Presentation on theme: "Bucharest, 17.01.2005 1 Towards FP 7 Preliminary orientations Ezio Andreta Director Industrial Technologies European Commission DG Research Disclaimer:"— Presentation transcript:
Bucharest, Towards FP 7 Preliminary orientations Ezio Andreta Director Industrial Technologies European Commission DG Research Disclaimer: Note that these slides are not legally binding and do not represent any commitment on behalf of the European Commission
Bucharest, Policy objectives: an increasing role for EU Research Objective Lisbon: to become the most dynamic and most competitive knowledge-based economy within 10 years Objective Göteborg: sustainable development (environment, health, economy, employment) European Research Area (ERA): …Integrating, reinforcing, structuring RTD capacities, improving coordination of policies, overcoming fragmentation of efforts… and stimulating investment in RTD (Barcelona target: 1,9% > 3,0% of GDP with 2/3 financed by private sector) and improved environment for exploitation and commercial developments
Bucharest, FP7- institutional debate: where are we? Transnational collaborative research remains the core activity of the FP and priority research topics identified on the basis of competitiveness and other Community policy objectives Emphasis on industry-driven character of Technology Initiatives Overall support to Basic research activities and to a possible new management mechanism to be set up (ERC?) Importance of attracting researchers to Europe Explore complementary funding mechanisms to support new infrastructures (not only up-grading/access) Improved procedures and management … Budget issue: still open….
Bucharest, Policy challenges and budgetary means of the Enlarged Union Three priorities for the next financial perspectives: - Sustainable development (competitiveness, cohesion and sustainable management and protection of natural resources) - EU citizenship (completion of an area of freedom, justice, security and access to basic public goods) - The EU as a global partner: its external relations Proposals for the next budgetary period : COM(2004) 101 – 26 February 2004 DRAFT
Bucharest, Institutional debate: key issues - RTD as a key element linking together competitiveness and knowledge as well as sustainability, i.e.: an important pillar of the Lisbon agenda - Significant increase proposed in RTD expenditure (double FP6 budget ??) - S&T excellence and equality of access: two fundamental criteria at EU level - EU added value of RTD expenditures in terms of critical mass (large RTD capacity needed and/or complementary knowledge and skills); fostering excellence; improve integration/coordination - Implementation modalities (simplification along the principle one instrument per policy, one fund per programme) Proposals for the next budgetary period : COM(2004) 101 – 26 February 2004
Bucharest, Experience with FP6 Very high level of response and participation 28,000 proposals and 150,000 institutions until now Budget fully committed Implementation is on track Approx. 250 Integrated Projects and Networks of Excellence to date – across all Thematic Priorities Issues: Oversubscription Participation of New Member States and ACC Industrial and SME involvement
Bucharest, Six major objectives: 1.Creating EU centres of excellence through collaboration between labs 2.Launching EU technological initiatives 3.Stimulating the creativity of basic research through competition between teams at EU level 4.Making EU more attractive for the best researchers 5.Developing research infrastructures 6.Improving the coordination of national research programmes Commission Communication on future research policy COM (2004) 353 – June 16, 2004
Bucharest, Commission Communication on future research policy COM (2004) 353 – June 16, 2004 Science and technology, the key to Europes future Two different open consultations have been launched: -A general one on COM 353: over 1700 replies; 97% in favour of stronger support to EU RTD -A more specific one aimed at identifying research themes in FP7. Specific contributions can be sent via the Europa web- site
Bucharest, Commission RTD policy proposals – key axes Collaborative research Basic research, competitive funding Technology initiatives Human resources Research infrastructures Coordination of national programmes 6 axes and two new research fields: space and security new
Bucharest, New approaches for FP7 European technology initiatives Launching public private partnerships for research in key technologies – strong industrial lead & impact Formation of technology platforms with key stakeholders (e.g. Sustainable Chemistry) Definition of strategic research agendas Implementation of research agendas (Technology Initiative) through : Support to collaborative research (e.g. Integrated Projects); or… …a limited number based on Article 171 ( joint undertakings - Council decision)
Bucharest, New approaches for FP 7 European Research Council A funding body with full autonomy, fully accountable Support top EU teams against strong competition Investigator-driven research (no pre-determined topics) All fields of science & the humanities Strict peer review – will drive up quality of EU science First proposed in 2002; the debate continues (via EURAB, ALLEA, EUROHORCS,…); now needs political commitment. Structure & organisation …to be agreed and decided.
