Presentation on theme: "Chapter 20 Objectives: 7.02, 7.03, 8.07, 8.08,. Managing Your Money Consumer: someone who buys a product or service –Have rights and responsibilities."— Presentation transcript:
Managing Your Money Consumer: someone who buys a product or service –Have rights and responsibilities 2 types of income: –Disposable Income: money that remains after all taxes on it have been paid –Discretionary Income: the money remaining after paying for necessities.
Managing Your Money Caveat Emptor – “let the buyer beware” Consumerism: movement to educate buyers about purchases and to demand better/safer products from manufacturers –Congress has passed laws like Fair Packaging and Labeling Act –Better Business Bureau- private group that seeks to protect individual consumers
Managing Your Money 5 Consumer Rights (1960’s) –Right to a safe product –Right to be informed (labels, ads, etc.) –Right to choose –Right to be heard –Right to redress (obtain payment from manufacturer if a product causes physical/financial damage)
Managing Your Money Consumer Responsibilities: –Gathering info/ recognizing quality –Use advertising carefully (to learn about products and the best place to buy them) –Deciding where to buy a product Comparison Shopping: comparing types/prices of products at different stores –Balancing cost of buying used items, items by mail, or other alternative method –Filing complaints/Reporting Problems Warranty: the promise of a manufacturer or a seller to repair or replace a faulty product within a certain time period
Planning/Budgeting Personal budget: –A careful record of all the money you earn and spend –Includes Income: money you earn Expenses: the money you spend (or save) Balance: amount of money left over after expenses are subtracted –Surplus- more income than expenses –Deficit- more expenses than income (negative balance)
Planning/Budgeting Credit: borrowed money to pay for a good or a service Credit terms: –Lender: person who loans money –Borrower: receives borrowed money –Interest: the cost for use of the money –Annual percentage rate (APR): annual cost of credit expressed as a percentage of amount borrowed.
Planning/Budgeting –Credit rating: an evaluation of the likelihood that a borrower will be unable to pay back a loan (default) Based on job, previous credit experiences, financial situation, etc. –Collateral: property (i.e. a house or a car) that a borrower pledges as security for a loan. If the borrower can’t repay the loan, the lender can seize the collateral.
Planning/Budgeting Sources of Credit: –Banks –Credit Unions –Finance Companies –Retail stores Credit Cards –Allows consumer to charge for goods/services (up to a preset monthly limit) –Fees for late payments, interest charges, etc.
Planning/Budgeting Anyone over 18 can get a credit card Benefit: –Not having to wait to save the full value –Making monthly payments can teach discipline Drawbacks: –Many people buy more on credit than they can afford –Bankruptcy: the inability to pay debts Remains on credit rating for 7-10 years
Saving Should be looked at as a regular expenditure. Reasons for saving: –To put towards an expensive item –For emergencies –For luxuries (like vacations) Saving is good for economy: –Money available for others to invest/spend –Money businesses can borrow
Saving Saving money involves a trade-off –More money for tomorrow, or less for today Questions to ask before saving: –How much do you spend on a daily basis? –How fast will your savings grow? –How much income do you expect in the future?
Types of Savings Savings Accounts: –Can be opened at banks or credit unions –Pay a fairly low interest rate –Interest is added to the principal: Initial amount deposited –Funds are readily available (can withdraw them) –Often require a minimum balance
Types of Savings Checking Accounts: –No interest –Designed for constant transfer of money Paying bills, writing checks, etc. –Sometimes requires a minimum balance –Debit cards –Don’t spend more than you have, or you could “bounce” a check overdraft
Types of Savings Money Market Account: –Savings account with a high minimum balance –Can withdraw money any time, or write checks –Has a higher interest rate than savings account Certificate of Deposit –Deposit money for a certain amount of time (6 months -5 years) –Guaranteed interest rate, higher than savings –Cannot withdraw until the time period is up Withdrawing early results in a financial ‘penalty’
Investments Stocks –Ownership share of a company –Value fluctuates with success of the business –Some companies pay dividends: payment to shareholders of a portion of companies earnings at regular intervals –Higher return (profit), but higher risk
Investments Bonds –Lending money to a company or gov’t –Risk with company bonds –Gov’t bonds are considered safest investment Pay half of the face value; after a certain time period it matures to face value
Investments Mutual Funds –Pools of money from many people –Money invested in expert’s choices of stocks and bonds –Less risky because money is spread out over different stocks –Popular mutual funds (and stocks) are tracked by a gov’t regulated index Like the Dow Jones Industrial Average
Achieving Financial Goals Constantly review your spending habits Avoid impulse buying: –Buying based on feeling without considering the consequences –Signaled by excessive buying, constantly borrowing money, quickly lose interest in things you have bought, etc. Choosing between long-term and short term goals (spending now or later)