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Development of buildings archaeology The move from digging the past to the study of the built environment Moving our understanding forward © Richard Haddlesey.

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Presentation on theme: "Development of buildings archaeology The move from digging the past to the study of the built environment Moving our understanding forward © Richard Haddlesey."— Presentation transcript:

1 Development of buildings archaeology The move from digging the past to the study of the built environment Moving our understanding forward © Richard Haddlesey

2 Background pre 1970 RCHME 1908 World Wars Town and Country Planning Acts of 1944, 1947 and 1968 Architectural history Ecclesiastical, seigniorial and polite structures C Fox and Lord Raglan, N Pevsner and M Wood W. G. Hoskins and W Pantin

3 Background pre 1970 Wharram Percy D.M.V Historian - M Beresford Archaeologist - J Hurst Later C Dyer Localised study Why did a whole village disappear?

4 Background c1965 – 1980s Move toward Processual Archaeology Chronologies – typologies Regional variations Classifications All data driven C Hewett, R. W. Brunskill, R Harris Vernacular?

5 Background 1980s-1990s Post-Processual Archaeology Birth of Buildings Archaeology 1993 (Morriss 2000) Dendrochronolgy Social and economic variables Wider implications/subjects Diffusionism C Dyer, M Johnson, T James, E Roberts and S Pearson

6 NOW Cognitive Archaeology Understanding the why? Digital Archaeology Mobile Archaeology / Geophysics Holistic approach Immersive Virtual technologies Solid Dendrochronolgies Media driven - Time Team, etc M Johnson, C Dyer, D Miles, R Morriss and R Samson

7 Whittlewood Project Prof C Dyer km² Communal landscape management study Holistic approach Public involvement No chronological boundaries Full digital archive

8 History of computing and archaeological theory DateArchaeological School Types of theories and problems Computing machines – hardware and software Subjects of use Pre- 1930Natural observationDescriptiveCalculating machinesStatistical analysis Cultural historyTemporal and geographic gapsmanship as well as reconstructive Mainframes, Fortran, Cobol Statistical analysis, data storage and manipulation ProcessualSystematic, hypothetical, nomethetic, behavioural, group oriented Minis Vaxs, PC, Pascal, C, Basic Causation, modelling, simulation, GIS Post-processualIndividual, interpretivePCs, C++, PrologExpert systems, non- causative, AI, field use, GIS 1990-CognitiveIndividual, experimental and hypothetical, reconstructive Workstations, PCs, parallel processing, supercomputing, visual basic, numerous specialised languages AI, GIS, individual modelling, visualisation, webography (Zubrow 2006)

9 Cognitive Archaeology the study of past ways of thought from material remains (Renfrew & Bahn 2000) To try understand how people thought about and engaged with their environment

10 Cognitive Archaeology

11 By using digital archaeology to recreate virtual worlds By using –Desktop publishing / WWW –GIS –Computer Aided Design (CAD) –Virtual Reality

12 Desktop publishing

13

14 Geographical Information Systems (GIS) ArcGIS 9

15 Autodesk-AutoCAD

16 Autodesk – 3d Studio Max

17

18 Buildings Archaeology 12 th C Lap-joint

19 Buildings Archaeology 13 th C Lap-joint

20 Buildings Archaeology 12 th C Scarf joint

21 Buildings Archaeology 13 th C Scarf joint

22 Buildings Archaeology 14 th C Scarf joint

23 Buildings Archaeology

24 Disseminating Digital Archaeology

25 Digital Archaeology in the Media Virtual tours

26 Digital Archaeology in the Media

27 Key texts Daly, P. & Evans, T. (eds.), (2006). Digital Archaeology: Bridging Method and Theory, London: Routledge. Dibble, H. & McPherron, S., Using Computers in Archaeology: A Practical Guide, USA: McGraw-Hill. Gerrard, C., Medieval Archaeology: Understanding Traditions and Contemporary Approaches, London: Routledge. Earl, G. & Goodrick, G., A manufactured past: virtual reality in archaeology. (April 2005)http://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue15/2/toc.html Johnson, M., Archaeological Theory: An Introduction, London: Blackwell. Renfrew, C. & Bahn, P., Archaeology: Theories Methods and Practice, London: Thames & Hudson. Zubrow, E., (2006). Digital Archaeology: A Historical Context, in Digital Archaeology: Bridging Method and Theory, eds. P. Daly & T. Evans London: Routledge,

28 Contact


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