Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13 Section 3 India: The Worlds Largest Democracy 6.02 Examine the influence of education and technology on productivity and economic development."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 13 Section 3 India: The Worlds Largest Democracy 6.02 Examine the influence of education and technology on productivity and economic development in selected nations and regions of Africa, Asia, and Australia 8.03 Identify major discoveries, innovations, and inventions and assess their influence on societies past and present.
Government Republic Agriculture Structure Industry Challenges High Tech
Republic Representative democracy Officials are elected to represent the people Federal System Similar to United States Divides power between central government and the states India has 28 states and 7 union territories
Structure Two house parliament Lok Sabha (House of the People) LAWK SUHB hah Raiya Sabha (Council of the States) RAHj yuh SUHB hah Offices –President: The Chief of State –Prime Minister: Head of the Government
Challenges Pakistan Hindu vs Muslim - Violence between these groups Kashmir On going source of tension Contains the Indus River Princely state that decided to join India, but through war was divided between India and Pakistan Fear of nuclear war
Challenges (contd) Population Explosion 1.1 Billion in 2005, est. 1.6 Billion by 2050 Lack of housing, food, water, jobs, health care, and government services Steps to deal Population Explosion Persuade people to have fewer children Improve womens life through education and job opportunities Improving education system
Agriculture About half of Indias land is used for agriculture Most people make their living farming Average farm is 5 acres, but most are less than 3 acres Main crops are rice, wheat, oil seed, cotton, tea, sugar cane, and jute Green Revolution Seeds that yield more crops per acre Subsistence farming Subsistence farming means people grow only enough food to feed their families
Industry Main Product is Cotton Textiles Natural Resources Iron ore Coal Manganese Bauxite Chromium Silver Diamonds Emeralds
Industry (contd) Cottage Industries Refers to businesses where workers produce goods in their home –Textiles –Brassware –Jewelry –Leather goods –Matches –Incense
High Tech Information technology is fasted growing industry in India 1991-2000 - $150 Million to $5.7 Billion Outsourcing of tech support jobs by US companies Controversial among many Americans
Review Copy Question in your Notebook and provide a complete answer to each. Review 1.Describe why it is controversial for US companies to outsource high tech jobs to India. 2.Describe why the conflict over Kashmir is a global problem rather than just a regional problem.