Presentation on theme: "The Language of the Health Profession"— Presentation transcript:
1The Language of the Health Profession MEDICAL TERMINOLOGYThe Language of the Health ProfessionImagine yourself in a foreign country where you do not speak the language. Even simple conversations would be difficult. For example, what if you needto explain how to sew a dress to someone who does not know what certain words like baste, zipper, and stitch mean? No matter how intelligent you are, you would look pretty silly making sounds and gestures to explain simple sewing procedures.Each profession has its own language and jargon that makes it difficult for others to fully understand what is being said. (Comic) It is important to realize, however, that this specialized language is needed in order to communicate accurately and concisely. You have chosen to pursue an interest in the medical profession and it is important that you learn to “speak the lingo.”
2Using NC Careers bookexplore a career that’s title uses a Word root
3Bell…Complete worksheet Medical Terminology Identification 1-10
4Bellringer/Payday Day2 List 3 of the 10 Classroom expectations discussed in class yesterday.(This is not group/pairs work…do this on your own)
5Need 10 each colo thru glyco Group #1 True False…computer side Create your own test…..Word rootsNeed 10 each colo thru glycoGroup #1 True False…computer side…1st row of chairs- Fill in the blankGroup #3 Fill in the blank …2nd row of chairsGroup # 4 matching …sink sideComplete a key on a separate sheet of paperMake sure your name is on the paper.
6Quiz….. Wordroot quiz Fill in the blank 1) Chem _______ 2) _________Carcin3) cardio_________
7Make a foldable… Fold it two times to make 3 areas Labels are as follows…Center top Med Term TipsLeft top Taking terms apartLeft bottom Be sure of the MeaningRight top What did you Say?Flip itFour corners Word Root, Prefix, Suffix, Combining froms
8Four Parts to Medical Terms Word Root: main words or parts to which prefixes and suffixes can be added.Prefix: a syllable or word placed at the beginning of a (root) word. Often further defines the root word. Suffix: syllable or word placed at the end of the word. Usually describe what happened to the root word.Combining Form: When joined together often vowels are added: a, e,i ,ia, io, o, and u.Suffix:
9ORIGIN OF MEDICAL TERMS Hippocrates was a Greek physician and is known as the “father of medicine.”75% of medical terms are based on either Greek or Latin words.What’s in a word? The answer is a lot if it is a medical term. Each medical term has a basic word root or stem that usually comes from the Greek or Latin language. In fact 75% percent of medical terms are based on either Greek or Latin words.(Click) The Greeks were the founders of modern medicine, although Latin has become the universal source of medical language. Hippocrates was a Greek physician who lived from 460 to 377 B.C. and whose vital role in medicine is still recognized today. He is called the “Father of Medicine” and is credited with establishing early ethical standards for physicians.Defining medical terms is a lot like a puzzle. Most medical terms are a combination of two or more word parts or elements. The identification of a word involves a search for the meaning of each of its parts. When they are translated separately and combined into a word, the parts give the essential meaning of the entire word. (Give example- Tonsillitis, Hysterectomy` Osteoarthritis, Cardiomegaly.)
10ROOT WORDS cardi - root for heart hepat- root for liver neur - root for nervenephr - root for kidneycyt- root for cellA root is the foundation or basic meaning of a word.May appear with a prefix or suffix, or between a prefix or suffix.The fundamental method of building a medical vocabulary consists of breaking down a word and identifying its elements: prefix, suffix, root or roots, and combining form.Root (Click)A root is the foundation, or basic meaning of a word (click) and may appear with a prefix, or a suffix, or between a prefix and suffix. Prefixes and suffixes can never stand alone; they must always be attached to a root. (click) The word root for heart is cardi. However, the term cardi is not normally used by itself. It is commonly combined with another root word, prefix, or suffix to from a complete medical word.(Look at list of root words)
11Payday/BellringerDefine wordrootBe ready for quiz
12Payday Put your name on your homework, “Matching Careers” At the bottom, answer the following (no looking)1) HEAD_____2) SUGAR____3) RIBS______Pass it up!Get out your index cards, study 1st column (WR)quietly!
13Complete Matching Health Careers Make a quiz for tomorrow colo-glycoMult choiceFill in the blankmatching
14Bell ringerComplete all worksheets in Med terms packet…W/R quiz, Matching Careers, And Med term IDMake a quiz for tomorrow colo-glycoDo on your own, no talkingFill in Blank (side near computers)Matching (middle)Mult choice (side near sink)Don’t forget the KEY!
15What body part? Again quietly Decide which one will do Left column or right columnWrite only the wordroot, for a body part!
