10Breastfeeding….*protects your baby from gastrointestinal trouble, respiratory problems, and ear infections*protects your baby from developing allergies*may boost your child's intelligence*may protect against obesity later in life*may protect your baby from childhood leukemia* may protect your baby from developing type 1 diabetes
11*may protect preemies from infections and high blood pressure later in life *may lower your baby's risk of SIDS *helps you lose weight*can lower your stress levels and reduce postpartum bleeding*may reduce your risk of some types of cancer *may protect against osteoporosis later in life
12Advantages of bottle feeding… Babies need to be fed less frequently since it is more difficult to digest.If you are bottle feeding your baby, you know exactly how much milk your baby has had.Baby can be fed by anyoneYour social life does not need to be curtailed. You can resume your normal life.
13Decisions before birth: Car seatNC Law-All children must be in a:car seat in the rear seat if child is less than 5 years old, weighs less than 40 pounds, and if the vehicle has passenger side air bag(should face the rear of the vehicle as long as possible, but at a minimum should not be turned around until AT LEAST 20 pounds AND at least 1 year of age)
14Big boys and girlsCar seat or booster seat if under age 8 and under 80 pounds
15Making Cribs and Beds Safe Safety At HomeMaking Cribs and Beds Safe1) the top of the adjustable rail at its highest positionmust be at least 26 inches above the of the mattress support at its lowest position, and2) all wood surfaces must be smooth and free fromsplinters;3)To prevent head entrapment and suffocation betweenthe mattress and crib sides, a mattress used in full-sizecribs must be at least 27¼ inches by 51⅝ inches with athickness not exceeding 6 inches.
16Family leave:determine financesnew parents’ roleswork scheduleschild care
17Potty break…. (Go over Rubric for project) **flour baby projects will be given back on Monday
18March 12 Reminder of Pregnancy booklet is due March 19 Give out progress reports, flour baby books, and bean projectsFinish up lesson from Friday (preparing the home for baby)
19Partners… **NO YOU MAY NOT CHANGE Andrew, HannahJennifer, TierraSakiquioa, AllisonAlayni, TaylorKaitlin, NickLisa, CameronAshley, MylinhHaylee, MarandaJared, OliviaAna-Len, Seirah
21When Children are free from danger they are safe. Parents should look for ways to keep their children safe at home and away from home.When Children are free from danger they are safe.Childproofing The HomeKitchens, Bathrooms, heat sources, any room the baby will be in
22Home Fires Safety At Home Fire alarms should be checked regularly. Batteries should be fresh.Carbon Monoxide Detectors. Carbon Monoxide is the silent killer. These are good if you have fireplace or work in the garage a lot.
23Home Fires Safety At Home Keep a fire extinguisher handy in your kitchen or other areas
24Safety At HomeFirearm SafetyKeep all firearms up away from the reach of children AND keep a lock on your firearm!!!
25Never leave a child a lone around water!! Safety At HomeBathing Children SafelyCover faucets with rubber safety kits!Use baby tubs for infants!Never leave a child a lone around water!!
26Preventing Falls Use Gates near stairs! Use foam/rubber edge guards! Safety At HomePreventing FallsUse Gates near stairs!Use foam/rubber edge guards!Use Door/draw locks so kids cant climb up furniture!
27Preventing Suffocation Safety At HomePreventing SuffocationKeep clothes fitted not loseKeep blankets, stuff animals, and extra things out of the crib!
28Prevent Choking Meal time Safety Safety At HomeMeal time SafetyPrevent ChokingKeep Toddlers away from foods that are hard to chew! (string cheese)Learn CPR and the Heimlich maneuver!2,800 people die each year from choking
29Preventing Poisoning Keep all cleaning chemicals locked away Safety At HomePreventing PoisoningKeep all cleaning chemicals locked awayKeep all doors and draws locked
30Safety Away From Home Playground Safety all playground surfaces should be covered with either a rubber or rubber-like mat or at least 12 inches of pea gravel, sand, mulch, or wood chips.The landing surface should stick out at least six feet in every direction from the play structures.to prevent falls in the first place, all platforms or ramps should have guardrails or other barriersToddlers and babies should use only full-bucket swings, not half-bucket swings.No sharp edges sticking out.• Make sure there are no strings, belts, or straps hanging from your child's clothing.Keep a close eye on your children. The safest playgrounds are the ones where parents are looking out for kids. Stay close!
31Safety Away From Home Water Safety all playground surfaces should be covered with either a rubber or rubber-like mat or at least 12 inches of pea gravel, sand, mulch, or wood chips.The landing surface should stick out at least six feet in every direction from the play structures.to prevent falls in the first place, all platforms or ramps should have guardrails or other barriersToddlers and babies should use only full-bucket swings, not half-bucket swings.
32No sharp edges sticking out. Make sure there are no strings, belts, or straps hanging from your child's clothing.Keep a close eye on your children. The safest playgrounds are the ones where parents are looking out for kids. Stay close!
