Strategies for Textbook Reading Chapter 1
SQ3R A Reading -Study Strategy
Survey Question Read Recite Review
Step One -- Survey To survey the chapter means to preview the chapter before you read it. The Three Goals of Surveying – to get A general overview A feeling for the writer’s style and organization A sense of what’s important An idea of the chapter’s natural breaks or divisions
How to Survey (7 steps) Read the title
Read any introductory material. Pay attention to chapter outlines, lists of questions, goals, and objectives. 3. Formulate a general question about the chapter’s overall point or points. 4. Read each heading and the first sentence following each heading.
Survey -- 7 Steps (continued)
5. Look at all visual aids. Read all captions and explanations accompanying the graphics. 6. Read all bold-printed or italicized words and words in the margins. 7. Read end-of-the-chapter summaries and questions, or read the last page if there is no summary.
Why Survey? Get the big picture Decide what’s important
Know the main points Connect what you already know to what you don’t know Prepare to read
Step Two -- Question Turn chapter headings/subheadings into questions to guide your reading Ask what? Ask who? Ask why? Ask how? Where? and when? questions give you a very limited answer.
Example Heading: Language Symbolizes Reality
Ask: What does it mean to say language symbolizes reality? How does the nature of language affect our verbal messages? Why does language symbolize reality?
Why Question Stay focused Gives purpose Creates interest
Step Three -- Read Never study read without a highlighter and pencil in your hand. Read to answer your guide questions for each section and subsection. Rereading is common. Read every word. Underline and/or highlight. Be selective. Underline/highlight only the words and phrases you need. When you go back and reread your underlining or highlighting, the text should have meaning.
Read (continued) Make notes in the margins.
Mark important text items such as dates, names, concepts, and key points. Use circles, stars, arrows, numbers. Your goal is to read the chapter thoroughly only once.
Why Read To gain information To prepare for lecture
To prepare for discussion To prepare for tests
Vary Your Reading Rate Adjust the speed with which you read!
Don’t be afraid to SLOW DOWN if the text becomes difficult Reading Rates include: Scanning Skimming Study Reading Close or Analytical Reading
Step Four -- Recite To recite means to say something out loud.
After each section, stop and test your comprehension Recite the answers to your guide questions Write out your own answers Put it in your own words Write a summary or create an outline Write notes (in book or on paper) Create 3x5 (or 4x6) cards
Why Recite? Improves concentration Helps you remember the material
When to Recite? Immediately after reading each section
Review – after reading Look at the headings and see what you can remember about each one Skim over your underlined/highligthed words Add margin notes and markings Before tests MAKE AN INFORMAL OUTLINE! (See page 19 in RFR for an example)
Be selective Highlight/underline key points Highlight/underline just enough to use as review According to procrastination expert Neil Fiore, Ph.D., fear of failure is the main reason why people postpone the inevitable. Thus, procrastinators delay because of their anxiety about not having the required skills, or knowledge to complete the task at hand. They would rather fail to try rather than be exposed as stupid or incapable.
Writing in the margins Summarize key points
Compare opposing points of view Cite your own personal experience Jot down potential test questions. Broca’s area – located in left frontal region. The first is Broca’s area, located in the left frontal region near the motor cortex. Patients who have damage in this area …etc. Wernicke’s area, is in the temporal region of the left hemisphere … etc. Wernicke’s area – located in temporal region.
Strategies for remembering new words
Circle new words in the book(s) you are reading Write the word in your Vocabulary Journal (and look up the meaning) Create a visual image of the word Monarchy means “rule by one person” Imagine someone wearing a crown & sitting on a throne Incorporate the new words into your s or conversations USE IT OR LOSE IT!
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