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Antebellum Period Scavenger Hunt - Answers. Underground Railroad 1) Who was the main person who led slaves to freedom along the Underground Railroad?

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Presentation on theme: "Antebellum Period Scavenger Hunt - Answers. Underground Railroad 1) Who was the main person who led slaves to freedom along the Underground Railroad?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Antebellum Period Scavenger Hunt - Answers

2 Underground Railroad 1) Who was the main person who led slaves to freedom along the Underground Railroad? A = Harriet Tubman 2) During which years did the Underground Railroad flourish? A = ) Why was the Fugitive Slave Act a disaster for Free-Blacks of the North? A = Free blacks were kidnapped

3 William Lloyd Garrison 1) What was the name of Garrison's anti- slavery newspaper? A = The Liberator 2) In the Liberator, what did Garrison advocate? A = The abolition of slavery 3) What famous United States document did Garrison believe to be pro-slavery? A = The US Constitution

4 Compromise of ) Which member of Congress developed the Compromise of 1850? A = Henry Clay 2) What was the most controversial bill that made up the Compromise of 1850? A = Fugitive Slave Act 3) What did the Compromise of 1850 accomplish? A = Keep the nation united – Balance in Congress

5 Missouri Compromise 1) According to the Missouri Compromise, which state would enter Union as a Slave State? 1) According to the Missouri Compromise, which state would enter Union as a Slave State? A = Missouri A = Missouri Free State? A = Maine 2) Where would the line be drawn separating the slave states from the free states? A = 36 deg. 30 min / Southern border of Missouri 3) What do they call that line today? A = Mason – Dixon Line 4) What was the purpose of the Missouri Compromise? A = To maintain balance between slave and free states in Congress.

6 Lincoln – Douglas Debates 1) Who were the two men who debated? A = Abraham Lincoln & Stephen Douglas 2) How many debates did the 2 men make? A = 7 Debates 3) According to the debates, how did Lincoln feel about slavery? A = He did not support slavery

7 Kansas – Nebraska Act 1) Under the Kansas - Nebraska Act, who would decide if slavery would be allowed in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska? A = The People 2) How did the Kansas-Nebraska Act violate the Missouri Compromise? A = It could allow slavery above the Line designated in the Missouri Compromise 3) What was the nickname given to the violence led by John Brown that erupted in the Kansas Territory? A = Bleeding Kansas

8 Sumner Brooks Incident 1) What controversial law was the main reason for the Sumner - Brooks Incident? A = Kansas – Nebraska Act 2) Why did Preston Brooks attack Charles Sumner? A = Preston wanted to protect the honor of his cousin 3) What did Brooks use to attack Senator Sumner? A = a walking cane

9 John Brown ) On October 16, 1859, John Brown and 21 other men attacked which location in Virginia? A = Harpers Ferry, VA 2) Who did John Brown hope would join his fight? A = Other Slaves in the South 3) What happened to John Brown? A = He was wounded, captured and hung.

10 Uncle Toms Cabin 1) Who was the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin? A = Harriet Beecher Stowe 2) What picture of slavery did Uncle Toms Cabin paint? A = Slavery was socially and morally wrong. 3) What did President Lincoln say to Stowe when they were introduced in 1862? A = So you are the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war

11 Harriet Tubman 1) What is Harriet Tubman most remembered? A = Conductor of the Underground Railroad 2) How many slaves was she said to have freed? A = More than 300 3) What was Tubman's nickname? A = Grandma Moses

12 Dred Scott vs. Sanford 1) Why did Dred Scott believe that he was free? A = Because he moved to Illinois, a Free State 2) What did the Supreme Court decide about Scott's case? A = Because Scott was a slave, he was not a citizen and had no right to sue.

13 Election of 1860 Who were the main candidates for the Election of 1860? North – A = Lincoln & Douglas South – A = Breckinridge & Bell Who won the election? A = Abraham Lincoln 3) What was South Carolinas reaction to the election of 1860? A = South Carolina seceded from the Union

14 The Confederate States of America 1) Which state was the first to secede? A = South Carolina 2) Which states joined the Confederacy? A = Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Tennessee, and Arkansas 3) Who was chosen to be President of the Confederacy? A = Jefferson Davis


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