Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Tsinchu, Taiwan ITRS 2003 Front End Process ITRS Conference December 2, 2003 Hsinchu, Taiwan.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Tsinchu, Taiwan ITRS 2003 Front End Process ITRS Conference December 2, 2003 Hsinchu, Taiwan."— Presentation transcript:

1 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Tsinchu, Taiwan ITRS 2003 Front End Process ITRS Conference December 2, 2003 Hsinchu, Taiwan

2 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan FEP Technology Working Groups Starting Materials: H. Huff, D. Meyers Surface Preparation: J. Butterbaugh, J. Barnett Thermal Films: C. Osburn, H. Huff FEOL Etch: G. Smith, Y. Kim Doping: L. Larson, D. Mercer DRAM Trench Capacitor: Europe FEP, B. Vollmer, M. Gutsche DRAM Stack Capacitor: Japan FEP, M. Kubota, K. Kaneda Flash Memory: M. Alessandri, (Eur)H.K Kang (S. Kor FeRAM: Japan FEP, M. Kubota

3 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan FEP- The Grand Challenges Introduction of many new materials into the CMOS Logic and DRAM process flows ( ) –High k gate dielectric layers –Dual metal gates –New DRAM storage capacitor structures and materials –New substrate materials such as SOI and strained silicon –Alternate memory devices and materials, e.g. MRAM, FeRAM Beyond 2007, the probable introduction and CMOS integration of non-standard, dual-gate MOSFETs e.g. FINFET

4 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan MOSFET Scaling- One scenario Enhanced bulk devices –Strained silicon channels –Dual work function metal gates (for p-MOS and N-MOS –High-k gate dielectric Planar fully depleted SOI –Incorporate bulk enhancements –Silicon film thickness ~0.4 Lgate –Elevated contacts Fully Depleted Double Gate

5 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan Bulk Scaling Challenges- Year /2X every 4-6 years 2 metals replace dual doped poly High-k replaces Silicon Oxynitride NiSi replaces CoSi 2 Strained Si:Ge replaces Si Drain extension Rs problems Metal/Silicon Contact Rs problems Gate Length Scaling and 10% 3 CD Control !!!!!

6 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan Challenges: Dual metal gate integration CD Control (10% 3 ) Spacer integrity Silicide/Si contact Rs Active Layer t control Hi-k integration Zero Damage Cleaning Box layer t control Drain extension Rs and gate drain overlap Epi-Bulk interface contamination FD SOI Scaling Challenges Box Layer Dual metal gates (nMOS, pMOS) Contact NiSi Epi Elevated Contact Strained Silicon Active Layer High-k Dielectric Sidewall spacer Active layer thickness ~0.4 Lgate, must scale with gate length

7 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan Double- or Tri-Gate Device Scaling Buried Oxide Layer SourceDrain Silicon Fin Channel Metal Gates 1 & = High N doping = Light P doping Gate Dielectric Layer (not shown)

8 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan FIN FET Challenges Gate 1 Gate 2 Source Drain Sidewall Spacers Hi-k Gate Dielectric Layers Drain Extensions Challenges: Gate CD Control Metal Gate Integration Fin Thickness control Drain Extension parasitic resistance Silicon/Silicide contact Resistance Sidewall spacer integrity High-k gate dielectric integration Zero damage cleaning Fin Thickness ~0.8 Lgate, must scale with gate length scaling

9 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan Starting Materials, Near- Term Issues & Challenges Production Ramp of SOI substrates- –Production capacity & capability –Metrology capability New Substrate Materials Likely- –Strained silicon on bulk –Strained silicon on SOI –May be a family of products Site Flatness (FEP Difficult Challenge) –Difficult to achieve –Wafer/chuck interactions add to overall non-flatness –Wafer/Chuck interactions poorly understood

10 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan FEP Surface Preparation Near-tem red wall –FEP surface cleaning with very low silicon loss –FEP surface cleaning with very low silicon oxide loss Cleaning process for newly introduced materials –High-k gate dielectric material(s) –Dual work function metal gates –DRAM High-k capacitor dielectric materials –Strained silicon Cleaning of high aspect ratio structures –Stacked and Trench capacitors –Vias Fragile structures limit cleaning options

11 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan FEP Surface-Preparation, Near- Term Red Wall Note: Loss is defined as the average lost per pass, experienced after multiple cleaning passes: e.g. 0.2 Angstrom loss/pass is equivalent to 2 Angstrom loss after 10 cleaning passes Dry strip and clean processes more complex process flows with more cleans, combined with more shallow structures combine to mandate low substrate loss cleaning processes

12 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan Front-End Etch 10% 3 control of Gate Length represents a significant near term challenge –Lithography variances contribute to overall variance –Resist & Trim variances also contribute Near Term work-arounds are assume to exist –Design for greater variance –Accept lesser binning yields

13 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan Etch Challenges Work-arounds exist

14 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan FEP Thermal/Films Most challenging issue remains the introduction of High-k gate dielectric layers Candidate materials are emerging but none are free of major disadvantages –Interface states at channel and at polysilicon gate electrode –Poor charge carrier mobility –Threshold voltage shifts –CMOS integration challenges High-k gate dielectric layers require introduction before 2007 for low standby power MOSFETS –Lowered gate leakage allowance (vs 2001 ITRS) for HP drives need High-k gate dielectric in 2007 –Gate leakage for Low Standby Power Devices drives need for high-k gate dielectric in 2006 Gate Dielectric Layer Thickness control is emerging as an important challenge STI added for 2003 Roadmap

15 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan Thermal/Films Red Walls

16 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan STI Thermal Films Requirements

17 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan FEP/Doping Major challenges continue to surround the achievement of ultra- shallow, abrupt, highly activated drain extensions. –Drives innovation in ion implantation processes & equipments –Drives R&D for very rapid activation processes Attempts at more sophisticated model-based forecasting of Source/Drain requirements have not yet yielded conclusive results –S/D requirements highly interactive with overall transistor design –S/D requirements for bulk devices are different from SOI and future non-planar double gate devices –Drain Extension requirements are listed as target values Modeling of polysilicon gate depletion suggest that metal gates have potential to significantly extend the life of SiON gate dielectric materials

18 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan Doping Challenges

19 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan HP Logic, Metal Gate Delays Need for High-k Gate Dielectric Modeling done by H. Gossmann, Axcelis Technologies Inc.

20 2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Hsin Chu, Taiwan Chip Size Model modified, based on survey of DRAM manufacturers –Storage cell area increased from prior ITRS –DRAM peripheral area decreased from prior ITRS –Need for very high-k storage capacitor dielectric materials (e.g. BST) delayed beyond 2009 –Aluminum Oxide, Aluminates (e.g. HfAlOx) and Tantalum oxide remain capacitor materials of consideration for the time period Capacitor structure migrates from MIS to MIM in order to avoid challenges regarding capacitor dielectric thickness Total interlevel metal +dielectric (except storage node) is assumed to be 1.08nm at the 180nm node, and to decrease at a rate of 10% every three years. Storage node heights, dielectric constants of high-k materials, and capacitor structures (cylinder, etc) remain unchanged from prior roadmaps DRAM Stacked Capacitor


Download ppt "2 December 2003 – ITRS Public Conference Tsinchu, Taiwan ITRS 2003 Front End Process ITRS Conference December 2, 2003 Hsinchu, Taiwan."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google