Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Lessons from Kathmandu Valley Earthquake Risk Management Project NSET-Nepal www.nset.org.np AUDMP Working Group Meeting, Bandung Shiva Bahadur Pradhanang.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Lessons from Kathmandu Valley Earthquake Risk Management Project NSET-Nepal www.nset.org.np AUDMP Working Group Meeting, Bandung Shiva Bahadur Pradhanang."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lessons from Kathmandu Valley Earthquake Risk Management Project NSET-Nepal AUDMP Working Group Meeting, Bandung Shiva Bahadur Pradhanang Ramesh Guragain 19 March 2002

2 NSET-Nepal KVERMP/Project Performance Performance Indicators Base line Life of Project Target Project Achievement Comment on Progress Project Objective: Establishment of Sustainable Mechanisms for Earthquake Disaster Risk Reduction in Kathmandu Valley Number of Institutions None10 Institutions 11 Institutions§Municipalities have shown Interests §Changes in thinking of different institutions Number of Earthquake Disaster Risk Reduction Plans None1 Plan3 Plan§KVERMP Action Plan has been prepared §DP and ER Plan for Health Sector §KV Plan prepared by JICA Amount of Funding Committed to Earthquake Risk Reduction Projects following the start of this Project $0$500,000$281, (This figure includes only the in- kind contribution to KVERMP from non- AUDMP sources § OFDA § WHO/SEARO §GHI §UNCRD §JICA

3 NSET-Nepal Methodology for Different Activities ItemsBase Line (Prior to Project) Project AchievementRemarks Methodology for hazard assessment Earthquake Hazard Map Existed for Nepal 1.Simplified interpretative EQ hazard map prepared for KV based on 1934 EQ 2. Simplified interpretative liquefaction susceptibility map for KV §Use of Existing information §No new research Methodology for loss estimates None used for KV Bihar-Nepal earthquake taken as scenario earthquake 2.ATC-13/15 used for KV scenario earthquake (for MMI IX) and loss estimation made for critical facilities and casualty. § Electricity damage map § Telecommunication § Water supply § Road/Bridges 3.Casualty estimated for empirical consideration 4.Hospital hazard map created §Found to very simple in the case of the lack of in- built data, building inventory §Replicated under RADIUS in 9 cities

4 NSET-Nepal Methodology for Different Activities ItemsBase Line (Prior to Project) Project AchievementRemarks Methodology for writing earthquake scenario None 1.Loss estimation results translated into simple language understood by common man in the form of text (Target audience: common people, teacher, student, decision maker, municipal authority, policy maker) §Found to be very strong tool for awareness raising Methodology for developing action plan for earthquake risk management None used for KV 1.Interaction process for involving manager of critical facilities in developing doable action §Replicated under RADIUS in 9 cities

5 NSET-Nepal Methodology for Different Activities ItemsBase Line (Prior to Project) Project AchievementRemarks School Building Vulnerability Assessment None 1.Vulnerability of 1100 buildings of 643 public schools assessed through workshops and subsequent survey by school teachers § Survey questionnaire designed § Analysis § Vulnerability assessment of groups of school buildings Structural intervention for improving seismic performance of school buildings None Based on the building typology, identified possible cost-effective retrofitting options for typical masonry and from buildings Masonry buildings: Corner stitching, Horizontal bands, Vertical splints, bracing of walls Frame buildings: Jacketing of columns, addition of shear walls etc.

6 NSET-Nepal Methodology for Different Activities ItemsBase Line (Prior to Project) Project AchievementRemarks Implementation of retrofitting of school buildings (Development of SESP Concept) None 1.Develop mechanism for implementation 2.Structural intervention to school buildings 3.Training to masons, teachers, students, parents etc. Replicated in Chamoli,Bandung by UNCRD Advocacy for building code implementation None 1.First path § Building council act passed by parliament, council constituted § Building code implementation process started 2.Second path § Worked with NBSM for developing building code as Nepal Standards

7 NSET-Nepal Methodology for Different Activities ItemsBase Line (Prior to Project) Project AchievementRemarks Public awareness/ policy None ESD has become a sustained activity §Minister MOST is the chairman of ESD national committee §28 members including NSET §4 ESDs completed successfully §Wonderful target audience l National meeting – policy makers / donors l Symposium – professionals/decision makers l Earthquake safety rally, exhibition – all l Shake table demonstration – builders, technicians, house owners l Street drama - children

8 NSET-Nepal Methodology for Different Activities ItemsBase Line (Prior to Project) Project AchievementRemarks Institutional Development NSET as a ERM center in Nepal None 1.Credible institution with mission/vision statements and strategic objectives 2.Trusted by all (Govt., NGO, Donors) § OFDA § JICA § UNCRD § OCHA etc. 3.Very wide national/international outreach of NSET § Could implement JICA program The Study on Earthquake Disaster Mitigation in The Kathmandu Valley, kingdom of Nepal ADPC/AUDMP was the starting assistance Fund raisingNone 1.In kind/cash contribution from outside AUDMP funds amounted to >60% ADPC/AUDMP was the starting assistance

9 NSET-Nepal Ongoing Activities § Implementation of APIP l Start September 2000 – End August 2003 l Non-structural Vulnerability Reduction Quantitative Qualitative Lectures and assessment work to some organizations l SESP New donors like BFN, GHI and Others l Awareness raising Publications Radio TV Articles in Newspapers

10 NSET-Nepal Lessons Learned §Awareness raising became part of all project components §Low-tech approach was optimal § Emphasis on community level work is important § SESP concept is very effective § NGO status both helped and hindered project implementation § Institutional development is a long-term process

11 NSET-Nepal Challenges § Replication in l Kathmandu Valley, Outside Valley, Outside Nepal § Manpower Constraint § Lack of Policies § Building Permit Process § Earthquake Forum Problems l Many Actors, No Work § False Sense of Competition § Institutional Problem l Internal l External

12 NSET-Nepal What Should We Continue Doing? § Policy Work-shop (With ADPC Support) § Training § Impact Assessment § Community Level Works § Awareness Raising Video § RADIUS Assessment for 58 Municipalities


Download ppt "Lessons from Kathmandu Valley Earthquake Risk Management Project NSET-Nepal www.nset.org.np AUDMP Working Group Meeting, Bandung Shiva Bahadur Pradhanang."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google