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National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 Cyberinfrastructure for CHOIS a Global Health initiative for obesity surveillance and.

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Presentation on theme: "National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 Cyberinfrastructure for CHOIS a Global Health initiative for obesity surveillance and."— Presentation transcript:

1 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 Cyberinfrastructure for CHOIS a Global Health initiative for obesity surveillance and control Arun K. Datta 1, Victoria Jackson 2, Radha Nandkumar 3, and Weimo Zhu 4 1 National University 2 Illinois Department of Human Services 3 National Center for Supercomputing Applications 4 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

2 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 NU Community Research Institute (NUCRI) National School Board (NCC/FRC) HASTAC (higher education)/HASS grid UC Humanities Research Institute K12 (AmeriCorps) ARTCA Illinois Department of Public Health NCSA/University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign SmileHealthy, SIU, SALTRA, etc. National School Board (NCC/FRC) HASTAC (higher education)/HASS grid UC Humanities Research Institute K12 (AmeriCorps) ARTCA Illinois Department of Public Health NCSA/University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign SmileHealthy, SIU, SALTRA, etc. focused on digital technology need based Research for the community NUCRI is an outreach to the Community for National University (http://nucri.nu.edu)

3 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 NU Community Research Institute (NUCRI) (http://nucri.nu.edu)http://nucri.nu.edu i-Datawarei-Dataware – web based integrated database system for providing social services ezSRB ezSRB – web based interface for managing data through Storage Resource Broker (SRB) middleware; used in HASSgrid deployment VCMSSVCMSS – virtual collaboratory tool for working on collaborative projects FastAppsFastApps – web based software system for grant management CyberEdWorldCyberEdWorld – immersive 3D space for virtual classroom Open source software technologies (Portal Technology, Content management Software/Drupal, audio/video communication software/Access Grid, PHP, MySQL…) Tools and Technologies

4 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 https://ncc.nu.edu/

5 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 CHOIS Electronic Medical Record System Supported by CI Childhood Obesity Informatics System

6 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 Electronic Medical Record By 2014, all the citizens should have an access to his/her Electronic Medical Record. Communications of the ACM, Nov 2009, Vol 52 (11), EMR are widespread in Europe, Australia, and elsewhere, but only 4% of American doctors have a fully functional system. New England J. med., 356, 24, June 14, 2007, 2527 – 34.

7 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 Information flow commonly present

8 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 Implementing Electronic Medical Record Benefits are obvious Reduction of clerical errors Clinical-decision support Furthering medical research Economic Incentives to doctors Economic Incentives to Hospitals Regulations – HIPAA, FERPA Standards (HL 7, ISO, DICOM, etc.) Data Integration Data exchange Communications of the ACM, Nov 2009, Vol 52 (11),

9 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 Data Integration CT finding, Epithelial carcinoma of the ovary X-ray HematologyElectronic Medical Record Electronic Healthcare Record Oral PathologyHistopathology Blood tests Image of acute arterial embolism Microarray Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Transmission electron microscopy Atomic force microscope (AFM) Heart surgery

10 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 Echocardiography (EKG) Tablet-PC Smart Phone Electronic Devices for capturing the data

11 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 EHR will be in place by 2014 Health information exchange policy will be in place Medical devices will be standardized to send the data to the EHR and connect to each other Patient will have a greater control over his/her health data Patients will have more control over surveillance system More meaningful reports can be generated using CI Users needs to be trained for appropriate use of EHR CI in Healthcare Management

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13 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 Obesity – a Global Concern U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey suggests almost 1/3 of children and adolescents are overweight or obese and 11.3% of children and adolescents are very obese. Since last two decades, it has become so common that in 1997 the World Health Organization (WHO) formally recognized it as a global epidemic.

14 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 The economic impact of this condition is staggering: in 2008, it has been estimated that more than 147 billion dollars were spent just in the United States for medical costs related to obesity and this estimation does not include the time lost from work. If this trend continues, it has been projected that nearly one-fifth of the healthcare budget in US alone may have to be used for obesity control [1,2]. Due to all these, obesity has become a major concern in US. The present administration under President Obama has recently established a task force on childhood obesity (White house, February 09, 2010). 1.Wang Y, Beydoun MA, Liang L, Caballero B, Kumanyika SK. Obesity, 16 (2008), Hammond RA. Prev Chronic Dis. 6 (2009). Retrieved on February 14, 2010 from

15 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 A 2006 review identified ten possible contributors to the recent increase of obesity [1]. Obesity is the result of interplay between genetic and environmental factors. Polymorphisms in various genes controlling appetite and metabolism predispose to obesity when sufficient calories are present. As of 2006, more than 41 of these sites have been linked to the development of obesity when a favorable environment is present [2]. A sedentary lifestyle obviously plays a significant role in obesity. 1. Keith, T. Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News, 27 (2), Jan Poirier P, Giles TD, Bray GA, et al. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 26 (2006), 968–76.

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17 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 Portal User Interface Grid Resource Broker Service Grid and Web Protocols Information and Data Services Database Service Database HPC or Compute Cluster Grid Information Services, SRB Portal Client Stub Portal Client Stub Portal Client Stub JDBC, Local, or Remote Connection Three-tiered service oriented architecture is accepted standard for accessing Grid and other services Three-Tier Architecture

18 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 Grid Portals Launch, configure And control Application Interface Workflow service Open Grid Service Architecture Layer Open Grid Service Infrastructure (web service component model) Resource layer (slide by Dennis Gannon, modified) Distributed Grid and Web Services Registries and Name Binding Reservations and Scheduling Policy Event/Mesg Services security Administrating & Monitoring logging Data Management services Account services Grid Orchestration App Instance

19 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 Data grid deployment

20 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 Visualization of SRB Mainframes Supercomputers Any platform Distributed Server SQL server/Oracle/MySQL

21 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18

22 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 CHOIS – Childhood Obesity Informatics System

23 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 CHOISCHOIS – Childhood Obesity Informatics System Features of CHOIS -Web based forms * BMI, Asthma, etc * Genomic info -Combination of federated and central databases -Reports are available from anywhere anytime -Role based accessibility -Regulatory compliance (HIPAA, FERPA) -Mobile version is available -CMS, Drupal -Data integrator & DSS Cyberintegrator, MotifNetwork, etc. -Alert system -Cyberenvironments

24 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 CHOIS Web application Tools DSS Alert system CyberIntegrator Nutrigram Activitygram Training materials Research International Collaboration Immersive 3D Space *Accessible through computers and smart phones Child Health and Obesity Informatics System

25 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 demo

26 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 CHOIS – Child Health and Obesity Informatics System Incorporating Genomic Information

27 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 CHOIS – Content Management System, Drupal

28 National University Community Research Institute (NUCRI) PRAGMA 18 PRAGMA CHOIS Thank You


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