3 When was Ella Fitzgerald born? What year did Ella die? Where did Ella first perform?What was the name of Ella’s mentor & close friend in the music business?What new form of singing did Ella experiment with?When was Ella inducted into the Down Beat Magazine Hall of Fame?What surgery did Ella undergo in 1986?Where did Ella give her last concert?How many albums had Ella recorded in her life by 1990?What year did Ella die?
4 Early Childhood Born- April 25, 1917 Newport News, Va. Moved to Yonkers, N. Y. with mother, Tempie, boyfriend Joseph Da Silva, & half-sister, Frances
5 Adolescent Years 1932- Tempie died from car crash injuries Soon after, Joe died from a heart attackElla and Frances go to live with their Aunt Virginia
6 Sent to reform school Life was unbearable Suffered beatings from teachersFinally escaped at age 15, only to find herself broke and alone
7 Career Beginnings1934- Drawn out of a hat to perform at Amateur Night at the Apollo“Judy”In 1935, Ella won the opportunity to perform at the Harlem Opera House with the Tiny Bradshaw band
8 Ella’s Career Ella recorded “Love and Kisses” in 1936 Performed in Harlem’s Savoy Ballroom regularlyThe era of big swing bands was changing, focus turned more towards bebop
9 AccomplishmentsIn 1979, Ella was inducted into the Down Beat magazine Hall of FameReceived Kennedy Center Honors for her contributions to the artsShe also won many Grammy Awards for her vocal performances
10 President Ronald Reagan awarded Ella the National Medal of Arts in 1987 She received the Commander of Arts and Letters award from France several years laterYale, Dartmouth and other universities gave Ella honorary doctorates
11 Ella’s Career Comes to a Close Ella underwent quintuple coronary bypass surgery in September of 1986She also had a valve in her heart replaced and was diagnosed with diabetesEveryone said she’d never sing againShe proved them wrong
12 200 albums by 1990Last performance at Carnegie Hall in 1991
13 Ella’s Legacy On June 15, 1996, died at home in Beverly Hills buried in "Sanctuary of the Bells” in Inglewood Park Cemetery
16 When did Louis die? Where was Louis Armstrong born? Why was Louis sent to the Colored Waif’s Home for Boys?How many wives did Louis have throughout his lifetime?What band did Louis move to Chicago to, to play for in 1922?In what year did Louis appear in his first movie?What year did Louis record “What a Wonderful World” in?Throughout his life, how many movies did Louis appear in?How many concerts did Louis perform a year?When did Louis die?
17 Early Childhood Born- August 4, 1901 New Orleans, Louisiana Father, William, left while Louis was a babyLived with mother Mary Ann (Mayann), grandmother Josephine, and sister Mama Lucy (Beatrice)Extremely poor
18 Adolescent Years 1912- Fires a pistol at New Year’s Eve party : Sent to the Colored Waif’s Home for BoysReceives musical instruction from band director Peter DavisBecomes leader of the Home Band
19 Louis’s Career Beginning : Joe Oliver becomes Louis’ mentor & perform around New Orleans1918- Marries Daisy ParkerBecomes member of the Kid Ory Band the same year
20 Louis’s Career November 1925- moves back to Chicago & starts own group Louis Armstrong and His Hot FiveRecords “West End Blues” on June 28, 1928One of the most famous early jazz recordings
21 Louis Goes International 1933- Louis tours EuropeLives in Paris, France for much of 1934Returns to the U.S. in 1935Marries Alpha Smith in 1938
22 Louis’s Career Escalates 1947- Louis performs in Carnegie Hall1948- Appears at the first international jazz festivalFrom , Louis tours the world including places like:Switzerland, Italy, Japan, Canada, Germany, Belgium, and Hawaii1957- Records second album with Ella Fitzgerald
23 Accomplishments By end of career: Recorded five decades worth of hits Appeared in over 30 filmsAppeared in various Broadway performancesPerformed an average of 300 concerts every yearRecorded dozens of songs that became jazz standardsAppeared on dozens of television shows
24 Louis’s LegacyLouis Armstrong died on July 6, in his sleep at his home in Corona, QueensHe is thought of as the most influential person in jazz history in both vocal and instrumental music
28 Similarities Lacked father figures The police Musicality. Passion for music.Equal treatment of all peopleCompanyWorked with each other
29 Songs“A-Tiskit, A-Tasket” and “What a Wonderful World”1st celebritiesGreat leaders.Determination, strong will, innovativeness, joy and passionDreams come true.Many great successes throughout their lifetimes
30 Differences Country & time period Early 1900s- poor neighborhood of New Orleans1920s- Virginia.
31 Pioneered different fields of the industry. Voice- intuitiveScat & be-bop eraCornetExtended solo“The First Lady of Song”“The Great Satchmo”
33 Louis Armstrong Pioneered new styles of playing Changed the perspective people had of jazz musicMusicians mimicked styleInspired many future jazz artists, one of which was Ella Fitzgerald.Revolutionized whole music world.
34 ReferencesThe jazz age: The 20s. (2000). Alexandria, VA: Time Life Inc.Louis Armstrong House & Archives. (2003). Satchmo.net: The official site of the Lous Armstrong house & archives. Retrieved August 23, 2008, from Queens College Web site:The offical website of Ella Fitzgerald. (n.d.). Retrieved August 23, 2008, fromParabrisas. (n.d.). Ella Fitzgerald. In Solid! Retrieved August 23, 2008, fromPBS. (n.d.). American masters: Louis Armstrong. Retrieved August 23, 2008, fromUlanov, B. (1957). A History of Jazz in America. New York: The Viking Press.