Presentation on theme: "Informational Text and Multigenre Text Sets August 26, 2010 Jessica Fries-Gaither Beyond Penguins is funded by the National Science Foundation under Grant."— Presentation transcript:
Informational Text and Multigenre Text Sets August 26, 2010 Jessica Fries-Gaither Beyond Penguins is funded by the National Science Foundation under Grant No
A – Classroom Teacher B – Librarian C – Administrator D – Higher Education E – Other Answer using the poll buttons underneath the participant window! What best describes your professional position?
What grade(s) do you teach? A – Grades K-2 B – Grades 3-5 C – Grades 6-8 D – Grades 9-12 E – Other Answer using the poll buttons underneath the participant window!
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Informational Text and Multigenre Text Sets Download these slides at:
Todays presenter Jessica Fries-Gaither Education Resource Specialist The Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology School of Teaching and Learning
About Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears Online magazine Professional and instructional resources Science and literacy integration Aligned to national standards Multimedia
Todays Agenda Characteristics of nonfiction and informational text Including informational text in the classroom Multigenre text sets: an overview Creating and using multigenre text sets in science instruction
Answer using the poll buttons underneath the participant window! How often do you use nonfiction text in your classroom? A – Hardly ever B – When were doing research projects C – A couple of times a month/quarter D – At least once a week E – Daily
Research findings: 1 st grade classrooms Students spent an average of 3.6 minutes a day interacting with informational text Informational text constituted less than 10% of classroom libraries Informational text represented less than 3% of material on walls and other surfaces Duke, N. K. (2000). 3.6 minutes per day: The scarcity of informational texts in first grade. Reading Research Quarterly, 35,
Are the terms nonfiction text and informational text interchangeable? YESNONOT SURE Answer using the stamping tool to the left of the whiteboard!
Nonfiction vs. Informational Text Whats the difference, anyway? Nonf Informational Text Nonfiction Text
Characteristics of Informational Text Primary purpose is to convey information about natural and social world Addresses whole classes of things in a timeless way Comes in many different formats (books, magazines, handouts, brochures, CD-ROMs, the web) Duke, N. and Bennett-Armistead, V. S. (2003). Reading & Writing Informational Text in the Primary Grades. New York: Scholastic.
Genre Characteristics Narrative GenresInformational Genres Other Genres Primary PurposeTo entertain or convey an experience To convey information about the natural or social word Varies by genre ExamplesFairy tales, mysteries, fables, true stories, personal narratives, historical fiction All-about-books, question-and- answer books, most reference books Poetry, biography, menus, instructions, rules Typical OrganizationTemporallyTopicallyVaries by genre Some Other Key Features Includes characters, is goal-based Timeless verbs, generic nouns Varies by genre How Theyre Typically Read Linearly, as a wholeLinearly or nonlinearly Varies by genre Duke, N. and Bennett-Armistead, V. S. (2003). Reading & Writing Informational Text in the Primary Grades. New York: Scholastic.
Why use more informational text? Prepare students for future schooling Prepare students for real world reading and writing Some students prefer this genre Addresses students interests and questions Builds knowledge of natural and social world May help develop vocabulary and other kinds of literacy knowledge
Balancing genres in the classroom* *As recommended by Nell Duke and V. Susan Bennett-Armistead in Reading & Writing Informational Text in the Primary Grades Scholastic.
Lets pause for questions from the audience….
How familiar are you with multigenre text sets? I can explain what it is to someone else. Ive heard or seen the term. I have no idea! Answer using the stamping tool to the left of the whiteboard!
Nonfiction actually contains a variety of textual genres that reflect the different processes within scientific inquiry. Ebbers, M. (2002). Science text sets: Using various genres to promote literacy and inquiry. Language Arts 80(1), Multigenre nonfiction text
Genres of Nonfiction Text Explanation Reference Field Guides Biography How-To Narrative Expository Nonfiction Text Journal Informational Text
Reference Provides an account of phenomena based on current understanding The moon is Earths closest neighbor in space. It is about one quarter of a million miles away. In space that is very close. The moon travels around Earth. It is Earths only natural satellite. A satellite is an object that travels around another object. The moon takes about twenty seven days and eight hours to go around the Earth once. The Moon by Seymour Simon
Reference Boy, Were We Wrong About Dinosaurs! by Kathleen Kudlinski Long, long ago, before people knew anything about dinosaurs, giant bones were found in China. Wise men who saw the bones tried to guess what sort of enormous animal they could have come from… …Now we think that many of our own past guesses about dinosaurs were just as wrong as those of ancient China.
Explanation Explains how something happens or why it occurs Throw a ball up into the air. Watch what happens. It goes up for a short time, then falls down… Know what makes things fall? Its a force called gravity. As long as you are on earth, you cant get away from it. Gravity is always pulling things. Know which way? Down. Down. Down. I Fall Down by Vicki Cobb
Field Guides Label and classify objects Fossils By Chris and Helen Pellant
How-To Provide procedural steps for conducting investigations or completing a task Light and Color By Tom Jackson
How-To A Parade of Plants by Melissa Stewart
Narrative Expository Nonfiction information told through story But as the years went by, something strange happened. The dinosaurs bones began to turn into stone… …Millions of years went by. Up above, things changed. The river dried up and disappeared, and all the dinosaurs died. Grass and trees grew where the river had been, and different kinds of animals wandered around. Monster Bones: The Story of a Dinosaur Fossil by Jacqui Bailey
Biography Tells the life story of an individual At night, Benjamin lay on his bed and looked out the window. Stars sparkled in the inky-black sky. Some were brighter than others, and Benjamin wondered why. Some groups of starts looked like animals or shapes. Sometimes a star seemed to shoot across the sky. Benjamin wondered why. Benjamin Banneker: Pioneering Scientist by Ginger Wadsworth
Journal Procedural information told through narrative expository text 20 December Today we attach radio transmitters to fifteen penguins. Each transmitter is tuned to a unique frequency. This will allow us to track individual penguins when they go out to sea to feed…The adult penguins with chicks can be extremely defensive, which makes them difficult to catch without getting painful bruises. My Season with Penguins by Sophie Webb
Lets pause for questions from the audience….
Creating a multigenre text set Organized around a theme Purposeful selection of books Consider how each book will be used Consider how each book relates to the set as a whole Not every genre must be represented
Text in an inquiry learning cycle Engage students and spark questions Build or activate prior knowledge Guide students in designing investigations Develop understandings gained in inquiry Mentor texts for representing data and communicating results Expand on knowledge gained
How will you incorporate a multigenre text set into your practice? Answer using the text box tool to the left of the whiteboard! Or, type in the chat window.
For More Information Ebbers, M. (2002). Science text sets: Using various genres to promote literacy and inquiry. Language Arts 80(1), Duke, N. & Bennett-Armistead, V. S. (2003). Reading & writing informational text in the primary grades. New York: Scholastic. Duke, N. K. (2000). 3.6 minutes per day: The scarcity of informational texts in first grade. Reading Research Quarterly, 35,
Coming Soon! Thursday, September 9, 2010: Inquiry, Literacy, and the Learning Cycle We will explore the many faces of inquiry-based instruction and how a learning cycle framework can help you seamlessly integrate inquiry and reading, writing, and discussion. Presenters: Jessica Fries-Gaither and Terry Shiverdecker