2Underground Railroad1) Who was the main person who led slaves to freedom along the Underground Railroad?A = Harriet Tubman2) During which years did the Underground Railroad flourish?A =3) Why was the Fugitive Slave Act a disaster for Free-Blacks of the North?A = Free blacks were kidnapped
3William Lloyd Garrison 1) What was the name of Garrison's anti-slavery newspaper?A = The Liberator2) In the Liberator, what did Garrison advocate?A = The abolition of slavery3) What famous United States document did Garrison believe to be pro-slavery?A = The US Constitution
4Compromise of 18501) Which member of Congress developed the Compromise of 1850?A = Henry Clay2) What was the most controversial bill that made up the Compromise of 1850?A = Fugitive Slave Act3) What did the Compromise of 1850 accomplish?A = Keep the nation united – Balance in Congress
5Missouri Compromise1) According to the Missouri Compromise, which state would enter Union as a Slave State? A = Missouri Free State?A = Maine2) Where would the line be drawn separating the slave states from the free states?A = 36 deg. 30 min / Southern border of Missouri3) What do they call that line today?A = Mason – Dixon Line4) What was the purpose of the Missouri Compromise?A = To maintain balance between slave and free states in Congress.
6Lincoln – Douglas Debates 1) Who were the two men who debated?A = Abraham Lincoln & Stephen Douglas2) How many debates did the 2 men make?A = 7 Debates3) According to the debates, how did Lincoln feel about slavery?A = He did not support slavery
7Kansas – Nebraska Act1) Under the Kansas - Nebraska Act, who would decide if slavery would be allowed in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska?A = The People2) How did the Kansas-Nebraska Act violate the Missouri Compromise?A = It could allow slavery above the Line designated in the Missouri Compromise3) What was the nickname given to the violence led by John Brown that erupted in the Kansas Territory?A = Bleeding Kansas
8Sumner Brooks Incident 1) What controversial law was the main reason for the Sumner - Brooks Incident?A = Kansas – Nebraska Act2) Why did Preston Brooks attack Charles Sumner?A = Preston wanted to protect the honor of his cousin3) What did Brooks use to attack Senator Sumner?A = a walking cane
9John Brown) On October 16, 1859, John Brown and 21 other men attacked which location in Virginia?A = Harpers Ferry, VA2) Who did John Brown hope would join his fight?A = Other Slaves in the South3) What happened to John Brown?A = He was wounded, captured and hung.
10Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1) Who was the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin? A = Harriet Beecher Stowe2) What picture of slavery did “Uncle Tom’s Cabin paint?A = Slavery was socially and morally wrong.3) What did President Lincoln say to Stowe when they were introduced in 1862?A = “So you are the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war”
11Harriet Tubman 1) What is Harriet Tubman most remembered? A = Conductor of the Underground Railroad2) How many slaves was she said to have freed?A = More than 3003) What was Tubman's nickname?A = Grandma Moses
12Dred Scott vs. Sanford 1) Why did Dred Scott believe that he was free? A = Because he moved to Illinois, a Free State2) What did the Supreme Court decide about Scott's case?A = Because Scott was a slave, he was not a citizen and had no right to sue.
13Election of 1860Who were the main candidates for the Election of 1860?North –A = Lincoln & DouglasSouth –A = Breckinridge & BellWho won the election?A = Abraham Lincoln3) What was South Carolina’s reaction to the election of 1860?A = South Carolina seceded from the Union
14The Confederate States of America 1) Which state was the first to secede?A = South Carolina2) Which states joined the Confederacy?A = Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Tennessee, and Arkansas3) Who was chosen to be President of the Confederacy?A = Jefferson Davis