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Maps and their Uses Exploring Past Localities Richard Haddlesey 11/02/2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Maps and their Uses Exploring Past Localities Richard Haddlesey 11/02/2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Maps and their Uses Exploring Past Localities Richard Haddlesey 11/02/2008

2 Lecture plan Why use maps? What are their uses? Why use maps? What are their uses? Purpose of Maps Purpose of Maps Important periods when town plans were produced Important periods when town plans were produced Uses and Caveats Uses and Caveats Types of Maps Types of Maps

3 Why use Maps and Plans? Get basic idea of where a place is! Get basic idea of where a place is! A series of maps can show change A series of maps can show change Walls added or demolished Walls added or demolished Street numbering? Street numbering? Subtle changes (e.g. pub names, use) Subtle changes (e.g. pub names, use) Clustering (building types, dates, ownership –etc) Clustering (building types, dates, ownership –etc) Uses (barn conversion, house/shop) Uses (barn conversion, house/shop) Caveats Caveats Accuracy decreases the further back in time the map was produced Accuracy decreases the further back in time the map was produced May represent original ideas rather than finished buildings May represent original ideas rather than finished buildings Must remember original use of specific map or plan Must remember original use of specific map or plan

4 Early Hampshire and Winchester maps (late 16th/ early 17thCs) Saxton, Norton, Drayton, Ogilby Saxton, Norton, Drayton, Ogilby John Speed s Map of 1616 John Speed s Map of 1616 William Godson s Map of 1750 William Godson s Map of 1750 Cole s Map of 1805 Cole s Map of 1805 Gale s Map of 1836 Gale s Map of 1836

5 Types of maps Terriers Terriers Thematic Maps Thematic Maps Invented Maps Invented Maps Leasehold Maps Leasehold Maps Sales Particulars Sales Particulars Architects/Building Control Plans (planning permission) Architects/Building Control Plans (planning permission) Deposited Plans of railways (not illustrated) Deposited Plans of railways (not illustrated) Digital Mapping (GIS, GPS, LiDAR) Digital Mapping (GIS, GPS, LiDAR) Environment Agency / Utilities Environment Agency / Utilities

6 Purpose of maps: context Geoffrey of Monmouth c.1400

7 Early Hampshire Map: Christopher Saxton (1543-c.1610) 1575

8 John Norden (born c.1540) 1595 1607

9 John Speed Possibly most famous of all English map- makers. Possibly most famous of all English map- makers. Author of most important, and prestigious atlas of his day Author of most important, and prestigious atlas of his day Best known for the Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine Best known for the Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine Also produced the first map of Winchester (although not to scale) Also produced the first map of Winchester (although not to scale)

10 John Speed (1552-1629)

11 Speeds Winchester, c. 1611

12 Michael Drayton, 1613

13 John Ogilby 1675

14 Kitchen 1751

15 Pre-Ordnance Survey maps Many other early maps of Hampshire Many other early maps of Hampshire Michael Drayton, 1613 Michael Drayton, 1613 Blaeu 1645 Blaeu 1645 Jansson 1646 Jansson 1646 Blome 1673 Blome 1673 Ogilby 1675 Ogilby 1675 Morden 1695 Morden 1695 Kitchin 1751 Kitchin 1751 Harrison 1788 Harrison 1788

16 Uses and Caveats Street plan Street plan Siting of town walls Siting of town walls Town gates Town gates Siting of then extant churches & buildings Siting of then extant churches & buildings Extent of suburban development Extent of suburban development MAP REGRESSION MAP REGRESSION Certain features may be exaggerated Amount of open space often reduced to make way for enlarged depiction of buildings No. of houses lining streets rarely accurate DONT expect to be able to locate your property on Speeds map of Winchester! Sometimes inaccurate depiction of buildings & spelling of street names

