Presentation on theme: "Building Service Performance Buildings and the Larger Community"— Presentation transcript:
1Building Service Performance Buildings and the Larger Community (a situational impact perspective)Michelle RaymondPrincipal Research ScientistHoneywell LabsOntolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008
2Situation Management Information Needs Cleanly Cross DomainsConnect correct information NOW!Information servicesReasoning servicesAction servicesData Exchange SupportSharing policiesDistribution assignmentCreating Common Operating PictureScope and view accountingFocus: Emergency Response needs ability to Cleanly Cross Domains and solid Data Exchange SupportCleanly Cross DomainsConnect correct information NOW!(services, services, services)Information servicesReasoning servicesAction servicesData Exchange Support(getting the right information to the right people at the right time.Sharing policiesDistribution assignmentCreating Common Operating PictureScope and view accountingOntolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008
3Why an ontology?Having structured relationships amongst standardized information for a facility:Defines facility information exchanges and resulting BIM data in way usable by specialized service providersOrganizes facility life-cycle information with associated dataProvides basis for longevity to the information and improves feasiblity of multiple checkpoints for data integrityA BIM is great, but without it being standardized you could get locked into the limits of one vendors productsWe are encouraging the use of IFC based information exchanges which link us to the international community open standards.We need to have commonly organized information throughout the life-cycle so other software products outside our area of responsibility can find and read the dataWe will need to keep the data alive and usable for years – this is no small order and it can only be accomplished with a standardized approachOntolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008
4NBIMS Business Processes Interfaces to business processes at the core of NBIMSStandardizing commonly-recognized relationshipsIdentify information needing to flow through the modelMake information available to appropriate partiesFormalizing information flows will:Identify authoritative sources for informationEnsure that correct data is collectedData need only be entered once into the modelInterfaces between various sections of the National BIM Standard and business processes will be at the core of the Standard.Standardizing relationships will help to identify the information that needs to flow through the model and be made available to other parties as identified in the BIM Scope. Formalizing these information flows will help identify authoritative sources for information and help ensure that correct data is collected and need only be entered once into the model for all eventual re-use and modification.Ontolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008
5National BIM Standard Definition of BIM – buildingSMART Official Definition: A Building Information Model (BIM) is a digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of a facility. As such it serves as a shared knowledge resource for information about a facility forming a reliable basis for decisions during its life-cycle from inception onward.This is the agreed to “standard” definition for a BIM.Key points are:It is digital so a machine can read and analyze itIt includes the entire life-cycle from inception onwardIt supports collaborationIt is shared information and supports interoperabilityIt is an open standard and free* All text above is directly or paraphrased from the BIM_Slide_Show.Ontolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008
9oBIX – Open Building Information eXchange Emergency Management TCoBIX – Open Building Information eXchangeoBIX Architecture objectives provide means for reliable, extensible, safe interoperability.Enables Building Management Systems to communicate with external servicesRepresents information in a standardized formatEnables defining specialized contracts to invoke operations based on security permission and situation awarenessProvides for changing permissions based on alarm statesThe Open Building Information eXchange (oBIX) standard is used for the building data and operational procedures. A Distribution Element is routed to the building system with an oBIX payload.Having oBIX provide Building Information Model based knowledge in a form agreeable to all communities is an ongoing effort.Connect Facility Information and Emergency ManagementNBIMS VisionBIM Data ModelNBIMS ProcessoBIX OperationsData Exchange SupportoBIX Contracts and EDXL-DE headerEDXL–DE payloadsOther standards usage and supportBIMS into NIMSOntolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008
10oBIX 2.0 Stack oBIX 1.0 Foundation oBIX Enterprise oBIX Building Object modelXMLContractsWeb ServicesWatches, points, histories, alarmingoBIX EnterpriseDistributed database: query, search, navigation, cachingOntology: site, building, story, equipment, space, relationshipsoBIX BuildingHVAC equipFireElevator, etcoBIX EnergyMeterPrice structuresoBIX SecurityUsers/badgesDoors/readersCameras/videooBIX IndustrialProcess1131/1499Batch/recipesFocusing on what we’ve shown worksfirst data encoded as XMLOntolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008
13Skywarn storm spotter network triggered Data collected at Building Shared to wider community when appropiate (ex: weather, hazmat detection)
14Skywarn storm spotter network triggered Building Sensors and Actuators
15Skywarn storm spotter network triggered Scenario: segment 3Weather spotterIn the same building there works a trained Skywarn weather spotter. His weather radio receives an alarm from the NWS indicating the severe thunderstorm watch. He heads to the roof weather lab and monitors the weather situation visually and by sensor instrumentation. He transmits a report indicating the sighting of a rotating wall cloud via his ham radio and a secure web service. With the Doppler images, sensor data and trained storm spotter reports, the National Weather Service has enough reliable information to initiate a tornado warning.
18System: activation 2(Activate tornado warning) Note: show in myStateUSA service (see appendix slides for screen shots)
19Ontolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond 14 July, 2008
20Ontolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond 14 July, 2008
21Images: local area images Images: Ontolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008
22Management level technical: topic 3 Emergency Response InfrastructureA Tornado Path Prediction situation analysis tool defines the expected path and feeds information back into the emergency alerting system. Another situation analysis tool on the network, matches the geospatial information about the tornado’s path to a database of assets within the metro area. This information can be used to specialize messages to warn those in the path and alert emergency responders to the anticipated damage. Path prediction combined with geospatial and asset location information is an example of a Service that can be utilized within the Emergency Response Infrastructure.
