8 Types of Nouns Nouns that describe individual things SingularPluralNouns that describe individual thingsNouns that describe multiple things
9 Find nouns, Pronouns & adjectives Then a malevolent premonition dissuaded her and darkened her mind.ADV.ADJ.N.V.PRON.CONJ.V.ADJ.N.
10 A word that takes the place of a noun. Pronouns make language fast.
11 The noun the pronoun replaces. AntecedentThe noun the pronoun replaces.Ms. Steinmann went to New York where Ms. Steinmann went to the opera.Ms. Steinmann went to New York where she went to the opera.
12 Pronoun Non-Specificity Pronouns are NOT specific!They are general.The pronoun he refers equally to all male organisms in the world.This ambiguity cause problems when we try to force pronouns – against their universal nature – to stick to a single reference.
13 I, you, he, she, it, we, you, and they. Subject pronounsI, you, he, she, it, we, you, and they.Example of the nominative/subject case: “She and I went to the cathedral.”
14 Me, you, him, her, it, us, you, and them. OBJECT pronounsMe, you, him, her, it, us, you, and them.Example of the object case: “The present was for him and me.”
15 E.g., my, your, his, her, its, our, and their. Possessive pronounsA pronoun that shows possession – used as a pronoun and as an adjective in order to indicate ownership or possession.E.g., my, your, his, her, its, our, and their.NO APOSTROPHES NEEDED! (it’s = it is.)“The dog found its doghouse.”
16 Types of Pronouns A pronoun used to interrogate InterrogativeDemonstrativeA pronoun used to interrogateWhoWhoseWhomWhichWhat“Who went to the piazza?”A pronoun used to demonstrateThisThatTheseThose“This is the dog I wish you to paint”
17 Types of PronounsRelativeReflexiveA pronoun that relates an adjective clause to a main clauseWhoWhoseWhomWhichThat“The man who followed you turned left.”A –self or –selves pronoun that reflects back to a word used previously in the sentence.“I found myself awash on a strange beach”
18 Types of PronounsIndefiniteIntensiveGeneral pronouns that do not have definite antecedentsAnyoneAnybodyEachAll“Does anyone have a pencil I can borrow?”A –self or –selves pronoun that is used to intensify the emphasis on a noun or another pronoun.“I myself agree with that idea.”
19 Common pronoun mistakes Pronoun Reference Problems – make sure it is clear what the pronoun replaces!Everyone is singular! “Someone lost his pliers” (not “someone lost their pliers.”)Compound Gender Solution: “Someone dropped his or her pencil.”Missing antecedents – need to know who he/she is.Ambiguous References – two or more possible nouns to which the prounoun might refer.
20 A word that modifies a noun or pronoun. AdjectiveA word that modifies a noun or pronoun.
21 Adjectives are Binary An adjective cannot exist without a noun!
22 Three Degrees of Adjectives PositiveComparativeSuperlativeGoodBetterBestHotHotterHottestColdColderColdest
23 Proper Adjectives are made out of Proper Nouns England = EnglishRome = RomanSpain = SpanishIn south Florida, Spanish moss hangs from the trees.
24 Indefinite articles: A & AN The three adjectives:a,an,the.Definite article: THEIndefinite articles: A & AN
25 Good = adjective to modify nouns or pronouns. Good or WeLL?Good = adjective to modify nouns or pronouns.Well = an adverb that modifies verbs, adjectives or other adverbs.The _________________ athlete runs ________________.GOODWELL
26 Find nouns, Pronouns & adjectives He had a long chin and big, rather prominent teeth.PRON.V.ADJADJN.CONJ.ADJ.ADV.ADJ.N.
27 Works CitedCollective Noun Series:Thompson, Michael Clay. The Magic Lens. Unionville, NY: Royal Fireworks, Print.