Presentation on theme: "To Do Check in with group, verify what each person needs to complete for final product. Have notebook ready Make sure you’ve picked up handout and updated."— Presentation transcript:
To Do Check in with group, verify what each person needs to complete for final product. Have notebook ready Make sure you’ve picked up handout and updated cat trackers with important dates!
Abolition: “To abolish or destroy” Abolitionist Movement had as its goal the ending of slavery.
Famous Abolitionists "I do not wish to think, or speak, or write, with moderation.... I am in earnest -- I will not equivocate -- I will not excuse -- I will not retreat a single inch -- AND I WILL BE HEARD." WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON WROTE AN ABOLITIONIST NEWSPAPER, THE LIBERATOR, BELIEVED IN THE IMMEDIATE END TO SLAVERY stressed nonviolence and passive resistance 1832 he helped organize the New England Anti-Slavery Society, and, the following year, the American Anti- Slavery Society. Many Abolitionists were attacked in both the North and South
Famous Abolitionists… Frederick Douglasswas born a slave. He educated himself and ran away from slavery worked as an orator traveling to speak about the evils of slavery. Owner of newspaper The North Star Frederick Douglass
SOJOURNER TRUTH SLAVE UNTIL 1827 A STRONG SPEAKER message “SLAVES ARE NOT ANIMALS BUT HUMAN BEINGS.” She also spoke out for women’s rights “Ain’t I a woman”
Sarah and Angelina Grimke Southern sisters whose family owned a plantation Upon parents death they set their slaves free and wrote a book declaring slavery “anti-Christian” They moved North and began to speak out across the country against slavery.
Writes novel “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” Fictional account of slavery Extremely influential- bestselling novel ever, changed into a play and translated into many different languages. Harriet Beecher Stowe
“the Underground Railroad”the Underground Railroad HARRIET TUBMAN “Moses” How it works SERIES OF ROUTES TO THE NORTH AND CANADA PROVIDED FOOD AND SHELTER AT THE “STATIONS” ALONG THE WAY. Esp Quakers
Abolitionist Success after the Civil War (1865) 13th Amendment 14th Amendment 15th Amendment which abolished slavery which conferred citizenship and provided for due process rights which guaranteed the right to vote to adult males
(melody “3 blind mice”) All the slaves are free, after the civil war Citizens have equal protection, after the civil war Male citizens can go to the voting booth while women stay home to tend their brood Free Citizens Vote 13,14,15
Women’s Rights Movement Many women who were abolitionists (the Grimke sisters, Sojourner Truth) became leaders in the suffrage movement. Realized they needed more rights for women
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Lucretia C. Mott [SAM] early leaders of the women's rights movement StantonMottAnthony
Seneca Falls Convention Seneca Falls, New York Convention organized in 1848 to generate support for women’s suffrage. Issued the “Declaration of Sentiments” a Declaration of Independence for women!
Sponsorship for a women’s suffrage amendment to the U.S. Constitution in Congress began in 1878….. The amendment was reintroduced every year until Congress finally approved it in 1919. Making women the last group in the country to get their rights.
19 th Amendment Passed by Congress June 4, 1919. Ratified August 18, 1920 Women are given the right to vote June 4, 1919.
THE TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT AMELIA BLOOMER BEGAN THE TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT. HER GOAL WAS TO CURB (LESSEN) THE USE OF ALCOHOL.
WHY FIGHT ALCOHOL? MEN UNDER THE INFLUENCE TEND TO BE MORE VIOLENT AGAINST THEIR WIVES AND CHILDREN
THE 18 TH AMENDMENT PROHIBITION made it illegal to make, sell, or transport liquor in the United States! Alcohol consumption went down 20%! But enforcing this federal law proved to difficult and costly. Mobsters like Al Capone became wealthy selling alcohol on the “black market.”
21 st AMENDMENT 1933 REPEAL (to take away ) of PROHIBITION! ****The only time in US history an amendment was repealed!**** Consumption of and sale of alcohol was legal again The amendment was repealed in 1933.
HORACE MANN HORACE MANN BELIEVED THE ONLY WAY THE LOWER CLASSES COULD BETTER THEIR LIVES IN OUR SOCIETY WAS THROUGH FREE PUBLIC EDUCATION!
FREE PUBLIC EDUCATION!!! HORACE MANN – Known as the “Father of the Common School” because he… The earliest attempts to professionalize teaching first public schools in Massachusetts (Normal schools) The improvement of the quality of education offered in rural schools.
Dorothea Dix American reformer Dorothea Dix pushed for reform of prison inmates, the mentally ill need to be separated from other criminals
Dix went to teach prisoners to read at a local jail… Within the confines of this jail she observed…. When asked why the jail conditions were so bad, the answer she was given was that Horrified by the conditions provided for the mentally ill in Massachusetts prostitutes, drunks, criminals, mentally challenged individuals, and the seriously mentally ill all housed together in unheated, unfurnished, and foul- smelling quarters. “the insane do not feel heat or cold.” Dix successfully petitioned the state government for improvements in 1843. She was directly responsible for building or enlarging 32 mental hospitals in North America, Europe, and Japan.