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National Building Information Modeling Standard Candidate Ontologies

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Presentation on theme: "National Building Information Modeling Standard Candidate Ontologies"— Presentation transcript:

1 National Building Information Modeling Standard Candidate Ontologies
April 3, 2008 Dana K. “Deke” Smith, FAIA Executive Director, buildingSMART Alliance

2 About National Institute of Building Sciences
NIBS - Public Law , Sect. 809 Bridge between Private and Public Construction Non-governmental – Unique 501c3 Organization Facility Information Council Mission "improve the performance of facilities over their full life-cycle by fostering common and open standards and an integrated life-cycle information model for the A/E/C & FM industry." NIBS Related Products – Construction Criteria Base Whole Building Design Guide National CAD Standard National BIM Standard Some background on NIBS is important as many people don’t know about this unique organization and why it works so well for what we are trying to accomplish. Congress directed NIBS to “exercise its functions and responsibilities in four general areas, relating to building regulations……………..” 1. Develop & maintain performance criteria for maintenance of life, safety, health, and public welfare for the built environment. 2. Evaluate building technology to meet the above criteria. 3. Conduct related and needed investigations 4. Assemble, store, and disseminate technical data and related information NIBS acts as a non-threatening open forum host for capital facilities industry collaboration and a recognized consensus process Twelve groups required to be represented by the legislation: Consumer and General Interest - Consumers, users, academia, media, and public interest groups. Architects - Architects and related professionals in private practice. Engineers - Engineers and related professionals in private practice. Federal Government - Officials and representatives of federal government agencies. State and Local Government - Officials and representatives of state and local government including code officials. Building Construction - Building construction contractors, subcontractors and utilities. Labor Organizations - Building trade unions. Housing - Builders, developers and housing producers. Building Materials and Products - Producers, manufacturers and distributors of materials and products used in the building process. Codes and Standards – Codes, Standards writing or producing organizations. Real Estate, Finance, Legal and Insurance - Owners, real estate financial and insurance organizations. Research, Testing and Other Services - Research organizations, testing laboratories, and other service organizations.

3 Building Buildings Electronically First
Photo of Disney Concert Hall courtesy Dennis Shelden, Gehry Technologies

4 What is a BIM? - Lifecycle Information View
Simulations -Comfort -Ventilation, heating -Life cycle cost -Light, sound -Insulation -Fire, usage -Environment -Life time predictions Specifications -Specification sheets -Classification standards -Estimates, accounting Building Information Model Briefing -Functional req. -Estimates -Conditions -Requirements Knowledge databases -Best practise knowledge -Own practice Laws and regulations -Building regulations -Building specifications CAD software -Drawings, calculations -Architect, engineer,… VRML -Visualisation, 3D models Procurement -Product databases -Price databases Facility management -Letting, sale, operations -Maintenance -Guaranties Demolition, refurbishment -Rebuild -Demolition -Restoration Construction management -Scheduling -Logistics, 4D

5 Information Exchange Concepts Standard Development Process
Standards: NBIMS V1 P1 Delivered Dec 27, 2007 International Core National Specific OmniClass Information Exchange Concepts Standard Development Process Information Assurance Capability Maturity Model References and Appendices Over 30 contributors

6 OGC® Information Flow IAI-IFC Usage Theatre / World Country
Installation / Region State / Province Natural Asset County Air / Space City Underground IAI-IFC Usage Site Water / Sea Real Property Asset Land / Parcel Facility / Built Building System Sub-Systems Space Components Level Overlay Room Structure System Sub-Systems Components Space Level Overlay Room Linear Structure Node Segment

7 CSI/CSC - OmniClass Table 11 - Construction Entities by Function
Table 12 - Construction Entities by Form Table 13 - Spaces by Function Table 14 - Spaces by Form Table 21 - Elements “UNIFORMAT” Table 22 - Work Results “MasterFormat” Table 23 - Products Table 31 - Phases Table 32 - Services Table 33 - Disciplines Table 34 - Organizational Roles Table 35 - Tools Table 36 - Information Table 41 - Materials Table 49 - Properties

8 Uniformat Update Structure Shell Interiors Services
Equipment & Furnishings Special Construction and Deconstruction Sitework General PROPOSED UNIFORMAT ELEMENT A A STRUCTURE A10 SUBSTRUCTURE A1010 Foundations Standard Foundations Wall Foundations Continuous Footings Foundation Walls Column Foundations Spread Footings Column Piers Special Foundations 31 60 00 Driven Piles 31 62 00 Bored/Augured Piles 31 63 00 Caissons 31 64 00 Special Foundation Walls 31 66 16 Foundation Anchors 31 68 00 Underpinning 31 48 00 Raft Foundations Grade Beams A1030 Subgrade Enclosures Walls for Subgrade Enclosures Subgrade Enclosure Wall Construction Subgrade Enclosure Wall Interior Finish Subgrade Enclosure Wall Supplementary Components Subgrade Enclosure Wall Dampproofing 07 11 00 Subgrade Enclosure Wall Waterproofing 07 10 00 Subgrade Enclosure Wall Insulation 07 20 00 Subgrade Enclosure Wall Vapor Retarders 07 26 00 Doors for Subgrade Enclosure Walls 08 10 00, 08 30 00 Windows for Subgrade Enclosure Walls 08 50 00 Window Wells 10 74 46

9 Business Process Change: COBIE Construction Operations Building Information Exchange
Conception & Definition Phases Identify items from the specifications that will require warranty information Procurement & Execution Phases Collect information as items are ordered and delivered such as who is warranting, when the warranty starts, how long is the warranty period, what preventive maintenance is required to keep the warranty in force Utilization & Closure Phases Read the information collected directly into your CMMS software to ensure that the warranties are supported One of the examples we are using in NBIMS is the COBIE project. We are not as interested in the actual product as the process as it is one of the few that demonstrate how information flows from design through construction to the operations phase of the project. COBIE will demonstrate the flow of information through the phases of a facility something that is not yet happening yet Is critical to realize the total potential ROI

10 Worksheets Contact Design Submittal Installation Commissioning
COBIE Format Worksheets Contact Design Submittal Installation Commissioning Job Plan Resource Job Plan Task

11 Questions? Deke Smith (202)

12 Thank You Deke Smith (202)

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