23oBIX payloads in Distribution Element example Emergency Management TCRail yardOfficeOtherRecipientsTornadoTouchdown AlertChemicalPlantoBIX payloads in Distribution Element exampleEmergencyOperationsFirstRespondersSend DECAPoBIXproprietary protocolinvoke contract “NWS Alert”ContractsInvoke “Tornado –Take Shelter Alert”requests “SafetyChemical Containment Operation”Building Management SystemdistributionIDsenderIDdateTimeSentdistributionStatusdistributionTypecombinedConfidentialitylanguagesenderRole *recipientRole *keyword *distributionReference * #explicitAddress *contentObjectcontentDescriptioncontentKeyword *incidentIDincidentDescriptionoriginatorRole *consumerRole *confidentialityother *Ontolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond2314 July, 2008
24CERT response Management level technical: topic 5 Scalable and adaptableFor an Incident Management System to be effective it must be scalable and adaptable. It must be capable of handling small incidents, like single events of wind damage at the beginning of the scenario. It must be able to handle separate events that tax the same resource pool. It must be able to deal with events separated through out the jurisdiction and cross jurisdiction. It must continue to evolve as the incident evolves.
25Images: local area images Management level technical: topic 8Practices and policiesAt each stage of the command change the personnel roles and communications structure is managed via Minnesota Incident Management System (MnIMS) policies. Registries of individuals roles, skills and privileges matched against their personalized badging aid in rapid team structuring and information transfer of existing situation awareness. The lack of availability of interoperable communication devices for the CERT responders forces them to move the Incident Command Post to a busy and distracting location. Each Emergency Response ‘best-practice’ that isn’t followed, degrades the system. At least the adaptability of the system helps mitigate the degradation – some.
27Scenario: segment 13Situation assessment determines resource needsIt is determined that removing debris by hand and with the limited available tools won’t get the trapped kids out fast enough from areas where the quality of air is unknown. Heavy equipment is needed.
28Resource Messaging Services Local HeavyConstructionCompanyCityEmergencyManagementSystemWe need heavy equipment for careful debris removal.HamRadioOperatorRequest ResourceBroadcastResponse to Request (includes location / equip.)IncidentCommander(on site)Requisition ResourceCommit ResourceManagement level technical: topic 9The Emergency Data Exchange Language – Resource Messaging within Emergency Response Information and Communications ArchitectureThe primary purpose of the Emergency Data Exchange Language - Resource Messaging (EDXL_RM). Specification is to provide a set of standard formats for XML emergency messages. These Resource Messages are specifically designed as payloads of Emergency Data Exchange Language Distribution Element- (EDXL_DE)-routed messages. Together EDXL_DE and EDXL_RM are intended to expedite all activities associated with resources needed to respond and adapt to emergency incidents. The Resource Message is intended to be the payload or one of the payloads of the Distribution Element which contains it.The Resource Message is constrained to a manageable set of 16 Resource Message types related to the major communication purposes involved in the allocation of resources pertaining to preparation for, response to and remediation of emergency incidents.ExampleIn our scenario, a request is sent from incident command for appropriate heavy equipment. A software tool installed in the command unit notes that use of heavy equipment requires a licensed heavy equipment operator. Thus, the resource request message includes both equipment and equipment operator. The resource request message is formatted according to the Emergency Data Exchange Language – Resource Messaging (EDXL-RM) standard and is distributed via protocol accepted within the metropolitan area using SOAP and HTTP. Return of the equipment and operators will also be managed by the EDXL-RM standard and the associated resource management procedural methods.Report Resource DeploymentWe needsearch andrescuesupportSite EmergencyManagement SystemRequest InformationBroadcast
31Hazardous Materials Sensor Detection Triggered Does your “building” care? Do it’s occupants? It depends. A service provider shares needed information.Ontolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008
32Situation MapsA variety of buildings and organizations are about to become involved in the situation.Ontolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008
33Situation MapsAlert received depends on the location of the building and (optionally) on the type of facility.Ontolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008
34Situation Maps Examples of Schools Effected by the Emergency Following pre-plans.Examples of Schools Effected by the EmergencyOntolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008
35Situation Maps Business Building that can Cut Outside Air Intake Building system responseBusiness Building that can Cut Outside Air IntakeOntolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008
36Situation Maps The Eldercare System Evacuation Plan Calling other services.The Eldercare System Evacuation PlanOntolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008
37Knowledge Solutions needed Cleanly Cross DomainsKnow where to get data – SOA-RRDomain Information Structure - OntologyReasoning SystemsOntology based ServicesData Exchange SupportEventTypes in Policy Management within SOAIncident Lifecycle - OntologyOntology to Ontology – Semantic clusteringData slicing – Metadata for scope and viewConnect Facility Information and Emergency ManagementNBIMS VisionBIM Data ModelNBIMS Process and RulesoBIX OperationsData Exchange SupportoBIX Contracts and EDXL-DE headerEDXL–DE payloadsOther standards usage and supportBIMS into NIMSOntolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008- Michelle Raymond
38Moving ForwardOnce the Framework is in place – the opportunity for beneficial services and sources are endless.Let’s discuss what services you need or can provide and how we can trust those services through good perfomance measurement.Management level technical: topic 10 cont.Conclusion
39Presenter Contact is welcome via: firstname.lastname@example.org Links and References(NBIMS) National Building Information Model StandardProject page:BIMS Slide Show:(oBIX) Open Building Information ExchangeOASIS oBIX Technical Committee:oBIX TC Press links:(EDXL) Emergency Data eXchange LanguageOASIS EMTC Technical Committee:Associated EMTC Standards:Presenter Contact is welcome via:Ontolog Forum: Building Service Performance Project Kickoff - Michelle Raymond14 July, 2008