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MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY The Language of the Health Profession.

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Presentation on theme: "MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY The Language of the Health Profession."— Presentation transcript:


2 MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY The Language of the Health Profession

3 Using NC Careers book explore a career thats title uses a Word root

4 Bell… Complete worksheet Medical Terminology Identification 1- 10

5 Bellringer/Payday Day2 List 3 of the 10 Classroom expectations discussed in class yesterday. (This is not group/pairs work…do this on your own)

6 Create your own test….. Word roots Need 10 each colo thru glyco Group #1True False…computer side …1st row of chairs- Fill in the blank Group #3 Fill in the blank …2nd row of chairs Group # 4matching …sink side Complete a key on a separate sheet of paper Make sure your name is on the paper.

7 Quiz….. Wordroot quiz Fill in the blank 1) Chem _______ 2) _________Carcin 3) cardio_________

8 Make a foldable… Fold it two times to make 3 areas Labels are as follows… Center top Med Term Tips Left top Taking terms apart Left bottom Be sure of the Meaning Right top What did you Say? Flip it Four corners Word Root, Prefix, Suffix, Combining froms

9 Four Parts to Medical Terms Word Root: main words or parts to which prefixes and suffixes can be added. Prefix: a syllable or word placed at the beginning of a (root) word. Often further defines the root word. Suffix: syllable or word placed at the end of the word. Usually describe what happened to the root word. Combining Form: When joined together often vowels are added: a, e,i,ia, io, o, and u. Suffix:

10 ORIGIN OF MEDICAL TERMS Hippocrates was a Greek physician and is known as the father of medicine. 75% of medical terms are based on either Greek or Latin words.

11 ROOT WORDS A root is the foundation or basic meaning of a word. May appear with a prefix or suffix, or between a prefix or suffix. cardi - root for heart hepat- root for liver neur - root for nerve nephr - root for kidney cyt- root for cell

12 Payday/Bellringer Define wordroot Be ready for quiz

13 Payday Put your name on your homework, Matching Careers At the bottom, answer the following (no looking) –1) HEAD_____ –2) SUGAR____ –3) RIBS______ –Pass it up! –Get out your index cards, study 1 st column (WR)quietly!

14 Complete Matching Health Careers Make a quiz for tomorrow colo-glyco Mult choice Fill in the blank matching

15 Bell ringer Complete all worksheets in Med terms packet…W/R quiz, Matching Careers, And Med term ID Make a quiz for tomorrow colo-glyco Do on your own, no talking –Fill in Blank (side near computers) –Matching (middle) –Mult choice (side near sink) Dont forget the KEY!

16 What body part? Again quietly Decide which one will do Left column or right column Write only the wordroot, for a body part!

17 Study for quiz

18 SUFFIX A suffix is the word ending that follows the word root and changes its meaning. Often indicates the procedure, condition, disorder, or disease. -itis - suffix means inflammation -ology - suffix means the study of - ectomy- suffix means surgical removal -plast- suffix means surgical repair

19 Bell Define Prefix, how can it change a word root?

20 PREFIX Pre - prefix means before peri- prefix means around hemi - prefix means half macro - prefix means large neo- prefix means new The prefix is a part of the word that precedes the word root and changes its meaning. Often indicates location, time, or number.

21 Break down and define the following medical terms. pericarditis leukocyte hepatitis neuroplasty

22 pericarditis

23 leukocyte leuko- prefix means white cyte - root word means cell leukocyte means white cell

24 Nephritis Nephr - root words means kidney -itis suffix means inflammation Nephritis means inflammation of the kidney

25 hepatitis hepat - root word means liver -itis - suffix means inflammation hepatitis - means inflammation of the liver

26 neuroplasty neuro - root word means nerve or nerves -plasty - suffix means surgical repair neuroplasty means surgical repair of the nerve

27 Assignment Create index/flash cards for 1 st 24 Word roots Complete Matching health careers Be prepared for a quiz…1 st 24 Word roots

28 Combining Forms Combining form consists of the word root and a connecting vowel to make it easier to pronounce and attach another root word or suffix. A,e,i,ia,io, and u

29 Bell ringer….complete the Quiz! This is your work, not to be done in pairs. Eyes on your on own paper!

30 Basic Rules for the Combining Vowel The combining vowel is not used when the suffix begins with a vowel. (neuritis) The combining vowel is used when the suffix begins with a consonant. (neuroplasty)

31 Taking Terms Apart To determine a words meaning by looking at the component pieces, you must first separate it into word parts. Always start at the end of the word, with the suffix, and work your way toward the beginning. As you separate the word parts, identifying the meaning of each part should give you the definition of the term.

32 Because some words have more than one meaning, it is also necessary to determine the context in which the term is being used. As used here, context means to determine which body system this term is referring to. If you have any doubt, use your medical dictionary to double-check your definition.

33 Med Term Tip Ileum (ILL ee um), which means a part of the small intestine, is pronounced the same as the word ilium, which is a part of the hip bone. Ile/e with an e is the combining form for small intestine. Ili/o with an I is the combining form meaning hipbone. 4) Suffix -itis (inflammation) When these four components are put together, the word pericarditis (per ih dar DYE tis) is formed, meaning inflammation of the pericardium of the heart. Pronunciation and Spelling are very important steps in word building.

34 Med Term Tips The general rule for forming medical terms is that most terms will consist of four parts: Word Building part Example 1) Word Root cardi (heart) 2) Prefix peri- (around) 3) Combining form cardi/o (heart) 4) it is (inflamation)

35 Med Term Tips Remember to break down every word into the components (prefix, word root/combing form and suffix) when you are learning medical terminology. Do not try to memorize every term. Instead, figure out how the word is formed from its components. In short time you will be able to do this automatically when you see a term.

36 Med Term Tips If a suffix begins with a vowel, the combining vowel usually (o) is dropped: for example, mastitis (mas TYE tis) rather than mastoitis. A new medical term is formed when …a suffix is added

37 What did you say?? Ps sounds like s Example: psychiatrist Pn sounds like n Example: pneumonia C is a Soft s When it comes before e, i, or y Example: cyte G sounds like j when it comes before e, i, and y Example: Gestation Pronunciation

38 Bellringer: Allied Health I Make flashcards for remaining word Roots in the first column Study!!! There will be a test on ALL Word Roots FRIDAY!!!

39 Payday! Create a story or letter to a friend describing what you saw or did over summer/winter break. You must proper and correct grammar and punctuation. Include at least 10 valid medical terms. You may need a dictionary This should be no less than ½ page in length. Be Creative! It does not have to be true. 10 items=10 points!


41 Bellringer Create a word root test Need at least 10 questions Create a key Mix it up –Matching –True/ false –Multiple choice –Fill in the blank –Make sure your name is on the paper

42 Pin it Where? Identify all word roots that are body parts Write it on a sticky note Find a partner Stick it to the appropriate place!

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