Plains Plains Large flat areas –2 types: Coastal plains Interior plains
Plains Coastal Plains Exposed region of the continental shelf. –The continental shelf is the part of the continent that extends into the ocean. Size varies over time with changes in sea level. Characterized by low hills, swamps, and marshes.
Plains Interior Plains Found in the interior of continents. Thick, fertile soil.
Plateaus Plateaus Flat, raised areas of land with steep sides. Consist of horizontal layers of rock that have been slowly uplifted. Often cut by canyons formed by rivers.
Mountains Folded Mountains http://howard.nebrwesleyan.edu/hhm i/fellows/gbrand/mtbld.htm Consist of folded rock layers. Formed by horizontal forces (rocks are squeezed together) Examples, –Alps, Himalayas
Mountains Upwarped Mountains Formed when blocks of crust are pushed up. Examples: –Black Hills, Adirondacks
Mountains Fault-Block Mountains Huge tilted blocks of rocks with faults on the side. Examples: Grand Teton, Sierra Nevada
Mountains Volcanic Mountains Formed by volcanism. Examples: Hawaii, Mount Shasta