Presentation on theme: "SPORTS & ENTERTAINMENT HISTORY Identify significant people and events in the history of the sports and entertainment marketing industry."— Presentation transcript:
SPORTS & ENTERTAINMENT HISTORY Identify significant people and events in the history of the sports and entertainment marketing industry
P.T. Barnum Developed the Barnum and Bailey Circus promoting it as The Greatest Show on Earth. Earliest US millionaires Had a New York newspaper run his obituary in advance so that he could read it himself. He passed away two weeks later.
Walt Disney Created Mickey Mouse in Steamboat Willie which was the first fully synchronized cartoon. Disney was the voice of Mickey – formerly known as Mortimer Mouse. His wife suggested he change the name to Mickey Mouse. Produced the first feature- length cartoon – Snow White.
Walt Disney continued... Opened Disneyland in Anaheim, California in Developed Disney World in Orlando, Florida in (First of the four parks.) Developed the Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow (EPCOT) Died prior to seeing any of his plans completed. Upon his death, his empire worth over $100 million.
Charlie Chaplin Slap-stick comedy Widely recognized movie stars Character wore: Baggy pants Tight coat Large shoes on the wrong feet Black derby hat Turned film comedy into an art form 1915, signed with Essanay for $1,250/week to make 14 films
Lucille Ball Actor, musician, comedian, model, & producer Emmy awards: 1952: Best Comedienne 1955: Best Actress in a Continuing Performance, I Love Lucy 1967& 1968: Outstanding Lead Actress in Comedy Series, I Love Lucy
Lucille Ball continued... One of televisions first leading ladies The man served as supporting role Helped to advance career of many Latino performers Husband: Desi Arnez, Cuban bandleader
Steven Spielberg Director and producer Films include: Jurassic Park I-III Men in Black I & II Shrek Schindlers List E.T., The Extra-Terrestrial Jaws The Color Purple
Steven Spielberg continued... Commercial tie-in Reeses Pieces in E.T., The Extra- Terrestrial
Louis Armstrong Revolutionized jazz Put the soloist to the front of the band, emphasizing talent Played the cornet and trumpet, sang and led the band Wrote Hello Dolly and What a Wonderful Life
The Beatles Included: George Harrison, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, and Ringo Starr (Richard Starkey) Early members included: Stuart Sutcliffe and Peter Best Created first concept album, Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band 1970, band split 1980, Lennon murderedLennon
Elvis Presley Sold over 1 billion records worldwide 131 different albums/singles to achieve gold, platinum or multi-platinum status
Elvis Presley continued... Revolutionized television performances On the Ed Sullivan show: record-breaking, hip shaking, scandal making performance Caused a nation-wide scandal Many advertisers reconsidered their support of Presley Some believe he pioneered rock and roll Actor; movies included: Blue Hawaii, Jailhouse Rock, and King Creole
Oprah Winfrey Baltimore Talk show, People Are Talking Chicago Morning talk show, A.M. Chicago 1986 launched the Oprah Winfrey Show Grossed $125 million by end of first year
Oprah Winfrey continued... Production company Harpo Productions Oprah spelled backwards Privately syndicating her show allowed her to make more money Oprah Book Club 1999 – Oxygen channel Magazine: O: The Oprah Magazine
Pioneers in the Sports Marketing Industry
Michael Jordan Greatest player ever to play basketball Nike and NBA marketed him as Air Jordan Minor league baseball with Birmingham Barons, the Double A affiliate of Chicago White Sox
Michael Jordan continued... Movie Space Jam President of Basketball Operations for the Washington Wizards Endorses products including: Nike Gatorade Sara Lee Corporations Hanes brand clothier Rayovac Chevrolet
Mildred Babe Didrickson Zaharias Greatest female athlete of all time Female Athlete of the Year six times Sports included: Basketball, track, golf, baseball, tennis, swimming, diving, boxing, volleyball, handball, bowling, billiards, skating, cycling
Mildred Babe Didrickson Zaharias continued... First female athlete to sign an endorsement contract Wilson Sporting Goods $100,000
William (Bill) H.G. France Sr. Founded National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) Founded International Speedway Corporation (ISC) – owns and/or operates: Daytona International Speedway Talladega Superspeedway
William (Bill) H.G. France Sr. continued... Michigan International Speedway California Speedway Homestead-Miami Speedway Phoenix International Raceway Richmond International Raceway Darlington Raceway North Carolina Speedway Kansas Speedway
Jack Jackie Roosevelt Robinson First student to letter in four sports at UCLA Baseball Basketball Football Track & field Professional football for Los Angeles Bulldogs
