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Capacity Building for Knowledge Transfer & Globalization Professor Dennis Anderson, Ph.D. May 11, 2010 Istanbul, Turkey European Regional Economic Forum.

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Presentation on theme: "Capacity Building for Knowledge Transfer & Globalization Professor Dennis Anderson, Ph.D. May 11, 2010 Istanbul, Turkey European Regional Economic Forum."— Presentation transcript:

1 Capacity Building for Knowledge Transfer & Globalization Professor Dennis Anderson, Ph.D. May 11, 2010 Istanbul, Turkey European Regional Economic Forum (EREF) 2010 Workshop on Knowledge Transfer for Development Circulation of Scientific Talent and Communication with Diasporas

2 2 About Me Professor of Business and Information Technology, Pace University, USA Fulbright Scholar High-level Adviser, United Nations Global Alliance for ICT & Development; advised UNFPA, UNDP, UNESCO, UNECA on Sustainability, PPP, e- Government, ICT Adviser, Various organizations including CIO, Computerworld, Microsoft, International Commission on Workforce Development Judge, World Summit Awards, CIO 100, Imagine Cup, Computerworld Honors, Emmy Awards for Advanced Technology

3 3 Agenda Knowledge Transfer Challenges Globalization World Economic Crisis Inward vs. Outward Innovation – Thinking outside the box Summary

4 4 Knowledge Transfer Knowledge A (more than know-how) Knowledge Parallel, A A Morphing, A B C Transformation, A C New, A X Process Holder: Experts, Individuals, Organizations Receiver: Experts, Individuals, Organizations R&D Knowledge Incubation Strategy Investment 4

5 Knowledge Transfer Ecosystem – National Model (US) University, Graduate programs, Training, R&D Labs Startup, Commercialization Government Funding Agencies, NIH, NSF Incubator Accelerator PPP, Government Economic Development, Private Funding Corporate Labs Xerox, MSR National Strategy Jobs Economic Growth 5

6 6 Challenges Setting a national strategy on knowledge economy (this may mean a shift in priority; everything worked for many years and why change now?) R&D is a major investment commitment and often ROI is not measurable or uncertain, NSF's FY 2011 Budget Request is $7.4 billion Knowledge for knowledge sake (basic research) may not stimulate economic activities Without R&D investment, it is hard to stay competitive (IP) Creating an environment for knowledge transfer within the country (intra governments, vertical and horizontal industries, universities to startups) Nurturing and placing knowledge experts and workers (unrealized human capital) Global competition for knowledge experts and workers Stagnant educational system, lack of reform 6

7 7 Globalization Flat world Economic opportunity Educational opportunity Freedom to think

8 8 Drivers Better economical and educational opportunities Brain draining (China, Russia, India US and EU, Google, Yahoo, Intel) Stimulation Diversity Density of knowledge experts Motivation Autonomy

9 9 World Economic Crisis Uncertainty Lack of funding (less investment in human capital, R&D, education and training, etc.) Lack of economic opportunities, Xenophobia, Reverse brain draining (US India, China)

10 10 Inward vs. Outward Invest at home (capacity building) Import, incentive programs

11 11 Inward vs. Outward Invest at home – –Too expensive – –Not enough time – –Lack of diversity (idea/thinking) – –Not enough knowledge workers and experts – –Inadequate educational system – –Not enough funding – –Monolithic culture Import, incentive program – –Buy what you want (researchers, leaders (Google, Yahoo, KAIST), technologies, etc.) – –Instant R&D programs or Hubs (Singapore, Korea, Belgium, Ireland, Dubai, India, Philippines) – –Expensive ($350 m - McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT, Multibillion $ - Singapores Biopolis and Fusionopolis) – –Retention – –Unclear about sustainability

12 12 Innovation – Think outside the box Boxes CANNOT Culture Status quo Educational method Language $ Hierarchy Resources Problem SW OT Innovative Solution, Product CAN

13 13 Summary Knowledge transfer is an ongoing challenge National strategy could help deal with this challenge Invest at home and encourage experts to relocate Create a free thinking environment (what is possible vs. what you can do)

14 14 Cases India (poverty, lack of economic or educational opportunity, BPO) China (poverty, manufacturing) Korea (export dependent) Singapore (science & technology investment) Ireland (information technology) Developed counties (knowledge based, aging population in EU, new technology, Japan) USA (knowledge based, services, new technology)

15 Source: 15 Contact Information Dennis Anderson, Ph.D. New York, NY USA


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