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Copyright © 2007 Japan Network Information Center Distribution of the last piece IPv4 address block in APNIC region Japan Network Information Center Izumi Okutani APNIC25 Feb 2008 Taipei
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 1 Introduction This presentation discusses possible ways to distribute the last piece(s) of APNIC block to address issues at the time of IPv4 address exhaustion They are listed as very rough ideas and feedbacks for improvements or suggestions of a new method is welcome
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 2 Relation with prop-0057 Defining the distribution of the last piece of IANA block prop-0057 Defining the distribution of the last piece of APNIC block This presentation
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 3 Background Although IPv6 is available as an alternative address space after IPv4 exhaustion, majority of the Internet is still based on IPv4 As not all networks will switch to IPv6 immediately, ensuring access to IPv4 Internet remains important during the bridging period
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 4 Motivation of this discussion paper To consider ways to make an effective use of last piece(s) of APNICs address block to address this issue
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 5 Steps of Consideration List and classify target/function that uses IPv4 address space Consider what happens if further IPv4 is available for each function/target Discuss if there is a particular target/function which should be given the priority to receive IPv4 Efforts must be made to adopt alternative methods where it can be applied Consider policy that will fit the needs of the target NEXT STEP APNIC25
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 6 Functions that use IP Address TYPEENTITYFUNCTION NEwNEw ISPPool for subscribers Server NAT/Translater EndsiteServers NAT/Translator E X I S T ISPPool for subscribers Server NAT/Translator EndsiteServers NAT/Translator
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 7 Availability of Alternatives To Access IPv4 Internet TYPEENTITYFUNCTION RFC1918 IPv6Available IPv4 NEwNEw ISPPool for subscribers× Server××× NAT/Translater××× EndsiteServers××× NAT/Translator××× E X I S T ISPPool for subscribers Server×× NAT/Translator×× EndsiteServers×× NAT/Translator××
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 8 Observation I Pool for subscribers does not need assignment of global IPv4 address RFC1918 address or IPv6 address can be used and access to IPv4 Internet can be provided via NAT/Translator Servers and NAT/Translators of end sites have no means to communicate with IPv4 Internet without global IPv4 on its own, but if this may be possible if upstream provider provides translation service of some kind
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 9 Observation II Those with existing IPv4 address have means to make global IPv4 address available from assigned space by making efficient use AMAP It must be noted this has limits to a certain extent Functions with no alternative means whatsoever are Servers and NAT/Translators for new ISPs
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 10 Availability of Alternatives To Access IPv4 Internet TYPEENTITYFUNCTION RFC1918 IPv6Available IPv4 NEwNEw ISPPool for subscribers× Server××× NAT/Translater××× EndsiteServers××× NAT/Translator××× E X I S T ISPPool for subscribers Server×× NAT/Translator×× EndsiteServers×× NAT/Translator××
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 11 Point of Discussions How far should we consider the needs for IPv4 for each function? ModerateRestrict Allow all Servers and NAT/Translators Allow all NAT/Translators Allow Servers and NAT/Translators of new ISPs and endsites Allow NAT/Translators of new ISPs and endsites Allow Servers and NAT/Translators of new ISPs Allow NAT/Translators of new ISPs
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 12 Brainstorm of possible options Allowing Servers would be too wide? Almost all networks have servers Allowing all translators would be too wide? Number of endsites would still be very large on the Internet Translators for ISPs? New + Existing or only new? Can new networks function by only receiving address space for translators or require some buffer?
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 13 Next Step Consider the criteria which will best meet the target depending on discussions on focusing the target
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 14 Questions Do you feel such consideration is useful? Are there suggestions of improvements or other alternatives? Is there a particular function/target which you feel should be given a priority?
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center 15 Q&A
Copyright © 2007 Japan Network Information Center Global Policy for the Allocation of the remaining IPv4 Address Space Japan Network Information Center.
Copyright (c) 2006 Japan Network Information Center Comments from JP on “End site allocation policy for IPv6” (prop-033-v001 ) Izumi Okutani Japan Network.
Policy SIG report 29 February 2008 APNIC 25, Taipei Toshiyuki Hosaka Randy Bush Jian Zhang.
Copyright © 2007 JPNIC All Rights Reserved. IPv4 Countdown Policy Proposal (LAC ) Toshiyuki Hosaka Working Group on the policy for IPv4 address.
1 A Survey of ISPs in Taiwan for applying HD-Ratio to IPv4 David Chen, Senior Engineer Taiwan Network Information Center, IP department
Copyright (c) 2002 Japan Network Information Center Introduction of JPNICs New Registry System Izumi Okutani IP Address Section Japan Network Information.
1 13 th Policy SIG Report Kenny Huang Toshiyuki Hosaka Eugene Li Chair/co-chair of APNIC Address Policy SIG.
APNIC update ARIN XX 17 October 2007 Srinivas Chendi.
Proposal-062: Use of Final /8 Jonny Martin, Philip Smith & Randy Bush Policy APNIC 26 28th August 2008 Christchurch, New Zealand.