Bucharest, Continuing and reinforcing activities in FP7 Collaborative research Creating European centres of excellence through collaboration between laboratories (universities, research centres and industries) Continuity with FP6, but with improvements, e.g. regarding instruments, procedures etc. Focused priorities Where European value added is greatest To support EU policy objectives
Bucharest, Coordination of programmes Improving the coordination of national and regional research programmes Reinforce ERA-Net scheme and extend funding to research activities Use of Article 169 ( … Member States can go it alone – but Co-decision needed, therefore potentially slow) Reinforce links with other European research organisations Continuing and reinforcing activities in FP7
Bucharest, Research infrastructures Developing research infrastructure in the European interest Continued support for transnational access, networking and improved performance Support to construction and operation of new infrastructures Role for European Strategic Forum for Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) Continuing and reinforcing activities in FP7
Bucharest, Human resources Making Europe more attractive for the best researchers Build on success of Marie Curie actions Trans-national, trans-sectoral, and industry-academia mobility Research careers and life-long learning International dimension Continuing and reinforcing activities in FP7
Bucharest, Meanwhile… Where is the industrial world going ?...
Bucharest, Manufacturing technologies: a new focus on needs Evolution of demand for – and response of – industrial research
Bucharest, The rise of the creative class Creativity has been a fundamental strategic issue in the last 50 years. Today it is not only a key issue for enterprises and economic development but also for all aspects of our lives. Therefore a creative class has been born
Bucharest, A changed Europe One of the major changes in Europe is the Enlargement – extension of the the EUs geographical borders : this new scenario presents increasing challenges, complexity in all the aspects related to the industrial and RTD world.
Bucharest, Competitiveness How competitiveness has changed ? New players are revolutionising again the global scenario we live in. In this revolution Asian Countries are at the centre of a geographical battlefield : especially China.
Bucharest, Enterprises in Europe Enterprises in Europe are mainly SMEs: typically they change slowly and do not always have a strategic international long term view. The Commission will continue to support strategic SMEs through special funds and special programmes.
Bucharest, OLD Compact enterprise Production chain Mass production Quantity driven Resource-intensive Production driven Linear approach (Taylorism in production) NEW Extended enterprise Network of suppliers Focus to added value Quality driven Brain intensive Demand driven Simultaneous approach …Transforming industry
Bucharest, Transition from a « traditional economy » based on traditional resources to a new economy based on knowledge The triplet « land – labour - capital » is replaced by knowledge – capital …this implies moving from an economy of quantity to an economy of quality, from an economy of use and waste to a sustainable economy
Bucharest, Novel activities and the new generation of high-tech industries are showing up on the market The shift from labour-intensive to brain–intensive operations modifies jobs and skills required
Bucharest, SIX MAIN CHANGES: From linearity to complexity From individual to system competitiveness From resources-based to knowledge-based economy From macro to micro From top down to bottom up production systems From mono-disciplinarity to trans-disciplinarity and multi-disciplinarity
Bucharest, A Competitive R&D System Industries Universities Research inst. Finance Policy makers Ethics, health & safety Information + dialogue Acceptance Interdisciplinarity Entrepreneurship Fiscality Finance Patents, IPRs Norms/regulations Administrative rules Demand Main challenges
Bucharest, Institutional adaptation: The Constitution for Europe Section 9 – Research and Technological Development and Space – Art. III-248 The Union shall aim to strengthen its scientific and technological bases by achieving a European research area in which researchers, scientific knowledge and technology circulate freely, and encourage it to become more competitive, including in its industry, while promoting all the research activities deemed necessary by virtue of other Chapters of the Constitution
Bucharest, Conclusions Creativity is a decisive source of competitive advantage. Creativity is multidimensional and it appears in many pervasive forms. It is also the most highly prized commodity. Today it is also a characteristic of geographical places. In the age of technology geography is not dead : high tech firms concentrate where highly creative people like to live. For this reasons it is important that countries and regions to support creativity stimulating at all levels a high quality of life.
Janez Potocnick RTD Commissioner mid term review of Lisbon strategies 10 Dec ….We want a Europe (in which) our best and possibly unique factor of competitiveness and prosperity (is) the creativity of our citizens….Not only the brains of our elites but the creativity and the participation of all our citizens…. ».