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Highlights from Section 2 – Bacteria in Your Life.

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Presentation on theme: "Highlights from Section 2 – Bacteria in Your Life."— Presentation transcript:

1 Highlights from Section 2 – Bacteria in Your Life

2 Antibiotic A chemical produced by bacteria that limits the growth of other bacteria. A chemical produced by bacteria that limits the growth of other bacteria.

3 Saprophyte Any organism that uses dead organisms as an energy source. Any organism that uses dead organisms as an energy source. –Saprophytic bacteria help recycle nutrients.

4 Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria Change nitrogen from the air into forms that can be used by plants and animals. Change nitrogen from the air into forms that can be used by plants and animals.

5 Bioremediation Using organisms to help clean up or remove environmental pollutants. Using organisms to help clean up or remove environmental pollutants.

6 Pathogen Any organism that causes disease. Any organism that causes disease.

7 Toxin Poisonous substance produce by some bacterial pathogens. Poisonous substance produce by some bacterial pathogens.

8 Endospore Thick walled structure produced by pathogenic bacteria when growing conditions are unfavorable. Thick walled structure produced by pathogenic bacteria when growing conditions are unfavorable.

9 Pasteurization Process of heating food to a temperature that kills most harmful bacteria. Process of heating food to a temperature that kills most harmful bacteria.

10 Vaccine Used to prevent some bacterial diseases. Used to prevent some bacterial diseases. Made from damaged or killed bacteria. Made from damaged or killed bacteria. Cause the body to produce antibodies. Cause the body to produce antibodies.


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