Copyright (c) 2006 Japan Network Information Center Survey results in JP on IPv6 assignment size Izumi Okutani Japan Network Information Center (JPNIC)
1 IPv6 HD Ratio ARIN Public Policy Meeting April 2005 Geoff Huston APNIC.
Copyright (c) 2002 Japan Network Information Center Proposal for IPv6 Policy for Essential Infrastructure in the AP region Izumi Okutani IP Address Section.
Policy Aspects of the Transition to IPv6 Geoff Huston Chief Scientist, APNIC.
Izumi Okutani JPNIC IP Department NIR Meeting Feb 2004 JPNIC Open Policy Meeting Update.
© 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 1 Addressing the Network – IPv4 Network Fundamentals – Chapter 6.
Internet Number Resources 1. Internet IPv4 addresses IPv6 addresses Autonomous System number Fully Qualified Domain Name Key Internet resources.
© 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco Public 1 EN0129 PC AND NETWORK TECHNOLOGY I IP ADDRESSING AND SUBNETS Derived From CCNA Network Fundamentals.
Policy Proposals: AfriNIC-10 Public Meeting Vincent Ngundi AfriNIC PDP-MG Chair AfriNIC-10, Cairo, Egypt.
ARIN Update Aaron Hughes ARIN Board of Trustees Focus IPv4 Depletion & IPv6 Uptake Developing, adapting, and enhancing processes and procedures.
Policy SIG Report APNIC AGM Friday 29 August 2008 Christchurch, New Zealand 1.
Demystifying IPv6: Ensuring a Smooth Transition John Curran ARIN President & CEO.
Expanding the Internet: The IPv4 to IPv6 transition Global Mobile Internet & IPv6 Next Generation Internet Summit 2009 Paul Wilson Director General, APNIC.
Developing IPv6 Address Guidelines Izumi Okutani Japan Network Information Center Address Policy SIG Aug 2003, Seoul.
Deploying IPv6: The time is now Are you ready? SFTA 24 May 2012 John Curran President and CEO, ARIN.
1 RIR Policy Development Update Policy SIG 8 Sep 2005 APNIC20, Hanoi, Vietnam Save Vocea.
Introduction of JPNIC Open Policy Meeting Japan Network Information Center Ruri Hiromi(IP address committee) Yuka Suzuki(JPNIC secretariat) NIR Meeting.
Disruption (and Recovery) of the ISP Business Model with IPv4 Depletion PTC12 15 January 2012 John Curran President and CEO, ARIN.
Business Drivers / Why Now Technology Drivers How all of this affects our business and our customers Frequently Asked Questions Appendix.
IPv6 Transition for Enterprises Light Reading Live 14 July 2011 John Curran President and CEO ARIN.
Copyright © 2008 Japan Network Information Center JPNIC's review of IPv4 address transfer Izumi Okutani Japan Network Information.
1 News from APNIC AfriNIC 9 27 November Coming up Some numbers Some service updates Some policy news 2.
Copyright © 2011 Japan Network Information Center JPNIC ’ s RQA and Routing Related Activities JPNIC IP Department Izumi Okutani APNIC32 Aug 2011, Busan.
Spearheading Internet technology and policy development in the African Region IPv4 exhaustion The Situation in Africa AfriNIC-9 Mauritius, 27th November.
IPv4 Address Lifetime Expectancy Geoff Huston Research activity supported by APNIC The Regional Internet Registries s do not make forecasts or predictions.
R I P E N e t w o r k C o o r d i n a t i o n C e n t r e. h t t p : / / w w w. r i p e. n e t. n c r i p e. n e t 1 The Internet Registry System IPv4.
Internet Number Resource Status Report As of 31 March 2005.
1 APNIC allocation and policy update JPNIC OPM July 17, Tokyo, Japan Guangliang Pan.
IPv6 allocations to closed networks LACNIC VI Mar 29 – Apr 1, 2004 Montevideo, Uruguay.
Overview of policy proposals Policy SIG 27 February 2008 APNIC 25, Taipei.
IPv6/IPv4 XLATE Trial Service for sharing IPv4 address Japan Internet Exchange Co., Ltd. Masataka MAWATARI.
Slide 1 Insert your own content. Slide 2 Insert your own content.
1 Overview of policy proposals Policy SIG Wednesday 26 August 2009 Beijing, China.
LACNIC Policy Update Roque Gagliano LACNIC. Current Policies Proposals - LACNIC As a result of the Open Policy Forum at LACNIC XI four policy proposals.
Address Supporting Organization Status Report ICANN San Juan June 2007.
Analysis of the impact of IPv4 transfer policies; Issues and solutions Dawit Bekele & John Schnizlein Internet Society AfriNIC-9 Mauritius.
Separate Assignment Policies for End-Users and ISPs Izumi Okutani Japan Network Information Center.
ARIN Section 4.10 Austerity Policy Update.
IPv4 Unallocated Address Space Exhaustion Geoff Huston Chief Scientist APNIC APNIC 24, September 2007.
NIR SIG Update – APNIC22 7th Sep 2006, Kaohsiung Chairs: David Chen Izumi Okutani.
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