Jack Jackie Roosevelt Robinson continued... Broke Major League Baseball color barrier – offered contract to play for the Brooklyn Dodgers Won National League batting title and Most Valuable Player awards Former President of Chock Full ONuts – restaurant and coffee company
Jackie Joyner-Kersee Basketball scholarship at UCLA Cover of Sports Illustrated – labeled Super Woman First female to be named The Sporting News Man of the Year
George Babe Herman Ruth Jr. Baseballs first great slugger Called Bambino & The Sultan of Swat Babe came from Jack Dunn, former manager of the Baltimore Orioles Orioles sold his contract to the Boston Red Sox and then sold to the New York Yankees
George Babe Herman Ruth Jr. continued... Yankee Stadium is considered The House that Ruth Built Associated Press Athlete of the Century Member of ESPNs Sport Century/Athletes of the Century Voted Greatest Baseball player of all- time by the Sporting News
Cassius Clay Self-promoted as I am the Greatest! Won Gold Medal – Olympics – Light Heavyweight division Defeated Sonny Liston to become the World Heavyweight Champion Known for his speeches and rhymes. Joined Nation of Islam – changed name to Muhammad Ali
Cassius Clay aka:Muhammad Ali Refused to join the Army. Was stripped of boxing title and license. The Supreme Court reversed the conviction. Rumble in the Jungle in Kinshasa, Zaire – defeated George Foreman to regain the World Heavyweight Championship. Thrilla in Manilla – defeated Joe Frazier Lit the torch at Olympic Summer Games in Atlanta, GA although he had Parkinsons disease.
Max Muhleman Founded Muhleman Marketing Inc. in Charlotte Clients include: Anheuser-Busch, Coca- Cola, and DuPont Created permanent seat license Helped Charlotte to acquire the Charlotte Hornets and the Carolina Panthers
Vince McMahon Born Pinehurst, NC Graduated from East Carolina University 1982 – purchased Capitol Wrestling from father, later called World Wrestling Federation Called professional wrestling sports entertainment Battled World Wildlife Fund to keep WWF. Courts ruled against the World Wrestling Federation. Changed name to World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE)
Examine the Evolution of Sports and Entertainment Marketing
Sports Marketing 1858 – Fans paid to attend a baseball game between two teams in the New York City area at Fashion Rack Course in Queens – National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) was officially formed to govern collegiate athletics – Lou Gehrig appeared on a Wheaties box.
Sports Marketing 1943 – All-American Girls Professional Baseball League was formed due to many Major League Baseball players serving in WWII – Wilson Sporting Goods signed golfer Babe Didrickson Zaharias to an endorsement contract for $100,000 per year.
Sports Marketing 1964 – Phil Knight opens Blue Ribbon Sports. In 1972, the name is changed to Nike – Title IX is enacted, mandating equal access to educational opportunities for men and women – Rich Foods pays $60,000/year for the naming rights to the Buffalo Bills football stadium.
Sports Marketing 1980 – The US boycotts the Summer Olympics in Moscow – The Olympics becomes commercialized. Peter Ueberoth helps to make the Olympics profitable – Olympic Park in Atlanta, GA is bombed.
Entertainment Marketing – Introduction of outdoor entertainment including bowling, primitive amusement rides, music and dancing – Development of recording of sound on motion picture film – First commercial radio stations with regularly scheduled broadcasts.
Entertainment Marketing 1926 – RCA established the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) 1927 – Farnsworth transmits first electronic television picture; receives patent – The Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) is founded.
Entertainment Marketing 1929 – The Stock Market Crash leads to the Great Depression closing nearly three-fourths of amusement parks – First television is sold – Televisions are in over one million homes – Color television is introduced.
Entertainment Marketing 1955 – Disneyland in Anaheim, California opens costing $17 million to build. 3.8 million visitors come the first year 1960 – Over 100 million television sets are in homes around the world – Six Flags opens in Texas First regional theme park
Entertainment Marketing 1971 – The Magic Kingdom in Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida opens costing $375 million to build 1980 – CNN, the first all news network, is launched by Turner Cable Network 1980 – Prince Charles and Diana Spencer are married on international television
Entertainment Marketing 1981 – First IBM Personal Computers are available for retail sales 1981 – MTV debuts 1982 – Michael Jacksons Thriller sells 20 million albums Largest selling record ever 1983 – First compact disc is released
Entertainment Marketing 1985 – Nintendo home entertainment system is introduced 1989 – Time and Warner merge to become Time Warner Inc – First television program delivered via the Internet (webcast) 1997 – Princess Diana is killed in an automobile accident