Presentation on theme: "The Progressive Presidents. Problems facing Progressive Presidents Immigration: –TR's era Influx of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe. Gentleman's."— Presentation transcript:
The Progressive Presidents
Problems facing Progressive Presidents Immigration: –TR's era Influx of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe. Gentleman's Agreement dealing with Japanese immigration –Today Influx of immigrants from Mexico Various proposals for amnesty for illegal immigrants.
Conservation: TR's era Resistance to presidential efforts to set aside western lands for National Forests, Reclamation Projects, Game & Bird Preserves, etc. Today Efforts to reopen western public lands to development.
Balancing Labor with Big Business and Consumerism: –TR's era Mediating Anthracite Coal Strike Addressing consumer concerns for safer food. –Today Balancing American labor demands with corporate need to keep down labor costs by sending jobs overseas. Renewed concerns for food, especially meat, safety.
Anti-Trust Issues: –TR's era 45 suits to break trusts that set prices/stop competition. –Today Concerns and lawsuits, especially directed toward tele-communications and computer technology corporations to oppose domination of industry by a few companies.
Defining America's Role in the World: TR's era Presidential use of mediation, international arbitration and courts in dealing with international problems. –Today - America's relationship with the international community, especially with regard to the United Nations, the World Court, the international arbitration of problems, etc.
Theodore Roosevelt as President
Teddy Becomes President 1901 becomes president when William McKinley is assassinated Youngest person to serve as president (42 years old) 1 st Progressive President Plan for Progressive Reforms called the Square Deal
TR vs. Big Business Known as Trustbuster because he breaks up Standard Oil He didnt think all trusts were bad Sets up the Bureau of Corporations to Monitor Big Business Used Gentlemans Agreements to give Business owners a chance to fix any wrongdoings
TR and Upton Sinclair Upton Sinclair was a muckraker Book forced TR to get the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act Video: Great Books: The Jungle
Compare Upton Sinclairs book The Jungle to Super Size Me
TR and Conservation Adds over 100 million acres to the national park system Protects the land from Industry Appoints Gifford Pinchot head of US Forest Service
Other TR Reforms Hepburn Act – Federal Government sets max Railroad Rates Newlands Reclamation Act – uses Federal Money to pay for irrigation and land development projects
William Taft As President
Taft Becomes President Hand picked by Roosevelt to succeed him in 1908 Both were Republicans
Tafts Progressive Reforms Childrens Bureau – Set up to monitor Child Labor Mann-Elkins Act – regulate telephones and telegraphs Bigger Trustbuster than T. Roosevelt
Taft, Not Progressive Enough? Ballinger Pinchot Controversy –Richard Ballenger = Tafts Secretary of the Interior –Planned to sell natural forests –Ratted out in Press by Gifford Pinchot (Roosevelts head of Forest Service) –Taft fires Pinchot – TR furious
Breaks up US Steel –Roosevelt used a Gentlemens agreement to allow US Steel to operate –Standard Oil Co. v US – court determines what is a reasonable trust – Standard Oil broken up
Roosevelt and Taft Split Taft receives the Republican Nomination for President in 1912 Roosevelt forms his own party – The Progressive (Bull Moose) Party- runs for president
Campaign Buttons from 1912 election Democratic PartyProgressive Party Republican Party
Republican Party Platform High import tariffs. Put limitations on female and child labor. Workmans Compensation Laws. Against initiative, referendum, and recall. Against bad trusts. Creation of a Federal Trade Commission. Stay on the gold standard. Conservation of natural resources because they are finite.
Progressive Party Platform Womens suffrage. Graduated income tax. Inheritance tax for the rich. Lower tariffs. Limits on campaign spending. Currency reform. Minimum wage laws. Social insurance. Abolition of child labor. Workmens compensation. NewNationalismNewNationalismNewNationalismNewNationalism
Democratic Party Platform Government control of the monopolies trusts in general were bad eliminate them!! Tariff reduction. One-term President. Direct election of Senators. Create a Department of Labor. Strengthen the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. Did NOT support womens suffrage. Opposed to a central bank. NewFreedomNewFreedomNewFreedomNewFreedom
The Socialist Party & Eugene V. Debs The issue is Socialism versus Capitalism. I am for Socialism because I am for humanity.
Growth of the Socialist Vote Year Socialist Party Socialist Labor PartyTotal , , , , ,27536, , ,93133,405130, ,49453,763277, ,23033,546441, ,04320,265351, ,48814,021438, ,67434,115641, ,873
Socialist Party Platform Government ownership of railroads and utilities. Guaranteed income tax. No tariffs. 8-hour work day. Better housing. Government inspection of factories. Womens suffrage.
Up Against the Hurdles
Conservatio n Issue: The Ballinger- Pinchot Controversy
The Unanswerable Argument for Suffrage
Never Again! Taft Abandons Support for Womens Suffrage
Lynching & the Race Issue
An Actual 1912 Ballot
Political Parties during the Progressive Era Cut out the circles and paste them on your paper Cut out the descriptions of political parties and try to match them up to the political party names Glue descriptions onto paper Keep this in your notebook to help explain political parties
Election Results By 1912, 100,000 fewer people had voted for Wilson than had voted for Bryan in The 1912 election marked the apogee of the Socialist movement in America.
GOP Divided by Bull Moose Equals Democratic Victory!
Taft and Roosevelt split votes Democrat Woodrow Wilson is elected
Woodrow Wilson As President
Wilson as a Progressive Called his plan for progressive reforms: New Freedom Only Progressive President who was a Democrat
Wilson Progressive Reforms Federal Reserve Act –Creates Federal Reserve System –Uses interest rates to regulate money supply Federal Trade Commission –Can issue cease and desist orders on companies that hurt fair competition Clayton Anti-Trust Act –Gave unions the right to exist Underwood Tariff –Included provision for a federal income tax
Legacy of Progressivism 1 st time the Federal Government passed laws that protected workers and regulated big business Role of Federal government expanded
Limits of Progressivism Does not address problems facing African Americans –Sharecropping –Jim Crow –Poll Taxes, Literacy tests, or Grandfather Clause African Americans from NAACP to help themselves achieve goals