Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 3 SECTION 2. RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN ENGLAND??? KING IS THE LEADER OF THE CHURCH AND THE COUNTRY NOT EVERYONE LIKED KING HENRY VIII’S CHURCH Still."— Presentation transcript:
RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN ENGLAND??? KING IS THE LEADER OF THE CHURCH AND THE COUNTRY NOT EVERYONE LIKED KING HENRY VIII’S CHURCH Still mostly Catholic ideas with Henry as the leader instead of the Pope
RELIGION IN ENGLAND CatholicProtestant Roman CatholicAnglican Church of England PuritansSeparatists Pope as head of church King Henry VIII as head of church Wanted to PURIFY the Church of England Wanted to SEPARATE from the Church of England Bloody MaryElizabeth I made Church of England Protestant Originally fled to Netherlands and then made a PILGRIMAGE to America If you didn’t follow the faith of the King or Queen in power, you were persecuted – treated harshly – even killed.
THE MAYFLOWER “Saints and Strangers” ONLY 35 OF 102 PASSENGERS WERE PILGRIMS The rest were commoners hoping for a better life. PILGRIMS Song Song
JUUUUST MISSED…. NOVEMBER 1620- LOOKING FOR VIRGINIA, BLOWN OFF COURSE TO MASSACHUSETS NO REAL TIME TO GET BACK ON TRACK (NOVEMBER) THEY DECIDE TO STAY NAMED COLONY PLYMOUTH
MAYFLOWER COMPACT DRAFTED TO UNITE “SAINTS AND STRANGERS” PLEDGED LOYALTY TO ENGLAND PROMISED TO OBEY LAWS ESTABLISHED FOR THE GOOD OF THE COLONY IMPORTANT STEP IN DEVELOPING GOVERNMENT IN THE AMERICAS
William Bradford leader and historian of Plymouth
FIRST WINTER PILGRIMS BARELY SURVIVE NEARLY HALF DIE OF MALNUTRITION AND DISEASE
SQUANTO AND SAMOSET WAMPANOAGS (WAHMP-UH-NOGS) WERE FRIENDLY WITH THE PILGRIMS TAUGHT THEM HOW TO FARM, HUNT, AND FISH
THE 1 ST “THANKSGIVING” Thanksgiving Did You Know? Thanksgiving Did You Know?
PURITANS IN ENGLAND WANTED TO PURIFY THE ANGLICAN CHURCH - KING CHARLES I IN POWER TREATED PURITANS WORSE THAN THE KING BEFORE
MASSACHUSETTS BAY COMPANY JOHN WINTHROP – GOVERNOR CREATE A SOCIETY BASED ON THE BIBLE 900 MEN, WOMEN, AND CHILDREN SETTLED IN BOSTON – City on a Hill Matthew 5:14, Jesus tells his listeners, "You are the light of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hidden." John Winthrop quoted Matthew while on board the Arabella.
RHODE ISLAND 1635 ROGER WILLIAMS GOT KICKED OUT OF MASSACHUSETTS THOUGHT PEOPLE SHOULD PRACTICE WHATEVER RELIGIOUS BELIEFS THEY WANTED SHOULDN’T TAKE LAND FROM NATIVES GOT LAND FROM A LOCAL TRIBE BECAME A “SAFE” PLACE FOR PEOPLE LOOKING FOR RELIGIOUS FREEDOM
CONFLICT WITH NATIVES ENGLISH SETTLERS DIDN’T RESPECT LAND BOUNDARIES NO PERMISSION/ PAYMENT 1636- PEQUOT WAR 1675- KING PHILLIP’S WAR
PEQUOT WAR – 2 traders killed on Pequot land – Mass sent troops to punish natives – Pequot retaliated and killed 9 people in Conn. – Troops burned main Pequot village, killing 100s
KING PHILLIP’S WAR VS WAMPANOAGS METACOMET (KING PHILLIP) SETTLERS + NATIVE ALLIES COMBINE TO DEFEAT THE WAMPANOAGS TOOK ALL POWER AWAY FROM NATIVES IN NEW ENGLAND
SALEM WITCH TRIALS 1692 YOUNG GIRLS CLAIMED TO BE POSSESSED BY THE DEVIL ACCUSED OTHERS OF WITCHCRAFT (150) 19 HANGED FOR BEING WITCHES Ergot?