17 Godsons Map of Winchester, 1750

18 Eastgate House Winchester c.1748

19 Milne 1791

20 Coles Map of Winchester,1805

21 OS map 1810

22 Greenwood 1826

23 1846 Medecroft 1948194919431949 19431949

24 A Winchester Terrier

25 Thematic Maps http://landuse.edina.ac.uk/

26 Using map layers

27

28 (Chapman, 2006) aiding landscape perceptions

29 1872-4 OS Map

30 1910

31 The Hampshire Record Office holds reproductions of the first edition 1 inch OS maps for Hampshire (1810-17) in The Old Series Ordnance Survey Maps of England and Wales vol. III : South Central England (Harry Margary, 1981) The Hampshire Record Office holds reproductions of the first edition 1 inch OS maps for Hampshire (1810-17) in The Old Series Ordnance Survey Maps of England and Wales vol. III : South Central England (Harry Margary, 1981) It also holds maps at the large scale of 50 inches to the mile, including a full set of Winchester, c1870 It also holds maps at the large scale of 50 inches to the mile, including a full set of Winchester, c1870

32 Keenes Medieval Work: Regression

33 Leasehold Property Map

34 Sales Particulars Map

35 Other useful maps/ plans are listed at: http://www.hants.gov.uk/record- office/maps/building.html http://www.hants.gov.uk/record- office/maps/building.html East elevation of the Corn Exchange, Winchester, drawn by Owen B Carter, 1836 W/J2/12

36 Some Winchester work to look at All doctoral theses: All doctoral theses: Winchester houses and people c.1650-c.1710 : a study based on probate inventory evidence by Michael May (1998) Winchester houses and people c.1650-c.1710 : a study based on probate inventory evidence by Michael May (1998) A railway revolution? : a census-based analysis of the economic, social and topographical effects of the coming of the railway upon the city of Winchester c.1830-c.1890 by Mark Allen (1999) A railway revolution? : a census-based analysis of the economic, social and topographical effects of the coming of the railway upon the city of Winchester c.1830-c.1890 by Mark Allen (1999) An urban study of central Winchester applying GIS methodology to twentieth century directory and complementary sources by Craig Pinhorne (2001) An urban study of central Winchester applying GIS methodology to twentieth century directory and complementary sources by Craig Pinhorne (2001) Aspects of the development of Winchester's High Street 1550-2000, with special reference to the period since 1750, by Justine Cooper (2001) Aspects of the development of Winchester's High Street 1550-2000, with special reference to the period since 1750, by Justine Cooper (2001)

37 A task Look at the maps Ive brought in Look at the maps Ive brought in I want you to do some map regression on the site of the WORKHOUSE I want you to do some map regression on the site of the WORKHOUSE What was there originally? What was there originally? When did the workhouse first appear? When did the workhouse first appear? What changes over time? What changes over time? What do the maps tell us before we start looking at documentary sources? What do the maps tell us before we start looking at documentary sources?

38 Useful websites http://edina.ac.uk/maps/ (Largest collection of geo- referenced maps (via HE subscription)) http://edina.ac.uk/maps/ (Largest collection of geo- referenced maps (via HE subscription)) http://edina.ac.uk/maps/ http://website.lineone.net/~hantshistory/maps.html http://website.lineone.net/~hantshistory/maps.html http://website.lineone.net/~hantshistory/maps.html (Hampshire Family History: Maps) (Hampshire Family History: Maps) http://www.geog.port.ac.uk/webmap/hantsmap/hantsm ap/hantsmap.htm http://www.geog.port.ac.uk/webmap/hantsmap/hantsm ap/hantsmap.htm http://www.geog.port.ac.uk/webmap/hantsmap/hantsm ap/hantsmap.htm http://www.geog.port.ac.uk/webmap/hantsmap/hantsm ap/hantsmap.htm (Old Hampshire Mapped) www.old-maps.co.uk www.old-maps.co.uk www.old-maps.co.uk (1872-4 OS Map of Winchester – search & follow the links) (1872-4 OS Map of Winchester – search & follow the links)


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