2What is a species Again?Group of organisms that can produce fertile offspring.Remember, characteristics of a species are passed from parent to offspring.
3EvolutionChange in the inherited characteristics of a species.
4Theory of Acquired Characteristics Developed by Jean Baptiste de Lamarck in 1809.States:Characteristics, or traits, developed in the lifespan of the parent are passed to the offspring.Has been proven false.
5Charles DarwinNaturalist aboard the HMS Beagle which left England in December of 1831to explore the South American coast, including the Galapagos Islands.Darwin kept records of the plants and animals encountered during the journey.
6Darwin’s Observations Similar species may develop from a single parent species.Members of the same population (group of species living in the same area) have to compete for resources in order to survive.Only those organisms best suited for survival will produce offspring.
7Natural Selection Modern theory of evolution. Published by Darwin in 1859 in his book, On the Origin of Species.States:Organisms with traits best suited for their environment are more likely to survive and reproduce, passing on traits to offspring.
8VariationAn inherited trait that makes an individual different from other members of its species.Result of genetic mutations.
9AdaptationAny variation that makes an organism better suited to its environment.
10How can local genes be influenced? Genes may be brought in or removed by individuals moving into or out of the area.Geographic IsolationGroup of individuals may be isolated from the rest of the species and develop new traits.
11Speed of Evolution Gradualism Punctuated Equilibrium Slow ongoing process in which one species changes to a new species.Punctuated EquilibriumMutation of genes results in the evolution of a new species over a relatively short period of time.Example: Antibiotic resistance