM=SCHEMA.columns&WHERE=tableName,foo FROM=SCHEMA.columns&WHERE=tableName,foo&FORMAT=xml

24 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200724 Simple Cone Search Approach –Integrate into SimpleQuery to allow additional constraints would probably be too ambitious in a separate SCS standard –Re-use common DAL position syntax (POS, SIZE) extensible in terms of region type and spatial frame –UTYPE/UCD field syntax allows data models to be used –Table to be queried is specified with FROM –ADQL,REGION provides an advanced alternative with common semantics Examples –REQUEST=SimpleQuery&FROM=foo&POS=180.0,12.5&SIZE=0.2 –REQUEST=SimpleQuery&FROM=foo&POS=180.0,12.5&SIZE=0.2&WHERE=flux,5/

25 TAP Meeting, JHU Nov 19-20 200725 Minimal TAP Service Requirements –Implements SimpleQuery operation possibly getCapabilities and getAvailability as well? –Provides basic data query capability –Provides basic metadata query capability (tables, columns) –No ADQL support required (but may use SQL back end) –No UTYPE support required

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