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Chapter 17 Imperialism: The U.S. Becomes a World Power.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 17 Imperialism: The U.S. Becomes a World Power."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 17 Imperialism: The U.S. Becomes a World Power

2 From Isolationist to Imperialist After the Civil War Americans showed little interest in expanding the nations territory outside the U.S. = Isolationism Focused on reconstructing the South, building the nations industries and settling the West 1880s many Americans were convinced that the U.S. should become a World Power Imperialism = the economic and political domination of a strong nation over weaker ones

3 Why would the U.S. want to become an Imperial Nation?

4 1. Commercial/Business Interests U. S. Foreign Investments:

5 American Foreign Trade:

6 2. Military/Strategic Interests Alfred T. Mahan The Influence of Sea Power on History: The ships of war of the United States, in war, will be like land birds, unable to fly far from their own shores. To provide resting places for them, where they can coal and repair, would be one of the first duties of a government proposing to itself the development of the power of th nation at sea

7 3. Social Darwinist Thinking The White Mans Burden The Hierarchy of Race

8 Manifest Destiny to the World? The work which the English race began when it colonized North America is destined to go on until every land… that is not already the seat of an old civilization shall become English in its language, in its religion, in political habits and traditions, and to a predominant extent in the blood of its people John Fiske the Expansionists of 1898

9 4. Religious/Missionary Interests American Missionaries in China, 1905

10 5. Closing the American Frontier

11 I. Building Support for Imperialism A Desire for New Markets We are making more than we can consume…making more than we can use. Therefore we must find new markets for our produce, new occupation for our capital, new work for our neighbor A Need for military and strategic interests Enforce treaties and protect overseas investments Enhance the Navys ability to threaten or wage warfare Social Darwinist Thinking Religious/Missionary Interests The Closing of the American Frontier

12 Review U.S. Expands Overseas Effect Causes


14 Sewards Folly: 1867 $7.2 million

15 Sewards Icebox: 1867

16 II. Expansion in the Pacific A. Alaska 1867 William Seward (Sec. of State under Lincoln and Johnson) arranges to buy Alaska from Russia Thought of as foolish by many (Sewards Icebox or Sewards Folly) Became a state in 1959 for 2 cents an acre



19 Commodore Matthew Perry Opens Up Japan: 1853 The Japanese View of Commodore Perry

20 II. Expansion in the Pacific B. Japan 1852, President Franklin Pierce sends Matthew C. Perry to Japan to negotiate a trade treaty 1854 Japan opens two ports to trade with the U.S.



23 U. S. Missionaries in Hawaii Imiola Church – first built in the late 1820s

24 U. S. Business Interests In Hawaii 1875 – Reciprocity Treaty 1890 – McKinley Tariff American businessmen backed an uprising against Queen Liliuokalani – American businessmen backed an uprising against Queen Liliuokalani. Sanford Ballard Dole proclaims the Republic of Hawaii in 1894.

25 Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani Hawaii for the Hawaiians!

26 To The Victor Belongs the Spoils Hawaiian Annexation Ceremony, 1898

27 II. Expansion in the Pacific C. Hawaii 1872 recession in Hawaii, the US exempts Hawaiian sugar Tariff comes up for renewal and the Senate insists that Hawaii give the U.S. exclusive rights to the naval base at Pearl Harbor McKinley Tariff 1890 – subsidies to sugar producers in the U.S. causing the price of Hawaiian sugar to decline and therefore the economy of Hawaii to decline 1891 – Queen Liliuokalani became the Queen of Hawaii – group of sugar planters with help of U.S. Marines forced the Queen to give up power Planters set up a temporary government and ask the U.S. to annex Hawaii



30 Trade and Diplomacy in Latin America

31 III. Trade and Diplomacy in Latin America A. Pan-Americanism – The U.S. and Latin America will work together st Pan-American Conference in Washington D.C. Goals were to create customs union and a system to work out disputes Both rejected by Latin Americans Commercial Bureau of the American Republics Agreed to by the Latin Americans To promote cooperation among the nations of the Western Hemisphere Today it is called the Organization of American States


33 Yellow Journalism & Jingoism Joseph Pulitzer William Randolph Hearst Hearst to Frederick Remington: You furnish the pictures, and Ill furnish the war! video clip on yellow journalism

34 De Lôme Letter Dupuy de Lôme, Spanish Ambassador to the U.S. Criticized President McKinley as weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd, besides being a would-be politician who tries to leave a door open behind himself while keeping on good terms with the jingoes of his party.

