Presentation on theme: "Lesson 23 Heart Parts function structure valves veins ventricle"— Presentation transcript:
1 Lesson 23 Heart Parts function structure valves veins ventricle COPY KEY VOCABULARYarteriesAtrium (plural: atria)blood vesselscapillariescirculatory systemThe bodily system consisting of the heart,blood vessels, and blood thatcirculates blood throughout the body,delivers nutrients and other essentialmaterials to cells, and removes waste products.functionstructurevalvesveinsventricle
2 Where are the heart valves located? In Activity 21, “Inside A Pump,” you observed two bulbs: one containeda valve and one did not. The valve prevented the backward flow ofwater, which helped pump water from one container to the other. Thehuman heart has valves that help blood flow in one direction.The following question are the focus of the lesson. You should be able toanswer them at the conclusion of the assignment. Copy the questions down inyour Science Notebooks and provide the answers.Where are the heart valves located?In 1 in each chamber of the heart. R. Atrium. R. Ventricle, L. Atrium, L. VentricleWhy are they necessary?To keep blood flowing in one directionHow does your heart work as a double pump?The right side of the heart pumps blood to the lungs. The left side pumps blood tothe rest of the body.
3 Materials For each student 1 Student Sheet 23.1, “Heart Diagram” Red and blue colored pencilsInstructions:Read each selection. Copy and answer all question thatare in bold print in your Science Notebook
4 ReadingYour heart is made up of four chambers that work as two pumps. The right side of your heartacts as a pump that pumps blood to your lungs. The left side of your heart acts as anotherpump that pumps blood to all other parts of your body.Blood always enters your heart through either of the two chambers known asAtria (AY‑tree-uh)—the plural for atrium (AY-tree-um). Blood is pumped out ofyour heart through the ventricles—plural for ventricle (VEN‑trih‑kul).
5 Stopping to Think 1On Student Sheet 23.1, “Heart Diagram,” label the left and right sidesof the heart. Use your finger to trace the flow of blood through theright side of the heart. Notice where the blood is coming fromand where it is going. Repeat this process for the left side of the heart.
6 There are valves located between your atria and ventricles There are valves located between your atria and ventricles. There are alsovalves between your ventricles and the large vessels that lead to the lungs andthe rest of your body. The valves open to let blood flow from one structureTo another.The valves close to prevent the blood from flowing backward.When you listen to your heartbeat, you can hear a lub-dub sound. The firstpart of that sound (lub) is the sound of the valves between the atria andventricles closing. The second part of that sound (dub) is the sound of asecond pair of valves closing. One of these valves is located between theleft ventricle and the blood vessel carrying oxygenated blood to the body’sorgans. The other valve is located between the right ventricle and theblood vessel carrying deoxygenated blood to the lungs.
7 Stopping to Think 2Look carefully at the heart on Student Sheet Identify the locationof the heart valves. Circle each valve. Then label the valves thatProduce the lub sound and the valves that produce the dub sound.
8 Blood travels through your body in tubes of various sizes Blood travels through your body in tubes of various sizes. These tubes are known asblood vessels (VEH-suls). Blood vessels form a network of tubes throughout your body.At various points in the network, blood vessels are called arteries, veins, or capillaries.Remember finding your pulse in Activity 19, “Heart-ily Fit”? You can feel your pulse asyour heart pumps blood through your arteries.Arteries (AR-tuh-rees) carry blood away from your heart. Most arteries carry oxygen-richblood to the organs. The largest artery in your body is the aorta (ay-OR-tuh). Veins(VANES) carry blood back to your heart. Most veins carry blood with lower levels ofoxygen and higher levels of carbon dioxide (picked up from the organs). Even though theblood in you veins is a deep red, veins look dark purple or blue under the skin of yourwrists and under your tongue.
9 Stopping to Think 3a. Color your heart diagram on Student Sheet Use red for areasthat contain blood carrying higher levels of oxygen (and lowerlevels of carbon dioxide). Use blue for areas that contain bloodcarrying higher levels of carbon dioxide (and lower levels ofoxygen).b. Recall that arteries carry blood away from your heart and that mostarteries carry blood with higher levels of oxygen. Look carefully atthe pulmonary (PULL-muh-nair-ee) arteries on Student Sheet 23.1.How are pulmonary arteries are different from other arteries in yourbody. Hint: Think about the blood that is being transporting.Pulmonary arteries carry blood low in O2 away from the heart. Other arteries carry blood high in O2 to other parts of the body.c. Recall that veins carry blood to your heart and that most veinscarry blood with lower levels of oxygen. Look carefully at thepulmonary veins on Student Sheet How are the pulmonary veinsdifferent from other veins in your body. Hint: Think aboutthe blood that is being transporting.Pulmonary veins carry blood rich in O2 back to the heart from the lungs.
10 Blood leaving the left side of your heart flows into arteries that carry oxygen to all parts of your body. Arteries become smaller and smaller until theybecome capillaries. Capillaries (KA-puh-lair-ees) are blood vessels with wallsso thin that oxygen, nutrients, and wastes can pass back and forth. Eachcapillary is very small and there are many of them. They provide lots of surfacearea for oxygen to move to the tissues and carbon dioxide wastes to move outof the tissues. As the capillaries widen again, they become veins.
11 Analysis 1. Copy the lists of words shown below: a. In each list, look for a relationship among the words or terms. Cross outthe word or phrase that does not belong.b. In each list, circle the word or phrase that includes the others.c. Explain how the word or phrase you circled is related to the otherwords on the list.
12 2. The diagram in the reading shows the blood in the arteries as red and the blood in the veins as blue. Is the blood in your veins really blue?Explain.Venous blood is deep red. Blood from arteries is a brighter red, due to the greater amount of oxygen, than blood from veins, but the bloodfrom veins still is red.3. How is the structure of the heart related to its function?The function of the heart is to pump blood around the body. In order to perform this function, it has to be able to move the blood efficiently in one direction. If the heart were like a siphon bulb, it would not be able to maintain the one-way flow of blood. In order for the heart to pump blood around the body in one direction only, it has to have valves.4. What structures prevent blood in the ventricles from backing up intothe atria?Valves.Why is it important for your heart to have these structures?The valves are important for the heart to be able to pump blood in one direction only.
13 5. Use Student Sheet 23.1,”Heart Diagram,” and add the function of all of the structures you have labeled.
14 6. Copy and complete the Venn diagram below in your science notebook.
16 7. Explain what is meant by the statement: “The heart is two pumps 7. Explain what is meant by the statement: “The heart is two pumps.” Youmay want to draw a diagram to support your explanation.The heart pumps blood to the body. The blood goes through the body and comes back to the heart. The heart then pumps this blood to the lungs. The blood comes back to the heart before it goes through the body again. One pump pumps blood to the body, and the other pump pumps blood to the lungs. This is why the heart is really two pumps.