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A brief overview of Drupal 7 By Robin Isard, Systems Librarian Algoma University.

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Presentation on theme: "A brief overview of Drupal 7 By Robin Isard, Systems Librarian Algoma University."— Presentation transcript:

1 A brief overview of Drupal 7 By Robin Isard, Systems Librarian Algoma University

2 What I'm going to look at Overview of Drupal 7 The module system How Drupal manages your data Case study – 2 years working with Drupal

3 What is drupal? Content Management System Becoming more of a Content Management Framework Created by Dries Buytaert, a Belgian computer science student in major releases since then Current major release is Drupal 7 As of 2011 approximately 630,000 subscribed users A drop

4 Architectural Overview Essentially a LAMP stack Modular Core Contributed Custom Themes Business logic intensive

5 Core Core modules Blogs Comments Aggregator (RDF, RSS, Atom feeds) Forums Polls Taxonomy (tagging) Menu customization Hierarchical ordering of content Tracking system Statistics OpenID login Logging Theming system Update manager Trigger system

6 Drupal community

7 Contributed modules Functionality and themes 9947 modules total 3929 compatible with Drupal 7 Content: 551 File Management: 90 Administration: 343 Themes: 298


9 How modules work A collection of php files designed to implement some find of functionality /sites/default/modules mymod.install mymod.module

10 .info name = Administration menu description = "Provides a dropdown menu to most administrative tasks and other common destinations (to users with the proper permissions)." package = Administration ; Purposively added for feature development. version = 7.x-3.x-dev core = 7.x project = admin_menu

11 .install /** * Install, update, and uninstall functions for the admin menu module. */ /** * Implements hook_schema(). */ function admin_menu_schema() { $schema['cache_admin_menu'] = drupal_get_schema_unprocessed('system', 'cache'); $schema['cache_admin_menu']['description'] = 'Cache table for Administration menu to store client-side caching hashes.'; return $schema; }

12 .module Hook system Php function Defined input and output Allows you to implement a certain behavior at a certain point in drupal core

13 Hooks _ () hook_user_load() mymod_user_load() 342 available hooks hook_comment_load hook_cron hook_css_alter hook_field_validate

14 Example /** * Implements hook_help(). */ function admin_menu_help($path, $arg) { switch ($path) { case 'admin/settings/admin_menu': return t('The administration menu module provides a dropdown menu arranged for one- or two-click access to most administrative Tasks … the menu.'); case 'admin/help#admin_menu': $output = ''; $output.= ' '. t('The administration menu module provides a dropdown menu arranged for one- or two-click....');

15 APIs Module system (Drupal hooks) Database abstraction layer (Schema API) Menu system Form generation File upload system Field API Search system Node access system Theme system

16 Data access and storage

17 Data management By default a LAMP stack Other database options available with more or less support Drupal 7 has a rewritten database abstraction layer PostgreSQL now a first class member of the community MongoDB Essentially uses Object-relational mapping

18 APIs Entity (core) Entity API Schema API

19 Important data management concepts Entities Users Taxonomy terms Comments Nodes Fields Entity + Fields = Bundles

20 Bundle - Example news_item (a node entity) + Date (field) Subject (field) = news_item bundle

21 Key entity hooks hook_entity_info() Entity (core) hook_schema() Schema API Entity API entity_create() entity_save() entity_delete() entity_view() entity_access().

22 function user_entity_info() { $return = array( 'user' => array( 'label' => t('User'), 'controller class' => 'UserController', 'base table' => 'users', 'uri callback' => 'user_uri', 'label callback' => 'format_username', 'fieldable' => TRUE, 'entity keys' => array( 'id' => 'uid', ), ' hook_entity_info()

23 hook_schema() function user_schema() { $schema['authmap'] = array( 'description' => 'Stores distributed authentication mapping.', 'fields' => array( 'aid' => array( 'description' => 'Primary Key: Unique authmap ID.', 'type' => 'serial', 'unsigned' => TRUE, 'not null' => TRUE, ), 'uid' => array( 'type' => 'int', 'not null' => TRUE, 'default' => 0, 'description' => "User's {users}.uid.",

24 hook_schema() Supports primary and foreign keys Supports indexes Field lengths Precision Signed / unsigned

25 Data storage example

26 public | node | table | public | field_data_field_db_access_link | table | public | field_data_field_db_build_name | table | public | field_data_field_db_description | table | public | field_data_field_db_ezp_note | table | public | field_data_field_db_ezp_test | table | public | field_data_field_db_sfx_name | table | public | field_data_field_db_url | table |

27 Data storage example TABLE: node nid | 164 vid | 164 type | db language | und title | Women Writers' Project uid | 1 status | 1 created | changed | comment | 1 promote | 0 sticky | 0 tnid | 0 translate | 0 TABLE: field_data_field_db_url entity_type | node bundle | db deleted | 0 entity_id | 164 revision_id | 164 language | und delta | 0 field_db_url_value | field_db_url_format |

28 Viewing your data Views module Still a contributed module Essentially a report writer Complicated Database API

29 An example: Algoma University's Archive

30 Algoma University Archive Over 25,000 images and documents 3 TB of data on scattered hard drives Most of the data important for legal purposes Index housed in InMagic-DBtextworks Relational like ASP driven No social media aspects No means to display the content in an engaging way

31 Questions we asked about a new CMS Service integration Is there documentation? Is there an API? Does it support data exchange protocols? JSON XML RDP

32 Questions we asked about a new CMS Data access and storage How does it store data? Does it have a CRUD layer? Can I get my data out of it in standard formats? CSV XML What options are there for non-sql data?

33 Migration 2010 project started to update the archive We chose Drupal because It seemed to answer the questions listed above of it's very large user community recommendations from peers it's ability to integrate with enterprise technologies like Fedora Commons and Solr It's social media abilities

34 Phase 1 Get the data out of InMagic and into Drupal Took nearly 4 months Process Dump the data out of InMagic as CSV files Import into PostgreSQL Use SQL to clean up and format the data Use migration module to import the cleaned up tables into Drupal

35 Phase 2 Use Drupal's extensibility to ability to meet archivist needs for the archive Problems with contirb Postgres Bad code Malfunctioning modules Dates Unix time stamp no good for archives

36 Phase 3 – in planning Migrate to drupal 7 Needs to be done No back-porting Drupal is now smarter about databases – which is a problem

37 Lessons learned - modules Drupal runs the show Always interact with Drupal via a module Stay as close to core as possible Is this the best possible module for the job? Put time into choosing modules When was the last commit? Do you understand the code yourself? Is there a plan to upgrade it? Read the code for you modules You should be able to fix it yourself

38 Lessons learned - database Drupal doesn't really like relational databases Do you know what a given module will do to the DB? Categories module Does it use MySQL specific statements? Use Fields and Views as much as possible Always interact with the DB via a module

39 The possibilities Database layer can be rewritten All kinds of data stores theoretically possible Can be conceptualized as simply a user interface for different kinds of data stores Discovery Solr integration Islandora Web services

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