35 Remember the Maine and to Hell with Spain! Funeral for Maine victims in Havana

36 IV. The Coming of War with Cuba A. Cuban rebels declare independence from Spain, but rebellion failed and rebels escaped to U.S. Americans were neutral until… B. Yellow Journalism William Randolph Hearst- New York Journal Joseph Pulitzer – New York World News articles with exaggerated stories of Spanish attacks on Cubans Americans begin to side with Cuba

37 C. General Valeriano Weyler Spanish governor of Cuba Caused death of thousands of Cubans in reconcentration camps D. de Lome letter Spanish Ambassador to U.S., Enrique Dupuy de Lome, wrote a letter describing President McKinley as weak NY Journal prints the letter E. USS Maine anchored in Havana, Cuba explodes Killed 266 American sailors

38 Look at the many items created to commemorate the sinking of the Maine imperialism/2-saw/1-prelude/index.html imperialism/2-saw/1-prelude/index.html

39 Listen to the song Uncle Sam Tell Us why you are Waiting and answer the questions in your notes imperialism/2-saw/1- prelude/ _Uncle_Sam_Tell_Us_Why_Are_Yo /4- imperialism/2-saw/1- prelude/ _Uncle_Sam_Tell_Us_Why_Are_Yo u_Waiting-George_J_Gaskin.html

40 Factors that led Americans to call for war with Spain in the late 1800s

41 The Spanish-American War Make an illustrated timeline of the following events. Mark them as Pacific or Atlantic April 23, 1898 blockade of Cuba April 24 – attack on the Spanish fleet in the Phillipines May 1898 – George Dewey destroyed the Spanish warships in Manila Bay, Philippines and seized the island of Guam June 1898 – troops attack El Caney and the Rough Riders (including Theodore Roosevelt) attack San Juan Heights August 12, 1898 – Spain and US agree to a cease-fire December 10, 1898 – the Treaty of Paris is signed Cuba becomes an independent country U.S. acquires Puerto Rico and Guam U.S. pays Spain $20 million for the Philippines

42 Revolution in the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo – ordered troops to attack American soldiers in the Philippines Gen. MacArthur was forced to set up reconcentration camps William H. Taft (Gov. of the Philippines) introduced new reforms in education, transportation and health care Reforms lessened Filipino hostility

43 Puerto Rico 1900 congress passed the Foraker Act making Puerto Rico an unincorporated territory 1917 Puerto Ricans made citizens of the U.S. Have territorial government No representation in Congress

44 Cuba After the war the U.S. set up a military government in Cuba. Cuba technically an independent country Platt Amendment Cuba could not make a treaty with another nation that would weaken its power or allow another foreign power to gain territory in Cuba Cuba had to allow the U.S. to buy or lease naval stations in Cuba Cubas debts had to be kept low to prevent foreign countries from landing troops to enforce payment The U.S. would have the right to intervene to protect Cuban independence and keep order CUBA = PROTECTORATE

45 America Becomes a World Power Times For each of the topics below, create a headline for our newspaper and draw a picture to go with your headline The US in Cuba The US in the Philippines

46 American Diplomacy Late 1800s China was divided into Spheres of Influence (trading zones) The US did not have a sphere The US encouraged an Open Door Policy in China (free trade with all countries) Not well received by the Chinese

47 The Boxer Rebellion Boxers = a secret society in China that hated foreigners and the Open Door Policy Wanted to kill all Foreigners Captured some Americans US Marines sent in to free hostages China : People and Places clip (Empress Tsu Hsi and the Boxer Rebellion)

48 Panama Canal The US Strongly supported the building of the Panama Canal to make shipping easier

49 Building of the Canal The US and President Theodore Roosevelt helped the Panamanians in overthrowing Colombian Rule Panama then allowed the US to construct the Canal Roosevelt then issued the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine The US will intervene in Latin American affairs when it deemed necessary

50 America Becomes a World Power Times Create a headline and picture for America and the Panama Canal

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