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Technology solutions for global challenges Mike Bushell Brussels 16 th October 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Technology solutions for global challenges Mike Bushell Brussels 16 th October 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Technology solutions for global challenges Mike Bushell Brussels 16 th October 2008

2 2 Privileged and Confidential Whats Happening in Agriculture? Food price rises and protests worldwide -Era of cheap food may be over? -Plenty of speculation as to why the prices have risen Reawakening of interest in Agriculture -Media, International agencies, Governments, NGOs -Humanitarian responses -Policy development for the future Wake up call to the world -The real challenge lies in planning now for sustainable systems that will feed 8 billion people before 2025 and >9 billion before 2050

3 3 Privileged and Confidential The challenge of feeding 9 billion people The world must grow more crops on the currently available land to meet the increasing demand for food, feed and fuel

4 4 Privileged and Confidential Yield gains: further increases needed and possible

5 5 Privileged and Confidential Higher yields reduce poverty

6 6 Privileged and Confidential Technologies for Yield How have we met the increased demand since 1950s? There are only 4 major technologies -Mechanisation including irrigation -Synthetic fertilisers (NPK) -Crop Protection Chemicals (HIF) -Better seeds

7 7 Privileged and Confidential

8 8 Drivers for agricultural fungal control : New disease issues and Resistance New disease pandemics can occur Example : Soybean rust - dramatic yield losses (up to 80%). -Rapid spread from Zimbabwe in 1998 to S. Africa, S. America and USA by 2004 Septoria tritici in EU wheat -Strobilurin resistance -Rapid spread Fungicide treated vs. untreated soya in Brazil

9 9 Privileged and Confidential Formulation Science – a key technology area Example : Adjuvant can improve activity by : -increasing droplet spread - leaf uptake Controlled Release -Immediate or extended action No adjuvant With adjuvant

10 10 Privileged and Confidential Seed enhancement system -> selected AIs in appropriate ratios -> seed technology (e.g. disinfection, priming, coating, pelleting) Seed Treatment Technology

11 11 Privileged and Confidential Biotechnology provides powerful tools for seed innovation Biotechnology - Transgenic crops -Introduces genes from other species e.g. insect resistance, vitamin content -Stacked traits Precision breeding -Modern techniques improve efficiency and speed of conventional breeding -Traits native to species (drought tolerance, enhanced yield, disease resistance) -Usually complex multi-gene traits Undifferentiated transformed plants under selection

12 12 Privileged and Confidential Marker Assisted Trait Selection Early screening to reduce selection costs in germplasm improvement HealthyDiseased disease resistance marker IDed disease-resistant plants selected by markers DNA analysis of young plants

13 13 Privileged and Confidential Meeting the demand for better food and more choice Our technology enhances the flavor and nutritional content in food Kumato tomatoes are among the tastiest and juiciest you can buy Dulcinea seedless watermelon have great sweet watermelon flavor with less waste Toscanella tomato are a direct response to consumer demand for a tastier high quality tomato

14 14 Privileged and Confidential Agricultural output suffering from unsustainable water use Source: World Bank, World Development Report 2008, p. 183 Yellow River running dry on last 100 km: 1972: 15 days 1996: 133 days 1997: 226 days Lake Aral Only ~25% of original size Rio Grande failed to reach the Gulf of Mexico in 2001 for first time Water stress indicator in major basins Overexploited (more than 1.0) Heavily exploited (0.8 to 1.0) Moderately exploited (0.5 to 0.8) Slightly exploited (0 to 0.5) Food supply bubble ~15-35% of irrigation unsustainable Depletion of aquifers for growing demand Local water scarcities Wheat yields, China: minus ~23% in 8 yrs Cotton area, Australia: minus ~30% in 2 yrs

15 15 Privileged and Confidential Drought Tolerant Corn Multiple new trait constructs currently in field trials Native traits and functional genomics Several lead gene candidates with excellent drought tolerance

16 16 Privileged and Confidential WHEAT: Invinsa delayed senescence in both stems/leaves and heads when applied at flag leaf and/or heading stage Control Invinsa UTC Oil Chemical approaches to crop enhancement

17 17 Privileged and Confidential What is Sustainable food production? Strategies & Practices that promote the long term well being of the environment, society & the farming economy. To meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs* *Brundtland Commission Definition of Sustainable Development Environmental Protection Welfare of Rural Communities Improved Productivity Sustainable farming Sustainable farming Triple bottom line – Economic, Social, Environmental

18 18 Privileged and Confidential What is in a typical carbon footprint? Conventional Corn (Iowa, Rain-fed, 175 bu/ac) ~3 lb C/bu Note: footprints can also be developed for water and other elements of sustainability

19 19 Privileged and Confidential Modern technologies play an important role in sustainable production Lower Impact Higher Impact Eliminating tillage Decreasing fuel use Optimizing Fertilizer Practices Preventing Pest Losses Cover crops and N 2 O Emissions Reducing Pesticide Applications Managing biodiversity Using less water and pumping energy The primary impact of CP is enabling other improvements

20 20 Privileged and Confidential Corn and soybean– nitrogen use efficiency and drought tolerance traits

21 21 Privileged and Confidential Syngenta CP products help in Sustainable Ag Improved water use efficiency Improved nitrogen use efficiency Optimal water solubility for high efficiency drip irrigation Improved vigor and drought tolerance Soybeans Brazil Untreated Examples Improved water use efficiency Source: Syngenta

22 22 Privileged and Confidential Improving root growth Agrisure RW Isoline Bt corn rootworm resistance Cruiser seed treatment

23 23 Privileged and Confidential Sustainability factors Soil Water Energy Waste Productivity Environment Quantity & Quality Minimise use / Crop Footprint Minimise / Valorise as energy Economics / Reduce land use changes Fertility / Moisture / Erosion

24 24 Privileged and Confidential Cover crop April Desiccated cover crop September Cover crop re-generated November Erosion on conventional plot September

25 25 Privileged and Confidential Reduced methane production and water use in rice through no-till, hybrid rice and irrigation technology

26 26 Privileged and Confidential Corn and Sugarcane ethanol efficiency improvement alpha-amylase Endogenous cellulase enzymes

27 27 Privileged and Confidential Tropical sugarbeet in Sudan – new high yields in dry conditions

28 28 Privileged and Confidential Protecting the environment … Our products help: -farmers to adapt to changing climate conditions -to prevent soil erosion -to conserve water -To manage biodiversity locally -reduce the need to expand farmland into natural habitats

29 29 Privileged and Confidential Summary – Meeting the global challenge Technology is a critical component of the solution -What we need is here today; promise of more for the future The question is, how can we deploy technology safely in sustainable agricultural systems locally? Many problems to be overcome -Climate Change -Technophobia -Infrastructure, Policy, Regulation, Finance -Investment in creating a rural economy that sustains itself -Training – reinvigorating agricultural extension services Effective Public Private Partnerships

30 30 Privileged and Confidential Our company

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