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Presentation on theme: "INDIA."— Presentation transcript:



3 The Indian National Flag
Saffron – courage, sacrifice, and renunciation White – purity and truth Green – faith and fertility CourageFlag: 24 spokes symbokizes life in movement and death in stagnation Saffron: Courage, sacrifice and renunciation White: Purity and truth Green: faith and fertility In the centre of the white band is a wheel in navy blue colour. This centre symbol or the 'CHAKRA', is a Buddhist symbol dating back to 3rd century BC. The wheel with 24 spokes symbolizes life in movement and death in stagnation

4 Map of India

5 Kangchenjunga, on the border of India and Nepal, is the third highest mountain in the world and the highest point in the Indian Himalaya.


7 Administrative divisions of India 28 states 7 territories

8 Facts… Official Name: Bharat (Hindi), Republic of India (English)
Capital: New Delhi Population: 1, 027, 015, 247 (2001 Census) Languages: India has two National languages, English and Hindi. The Indian Constitution also officially recognizes 22 regional languages. Literacy: 65.38% President: Pratibha Patil Prime Minister: Dr. Manmohan Singh

9 The North Block, in New Delhi, houses key government offices

10 Queen Victoria (1819 – 1901) became Empress of India in 1876
The Jewel in the Crown The British started trading with India in the sixteenth century and ruled the country for nearly 400 years. They set up the East India Company to do business for them. The different states of India were ruled by Indian emperors, who were Muslims. The British government gradually gained control over most of India. The British made profit from their trading. Queen Victoria (1819 – 1901) became Empress of India in 1876

11 The Rebellion of 1857 A rebellion against the British began at an army base near Delhi. The British ordered Indian soldiers to handle rifle cartridges which were covered in pork and beef fat. This was unthinkable for both Muslims and Hindus. For Muslims, pork is unclean and the cow is a holy animal for Hindus.

12 The Rebellion of There were many revolts around the country, but they were not very organized Both sides were barbaric and cruel After 14 months of fighting, the British regained control, but the anti-British feeling in India grew. The British responded by becoming even stricter.

13 The Raj After the Rebellion, the British government got rid of the East India Company and took control of the country Coat of Arms

14 The Raj The British tried to change from being cruel masters to ones bringing progress The British built railways, roads, and irrigation systems The British helped agriculture and industry grow The English language was used in administration and in education When universities were started, the British educational system was used as a model Coat of Arms

15 Independence Indian demands for independence grew stronger after World War II The British agreed to grant India independence in 1947 The country was divided into two parts, Pakistan for the Muslims and India for Hindus and Sikhs Muslims and Hindus started fighting and killing each other. Over 17 million left their homes and moved to the land which was meant for their religious group.

16 Major Religions Hinduism Buddhism Islam Christianity Sikhism Jainism

17 Hinduism Hinduism originated over 3000 years ago. Hinduism claims to have many founders, teachers and prophets who claim first hand experience of God. When Hindus promote the idea of spirituality as a principle rather than a personality, they call this Brahman.

18 Hinduism Hinduism is known for its millions of gods
Lakshmi is the consort of the god Vishnu. She is one of the most popular goddesses of Hindu mythology and is known as the goddess of wealth and purity.

19 Mutis or deities and their worship (puja) play a crucial role in Hinduism. Shown here is the popular figure of Ganesha.

20 The Akshardan Temple is a Hindu temple in New Delhi

21 The River Ganges The river Ganges is the holiest river for Hindus.
Once every 12 years, up to 10 million people share in ritual bathing at the Kumbh Mela festival at Allahabad where the waters of the Ganges and Jumna combine. Hindus from all walks of life gather there for ritual bathing, believing that their sins will be washed away. The River Ganges A Hindu who dies at Varanasi and has their ashes scattered on the Ganges is said to have experienced the best death possible.

22 The Ganga is considered the holiest of the three sacred rivers by Hindus

23 The Sacred Cow In Hinduism, the cow is a symbol of wealth, strength, abundance, selfless giving and a full Earthly life

24 A Hindu Marriage Ceremony

25 The Taj Mahal in Agra was built by Shah Jahan as memorial to his wife Muntas Mahal. It was built between 1632 and 1654.


27 Buddhism

28 Islam This mosque in New Delhi is the largest mosque in the whole of India

29 Muslims praying in a mosque

30 Mahatma Gandhi (1869 – 1948)

31 Mahatma Gandhi – a Great Leader
is central to the story of Indian independence Largely because of Gandhi, the British had to leave India, where they had been for more than 300 years

32 Mahatma Gandhi... Did not believe in violence
Showed his people how to protest peacefully Nearly died in hunger strikes Was imprisoned many times

33 Mahatma Gandhi Millions of people followed him
The Hindus and the Muslims had never been united Only Gandhi was able to bring them together in the struggle against the British Gandhi was murdered shortly after India became independent in 1947 Gandhi’s ideas lived on and especially influenced people like Martin Luther King

34 Mother Theresa (1910 – 1997) Was a Catholic nun of Albanian descent who worked in the slums of Calcutta Took care of people dying of sickness and hunger Opened a home for them in an old Hindu temple. This was the first of many homes she started

35 Mother Theresa

36 The Nobel Peace Prize 1979 Mother Theresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her humanitarian work among ’the poorest of the poor’

37 President Reagan presents Mother Theresa with the Medal of Freedom 1985


39 BOLLYWOOD Bollywood is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. Bollywood is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema. Bollywood is only a part of the Indian film industry. Bollywood is one of the largest film producers in the world, producing more than 1,000 films a year. Unlike Hollywood, Bollywood does not exist as a real physical place.

40 The Indian Elephant The Asian elephant is one of the largest land mammals on Earth. The trunk of the Asian elephant has two finger-like structures at its tip that allow the animal to perform both delicate and powerful movements. Elephants have long, coarse hairs sparsely covering their body. Their skin is brown to dark grey. They have been very important to Asian culture for thousands of years. They have been domesticated and are used for transportation and to move heavy objects.

41 The Bengal Tiger Since the era of gods and goddesses, the Tiger has been of great importance in India. It has been mentioned in every myth, epic and literature. The only place where Royal Bengal Tiger is found is the land of natural heritage, India. It also lives in Bangladesh, Nepal, India, Bhutan and in Burma. The Bengal Tiger is a powerful hunter with sharp teeth, strong jaws, and an agile body. The Bengal Tiger is the largest member of the cat family. It is also the largest land-living mammal whose diet consists entirely of meat. Its length can measure up to 10 feet and has a weight ranging from 180 to 260 kilos.

42 Indian Peacock The Peacock, Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus), is the national bird of India. It is symbolic of qualities like beauty, grace, pride and mysticism. The Peacock is a colourful, swan-sized bird, with a fan-shaped crest of feathers, a white patch under the eye and a long, slender neck. The male of the species is more colourful than the female, with a glistening blue breast and neck and a spectacular bronze-green train of around 200 elongated feathers it is able to expand its tail erect like fan as ostentatious display. The female is brownish, slightly smaller than the male, and lacks the train. The elaborate courtship dance of the male, fanning out the tail and preening its feathers is a beautiful sight.

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