Presentation on theme: "Data Collection at the EU level Conference ‘Sharing Best Practices in Harmonised Data Collection on Trafficking in Human Beings’ 26 March 2013, Bratislava,"— Presentation transcript:
Data Collection at the EU level Conference ‘Sharing Best Practices in Harmonised Data Collection on Trafficking in Human Beings’ 26 March 2013, Bratislava, Slovakia
Directive 2011/36/EU To be transposed by MS by 6 th April 2013 (Article 22 Directive) Meanwhile the Commission launched the Informal Contact Group on the Directive to create a platform for informal discussions with Member States 3 meetings in 2012 and 2013: 24 April 2012, 22 October 2012 and 31 January 2013
PRIORITY A: Identifying, protecting and assisting victims of trafficking Action 4: Information on all the Rights of Victims: need to provide clear, user-friendly, complete and consistent information COM will present overview of rights under EU law in April MS should work on similar overview of rights at national level EU Strategy towards Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings
EU Civil Society Platform on THB Action based on the EU Strategy Civil society organisations working on THB are invited to attend a first meeting of the Platform which is scheduled for 31 May Call for interest was published on 7 March and deadline for applications is 3 April 2013, 17:00pm First meeting will gather about 100 civil society organisations from all Member States
Data collection: history The need to develop statistics on crime and criminal justice has long been recognised by the EU and its MS: 'Developing a comprehensive and coherent strategy to measure crime and criminal justice' (2006): priority areas money laundering and THB Directive 2011/36/EU 'Measuring crimes in the EU' (2012) EU Strategy and Council Conclusions (2012)
Background / procedures June 2011: DG HOME presented the list of indicators to the WG of Eurostat September 2011: Eurostat launched the data collection Participants: EU MS, Candidate and Potential Candidate, EFTA/EEA countries Reference period: 2008, 2009 and 2010 Document attached: Guidelines, Template excel file, List of national rapporteurs or equivalent mechanisms, Template metadata and Eurostat Country codes
Background / procedures October 2011: Deadlines for replies December 2011: 19 MS provided data January – May 2012: most countries provided some data July 2012: queries and tables sent to countries for validation
Background / procedures July – September 2012: countries provided additional data and/or made substantial changes to the data previously provided September – October 2012: revision of the tables for publication Publication planned for April 2013.
Indicators (1) 1.Information on victims (identified and presumed) 1.1 victims by registering organisation (by gender and age) 1.2 victims by form of exploitation (by gender) 1.3 victims by citizenship (top 10 countries) 1.4 victims by country of recruitment (top 10 countries) 1.5 victims by assistance and protection: received assistance, reflection period and residence permit (by gender)
Indicators (2) 2. Police data on suspected traffickers 2.1 suspected traffickers by citizenship (top 10, by gender) 2.2 suspected traffickers by form of exploitation 2.3 suspected traffickers involved in organised crime
Indicators (3) 3. data on prosecuted traffickers 3.1 prosecuted traffickers by citizenship (top 10, by gender) 3.2 prosecuted traffickers by form of exploitation 3.3 final decisions by the prosecution services (for THB)
Indicators (4) 4. Court data on convicted traffickers 4.1 of convicted traffickers (by gender) 4.2 of convicted traffickers by form of exploitation
Replies (general overview) All EU MS replied, but not all MS provided data for all indicators for the three reference years Participating non EU countries: Croatia, Iceland, Montenegro, Serbia, Switzerland, Norway and Turkey The quantity and quality of data increased per reference year Police and court data seemed easier to provide than data on victims
challenges on some indicators Number of victims by country of recruitment Number of convicted traffickers by form of exploitation (13 MS) Number of suspected traffickers involved in organised crime (8 MS)
Some of the findings (1) Police is principal source of information on identified and presumed victims (19 MS), followed by NGOs (9 MS), immigration (3 MS) and others (10 MS) Total number of identified and presumed victims increased from 6,309 in 2008 to 9,528 in 2010 Gender and age of victims: 68% women, 17% men, 12% girls and 3% boys Victims for sexual exploitation 62%, labour exploitation 25% and other 14%.
Some of the findings (2) Majority of victims are from EU MS (61%), Africa 14%, Asia 6% and Central and latin America 5% Non EU victims increased: male victims from 12% in 2008 to 37% in 2010 and female victims from 18 % in 2008 to 39% in 2010 Most EU victims are from Romania and Bulgaria Most non EU victims are from Nigeria and China
Some of the findings (3) 17 % decrease of suspected traffickers from 2008-2010 73 % of suspected traffickers are male Over the 3 years, 85 % suspected traffickers for sexual exploitation, 12 % for labour exploitation and 3 % others. Number of convictions decreased from 1,534 in 2008 to 1,339 in 2010.
Future Continued Commission funding for projects on improving collection of data in MS EU Strategy: develop an EU-wide system for the collection and publication of data broken down according to age and gender follow-up initiative covering the years 2011 and 2012, results expected in 2014