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Creation of a National Capital Beth Roland 8 th Grade Science Jacobs Fork Middle.

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Presentation on theme: "Creation of a National Capital Beth Roland 8 th Grade Science Jacobs Fork Middle."— Presentation transcript:

1 Creation of a National Capital Beth Roland 8 th Grade Science Jacobs Fork Middle

2 Residence Act of July 16, 1790 Act passed by Congress that gave authorization to President George Washington to select a site to place the National Capital: Act passed by Congress that gave authorization to President George Washington to select a site to place the National Capital: – Must be a 100 square mile tract, in a square, with each side measuring 10 miles – Must be located on the Potomac River between Alexandria, Virginia and Williamsport, Maryland

3 The Survey of Then secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson directed Major Andrew Ellicott to begin a survey on February 12, 1791 – Ellicott hired Benjamin Banneker, an astronomer and mathematician He placed the Southern most point directly at the Lighthouse of Jones Point Alexandria – Laid on his back to find the point at which 6 stars would pass directly over that spot in a given night

4 Lay of the Land

5 The National Capital Created!

6 Using Geometry, District of Columbia is Outlined! Once the first point was plot, Ellicotts team embarked on a 40 mile journey, surveying 10- mile lines: – Starting at the southernmost point, heading Northwest Then Northeast Then Southeast Finally, southwest back to the starting position

7 Dem Stones, Dem Stones! The Alexandria Masonic Lodge placed a commemorative stone at the southern most corner on April 15 th, 1791 in a ceremony honoring Ellicott and federal district commissioners – Other stones, each made of Aquia Creek Sandstone, were placed at 1-mile intervals along the boundaries for a total of 40 stones laid Side facing DC was inscribed with Jurisdiction of the United States Opposite side mentioned either Virginia or Maryland depending on its original state location

8 Boundary Stones, past, present, and future The boundary stones as the OLDEST federal monuments. Surviving over 220 years! – Of the original 40 stones, 36 have survived in or near their original locations 2 replacement stones (SW 2 and SE 8) 2 have been lost/destroyed *Marcus Baker visited each stone during the summer of * Fred Woodward photographed all 39 surviving boundary stones (all but SW2) in 1906

9 Present and Future In 1915, The Washington DC chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution voluntarily assumed the responsibility of caring for the stones – Tall, iron fences were erected around each surviving stone – Several have been damaged/lost – Resurvey took place in 1990 to celebrate the DC bicentennial which located two of the then- missing stones, SE8 and SE4

10 Interesting Stones! Southernmost stone at Jones Point Lighthouse SW2 SW4 NW7 NW8 NE6 NE7 SE3

11 Interesting Stones SE4 SE6


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