2 Problems facing Progressive Presidents Immigration:TR's eraInflux of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe.Gentleman's Agreement dealing with Japanese immigrationTodayInflux of immigrants from MexicoVarious proposals for amnesty for illegal immigrants.
3 Conservation:TR's eraResistance to presidential efforts to set aside western lands for National Forests, Reclamation Projects, Game & Bird Preserves, etc.TodayEfforts to reopen western public lands to development.
4 Balancing Labor with Big Business and Consumerism: TR's era Mediating Anthracite Coal StrikeAddressing consumer concerns for safer food.TodayBalancing American labor demands with corporate need to keep down labor costs by sending jobs overseas.Renewed concerns for food, especially meat, safety.
5 Anti-Trust Issues:TR's era45 suits to break trusts that set prices/stop competition.TodayConcerns and lawsuits, especially directed toward tele-communications and computer technology corporations to oppose domination of industry by a few companies.
6 Defining America's Role in the World: TR's era Presidential use of mediation, international arbitration and courts in dealing with international problems.Today -America's relationship with the international community, especially with regard to the United Nations, the World Court, the international arbitration of problems, etc.
8 Teddy Becomes President 1901 becomes president when William McKinley is assassinatedYoungest person to serve as president (42 years old)1st Progressive PresidentPlan for Progressive Reforms called the Square Deal
9 TR vs. Big BusinessKnown as “Trustbuster” because he breaks up Standard OilHe didn’t think all trusts were badSets up the Bureau of Corporations to Monitor Big BusinessUsed Gentleman’s Agreements to give Business owners a chance to fix any wrongdoings
10 TR and Upton Sinclair Upton Sinclair was a muckraker Book forced TR to get the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection ActVideo: Great Books: The Jungle
11 Compare Upton Sinclair’s book The Jungle to Super Size Me
12 TR and ConservationAdds over 100 million acres to the national park systemProtects the land from IndustryAppoints Gifford Pinchot head of US Forest Service
13 Other TR ReformsHepburn Act – Federal Government sets max Railroad RatesNewlands Reclamation Act – uses Federal Money to pay for irrigation and land development projects
15 Taft Becomes President Hand picked by Roosevelt to succeed him in 1908Both were Republicans
16 Taft’s Progressive Reforms Children’s Bureau – Set up to monitor Child LaborMann-Elkins Act – regulate telephones and telegraphsBigger Trustbuster than T. Roosevelt
17 Taft, Not Progressive Enough? Ballinger Pinchot ControversyRichard Ballenger = Taft’s Secretary of the InteriorPlanned to sell natural forestsRatted out in Press by Gifford Pinchot (Roosevelt’s head of Forest Service)Taft fires Pinchot – TR furious
18 Breaks up US SteelRoosevelt used a Gentlemen’s agreement to allow US Steel to operateStandard Oil Co. v US – court determines what is a reasonable trust – Standard Oil broken up
19 Roosevelt and Taft Split Taft receives the Republican Nomination for President in 1912Roosevelt forms his own party – The Progressive (Bull Moose) Party- runs for president
20 Campaign Buttons from 1912 election Republican PartyDemocratic PartyProgressive Party
21 Republican Party Platform High import tariffs.Put limitations on female and child labor.Workman’s Compensation Laws.Against initiative, referendum, and recall.Against “bad” trusts.Creation of a Federal Trade Commission.Stay on the gold standard.Conservation of natural resources because they are finite.
22 Progressive Party Platform Women’s suffrage.Graduated income tax.Inheritance tax for the rich.Lower tariffs.Limits on campaign spending.Currency reform.Minimum wage laws.Social insurance.Abolition of child labor.Workmen’s compensation.N e w N a t i o n a l i s m
23 Democratic Party Platform Government control of the monopolies trusts in general were bad eliminate them!!Tariff reduction.One-term President.Direct election of Senators.Create a Department of Labor.Strengthen the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.Did NOT support women’s suffrage.Opposed to a central bank.Ne w F r e e d o m
24 The Socialist Party & Eugene V. Debs The issue is Socialism versus Capitalism. I am for Socialism because I am for humanity.
25 Growth of the Socialist Vote YearSocialist PartySocialist Labor PartyTotal18882,068189013,704189221,512189430,020189636,27536,274189882,204190096,93133,405130,3361902223,49453,763277,2571904408,23033,546441,7761906331,04320,265351,3081908424,48814,021438,5091910607,67434,115641,7891912901,873
26 Socialist Party Platform Government ownership of railroads and utilities.Guaranteed income tax.No tariffs.8-hour work day.Better housing.Government inspection of factories.Women’s suffrage.
33 Political Parties during the Progressive Era Cut out the circles and paste them on your paperCut out the descriptions of political parties and try to match them up to the political party namesGlue descriptions onto paperKeep this in your notebook to help explain political parties
34 Election ResultsBy 1912, 100,000 fewer people had voted for Wilson than had voted for Bryan in 1908.The 1912 election marked the apogee of the Socialist movement in America.
35 GOP Divided by Bull Moose Equals Democratic Victory!
36 Taft and Roosevelt split votes Democrat Woodrow Wilson is elected
38 Wilson as a Progressive Called his plan for progressive reforms: New FreedomOnly Progressive President who was a Democrat
39 Wilson Progressive Reforms Federal Reserve ActCreates Federal Reserve SystemUses interest rates to regulate money supplyFederal Trade CommissionCan issue cease and desist orders on companies that hurt fair competitionClayton Anti-Trust ActGave unions the right to existUnderwood TariffIncluded provision for a federal income tax
40 Legacy of Progressivism 1st time the Federal Government passed laws that protected workers and regulated big businessRole of Federal government expanded
41 Limits of Progressivism Does not address problems facing African AmericansSharecroppingJim CrowPoll Taxes, Literacy tests, or Grandfather ClauseAfrican Americans from NAACP to help themselves achieve goals