17SUFFIX Often indicates the procedure, condition, disorder, or disease. A suffix is the word ending that follows the word root and changes its meaning.Often indicates the procedure, condition, disorder, or disease.-itis - suffix means inflammation-ology - suffix means the study of- ectomy- suffix means surgical removal-plast- suffix means surgical repair(Click) A suffix is the word ending that follows the word root and changes its meaning. (Click) Suffixes usually, but not always, indicate the procedure, condition, disorder, or disease,(click)Tonsil - root word means tonsil.-itis - suffix means inflammation.Tonsillitis - means inflammation of the tonsils.(Click through others and give examples)
18BellDefine Prefix, how can it change a word root?
19PREFIX Pre - prefix means before peri- prefix means around hemi - prefix means halfmacro - prefix means largeneo- prefix means newThe prefix is a part of the word that precedes the word root and changes its meaning.Often indicates location, time, or number.(Click) A prefix is a part of a word that precedes the word root and changes its meaning.(click) Prefixes usually, but not always, indicate location, time, or number.
20Break down and define the following medical terms. pericarditisleukocytehepatitisneuroplasty
22leukocyte leuko- prefix means white cyte - root word means cell leukocyte means white cell
23Nephritis Nephr - root words means kidney -itis suffix means inflammationNephritis means inflammation of the kidney
24hepatitis hepat - root word means liver -itis - suffix means inflammationhepatitis - means inflammation of the liver
25neuroplasty neuro - root word means nerve or nerves -plasty - suffix means surgical repairneuroplasty means surgical repair of the nerve
26Assignment Create index/flash cards for 1st 24 Word roots Complete Matching health careersBe prepared for a quiz…1st 24 Word roots
27Combining FormsCombining form consists of the word root and a connecting vowel to make it easier to pronounce and attach another root word or suffix.A,e,i,ia,io, and u(Click) The combining form consists of the word root and a connecting vowel to make it easier to pronounce and atach another root word or suffix(Click) The combining form for heart is cardi/o(Click) The combining form associated with cells is cyt/o(Click) The combining term associated with tissue is hist/oOnce again the terms cyt and hist represent the word roots or foundations. The combining forms can not be put together with prefixes, suffixes, and other root words to produce a multitude of medical terms.
28Bell ringer….complete the Quiz! This is your work, not to be done in pairs. Eyes on your on own paper!
29Basic Rules for the Combining Vowel The combining vowel is not used when the suffix begins with a vowel. (neuritis)The combining vowel is used when the suffix begins with a consonant. (neuroplasty)(Click)There are some basic rules which determine when the combining vowel is used and is not used.(Click) The combining vowel is not used when the suffix begins with a vowel.Neur/o -nerve-it is - inflammationNeuritis - inflammation of nerves or a nerve(Click) The combining vowel is used when the suffix begins with a consonant.Neur/o - means nerve or nerves-plasty - suffix means surgical repairNeuroplasty - surgical repair of the nervePractice Sheet for homework.
30Taking Terms ApartTo determine a word’s meaning by looking at the component pieces, you must first separate it into word parts.Always start at the end of the word, with the suffix, and work your way toward the beginning.As you separate the word parts, identifying the meaning of each part should give you the definition of the term.
31Be sure of the Meaning!Because some words have more than one meaning, it is also necessary to determine the context in which the term is being used. As used here, context means to determine which body system this term is referring to.If you have any doubt, use your medical dictionary to double-check your definition.
32Med Term TipPronunciation and Spelling are very important steps in word building.Ileum (ILL ee um), which means a part of the small intestine, is pronounced the same as the word ilium, which is a part of the hip bone. Ile/e with an e is the combining form for small intestine. Ili/o with an ‘I’ is the combining form meaning hipbone.4) Suffix -itis (inflammation) When these four components are put together, the word pericarditis (per ih dar DYE tis) is formed, meaning inflammation of the pericardium of the heart.
33Med Term TipsThe general rule for forming medical terms is that most terms will consist of four parts:Word Building part Example1) Word Root cardi (heart)2) Prefix peri- (around)3) Combining form cardi/o (heart)4) it is (inflamation)
34Med Term TipsRemember to break down every word into the components (prefix, word root/combing form and suffix) when you are learning medical terminology. Do not try to memorize every term. Instead, figure out how the word is formed from its components.In short time you will be able to do this automatically when you see a term.
35Med Term TipsIf a suffix begins with a vowel, the combining vowel usually (o) is dropped: for example, mastitis (mas TYE tis) rather than mastoitis. A new medical term is formed when …a suffix is added
36What did you say?? Ps sounds like “s” Example: psychiatrist Pn sounds like “n”Example: pneumoniaC is a Soft “s”When it comes before e, i, or yExample: cyte G sounds like j when it comes before e, i, and yExample: Gestation Pronunciation Pronunciation
37Bellringer: Allied Health I Make flashcards for remaining word Roots in the first columnStudy!!!There will be a test on ALL Word Roots FRIDAY!!!
38Payday!Create a story or letter to a friend describing what you saw or did over summer/winter break.You must proper and correct grammar and punctuation. Include at least 10 valid medical terms.You may need a dictionaryThis should be no less than ½ page in length.Be Creative! It does not have to be true.10 items=10 points!