Presentation on theme: "variety of physical activities that can help you be fit for life."— Presentation transcript:
1 variety of physical activities that can help you be fit for life. Weight Training ClassThis class is about providing you with theeducation necessary in order to increaseyour fitness now and also in the future,it is not simply about “pumping iron”.You will learn skills necessary to perform avariety of physical activities that can help you be fit for life.
2 General Physical Education Objective To recognize the value of participation in fitness and recreational activities in developing a healthy lifestyle.To learn skills necessary to perform a variety of physical activities that can help the student be fit for life.
3 In this class you will….Learn the proper form and technique for various weight-lifting activitiesLearn how to design a fitness program to meet your individual needs and to improve healthParticipate in exercise programs designed toimprove various aspects of your fitness (to include cardiorespiratory fitness)Assess your fitness level and participate in a program to improve and/or maintain a healthy fitness level
4 Fit for Life At the end of this class …….. Students will understand how to effectively plan, implement, self-assess, and modify a personal health and fitness plan.Student will be able to demonstrate the proper form for a variety of weight-lifting activities.
5 Exercise & Physical Activity Which statement is true?1. Exercise is physical activity.2. Physical activity is exercise.
6 Exercise & Physical Activity Physical Activity: any movement that works the larger muscles of the body, such as arms, legs, and back muscles. Basically, not being sedentary (very little movement).Exercise is physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive, that results in improvements to your health and fitness level
7 Physical Activity vs Exercise Physical activity is good for controlling weight because you burn calories, but it cannot give you all the same benefits as exercise.Exercise is about following a specific workout routine in order to improve aspects of your health and reduce potential health-related problems.Exercise programs are also designed to improve athletic performance, you cannot become a better athlete by simply being physically active.
9 Physical fitnessAbility to perform daily tasks with strength and vigor and not experience undue fatigue, and to have enough strength energy, and stamina left over to enjoy recreational pursuits and be able to meet unforeseen emergencies.You are physically capable of performing daily activities such as walking to school, carrying books, raking leaves, climbing stairs, moving furniture, etc.
10 Skill-Related Fitness Health-Related &Skill-Related FitnessThe health-related components contribute to the prevention of lifestyle diseasesand promote overall healthand fitness.The components of skill-related fitness are associated with a person’sability to be able to play gamesand sports—how well theycan perform body functionsrelated to sports-related skills
11 Health-Related Fitness Components Cardiorespiratory endurance- the ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to use and send fuel and oxygen to the body’s tissues during long periods of moderate-to-vigorous activityMuscular endurance- the ability of the muscles to perform physical tasks over a period of time without becoming fatiguedMuscular strength- the amount of force a muscle can exertFlexibility- the ability to move the joints through a full range of motionBody Composition— a comparison of the relative amounts of lean body weight and fat tissue in the body.
12 Skill-Related Physical Fitness It is assumed that people who possess skill-related fitness will be more likely to engage in regular activity and for this reason will have enhanced health-related fitness and a lower risk of lifestyle diseases.Obtaining high levels of skill-related fitness means that a person will be able to participate in sports-related activities at a more competitive level, which increases the intensity of the activity.If sports are played at a higher intensity, the more likely the person is to get a workout that will increase levels of the health-related components of fitness.
13 Skill-Related Fitness Agility-the ability to change the position of your body quickly and to control your body’s movementsBalance-the ability to keep an upright posture while standing still or movingCoordination-the ability to use your senses together with your body parts or to use two or more body parts togetherPower -the ability to apply force with speedReaction Time- the ability to react or respond quickly to a situation and perform the appropriate response quicklySpeed- the ability to cover a distance in a short period of time
14 Evaluation of Weight Training Focus Health-Related FitnessCardiorespiratory EnduranceHighMuscular EnduranceMuscular StrengthMedium-HighFlexibilityMediumAppropriate body compositionSkill-Related FitnessAgilityLowSpeedCoordinationReaction TimePowerBalance
15 Class DesignThe training format for this class is designed around the principles of training:SpecificityOverloadProgressionYou will be expected to apply these principles of training to your workouts and demonstrate that you understand how to design a workout around them.
16 Principles of Training SpecificityPrinciples of TrainingA rule of exercise that states that gains result from training are specific to the type of stress imposed upon the body systems (muscular, respiratory, circulatory).For a muscle to be developed, you must exercise that muscle.Also, the muscle(s) must be exercised specifically for what you want to develop: speed, size, strength, or endurance. You have to follow a certain program that will target the muscles in such a way as to bring about the desired improvement.
17 Principles of Training OverloadA rule of exercise that states that in order to improve the level of fitness, one must increase the workload that the body is accustomed to. Muscles adapt to the workload that is placed upon them, so in order to improve that workload must progressively increase in order for muscles to adapt to doing a greater amount of work.17
18 Principle of Training Progression is a gradual increase in overload necessary for achieving higher levels of fitness. The intensity of workouts must occur over time in order to reduce risk for injury.Once a person has adapted to the present overload, then he/she should increase that overload slightly over time.
19 Weight Training Program GOAL# OF SETSREPETITION RANGEWeightRest between SetsBulking Up3-68-12Heavy30-90 SecondsStrength3-5+1-7Very Heavy2-5 MinutesMuscular endurance(training for endurance sports such as cross-country, swimming, etc.)2-312-15Light20-30 SecondsCombination strength and endurance (for sports training like basketball, soccer, football, etc.)6-12Medium1-2 MinutesFitness (general muscle toning)12-20
20 Questions… Provide an example of how Specificity is used in a workout programProgression is used in a workout programOverload is used in a workout program