33Childbirth classes Lamaze aimed at removing all kinds of fear and tension during laborClasses involve stretching and strengthening exercises, learning the art of relaxation and breathing techniques, laborMoms-to-be start takingLamaze classesanytime the first trimester(fathers, too)
34Normal labor, birth, and the early postpartum period (using videos of real births) • How to be active and informed participants during childbirth• Focused breathing techniques for labor• Other relaxation techniques and natural strategies to help you work with labor pain, such as massage, walking, position changes, and hydrotherapy• Tips to help your partner be encouraging and supportive during labor
35• The value of one-on-one professional support during labor • How to communicate with your healthcare team so your needs are met• Complications that could arise during labor and birth, and interventions that might be medically necessary• Epidurals and other options for managing pain with medication• Early interaction with your baby• Breastfeeding
36teaches natural childbirth and views birth as a natural process Bradley Method12 weeks of classesteaches natural childbirth and views birth as a natural processsystem of natural labor techniques in which a woman and her coach play an active part
37Bradley method teaches: *natural childbirth - nearly 90% of Bradley moms having vaginal births do so without pain medication*active participation by the husband as coach*nutrition*avoidance of drugs during pregnancy, birth, and breastfeeding, unless absolutely necessary*relaxation and NATURAL breathing management*“tuning-in" to your own body and trusting the natural process*immediate and continuous contact with your new baby*breastfeeding, beginning at birth provides immunities and nutrition*consumerism and positive communications
38LeBoyer method Dr. Fredric Leboyer 1970’s 1975 Birth without Violence Goal: minimize the trauma and stress experienced by a baby at birth
39Leboyer Method includes: quiet room that has low or dim lightingminimize noise levelsnot pulling on the baby's headbaby placed on mom’s stomach after she or he is bornbaby is gently massaged to ease cryingumbilical cord will not be cut until it has stopped pulsatingbaby may be placed in warm tub of water
40You should definitely call your practitioner if: • You are less than 37 weeks pregnant and are showing any signs of pre-term labor• Your water breaks or you think you're leaking amniotic fluid• You have vaginal bleeding, fever, or severe or constant pain• Your baby stops moving or begins to move less
42Dilation of cervix Contractions Placenta is delivered 3 stages of birthDilation of cervixContractionsPlacenta is delivered
43Stages of Labor First stage (several hours-24 hours) dilation of cervix*checked during a pelvic exam*measured in centimeters, from 0 cm (no dilation) to 10 cm (fully dilated)*4 cm dilated=active stage of labor*fully dilated=ready to start pushing
44Effacement*cervix softens as it's preparing for labor*usually begins during the last month of pregnancy*by delivery day, cervix will have stretched from around 1 inch in width to paper thinness*doctor or midwife may start checking for gradual effacement during last two months of pregnancy with internal exams during prenatal visits *effacement is measured in percentages:0%= no effacement100%= fully effaced.
45Contractions*uterus contracts*contractions get longer, stronger*true contractions=closer together, last30-70 secondsBaby moves into position
46Anesthesia may be used Other options: Epidural-A needle is placed between the vertebrae into a space called an epidural space. Medication is then placed into this space through a small catheter which is left in placed and taped.Other options:Demerol and Nubain -can make you drowsy, dizzy and cause nausea and vomitingparacervical block - local anesthetic injected around the cervix to numb the nerves that go to the perineumSpinal anesthesia- local anesthesia placed into the back into the spinal fluid; only lasts about an hour
47Transition*Lasts from few minutes-several hours*Contractions last 60 to 90 seconds and come two or three minutes apart*Dilate to 10 cm
48Second stage (few minutes-3 hours) *Contractions move baby through pelvis, out of vagina*pelvic ligaments stretch, bones open*episiotomy*baby moves through birth canal*head emerges, shoulders rotate, body is delivered, feet emerge
49Third stage (2 minutes-30 minutes) *placenta is delivered
51Newborn Procedures Vitamin K-helps blood clot Tests for hearing Blood test for PKUSilver nitrate dropsWeighed and measured
52What happens at birth? Apgar Scale (Virginia Apgar, 1952) One minute, 5 minutes after birthActivity (muscle tone)0 — Limp; no movement 1 — Some flexion of arms and legs 2 — Active motion Pulse (heart rate) 0 — No heart rate 1 — Fewer than 100 beats per minute 2 — At least 100 beats per minute Grimace (reflex response) 0 — No response to airways being suctioned 1 — Grimace during suctioning 2 — Grimace and pull away, cough, or sneeze during suctioning Appearance (color) 0 — The baby's whole body is completely bluish-gray or pale 1 — Good color in body with bluish hands or feet 2 — Good color all over Respiration (breathing) 0 — Not breathing 1 — Weak cry; may sound like whimpering, slow or irregular breathing 2 — Good, strong cry; normal rate and effort of breathing