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ROLE OF AYURVEDIC SPICES, HERBS AND HERBAL PRODUCTS IN HEALTH CARE

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Presentation on theme: "ROLE OF AYURVEDIC SPICES, HERBS AND HERBAL PRODUCTS IN HEALTH CARE"— Presentation transcript:

1 ROLE OF AYURVEDIC SPICES, HERBS AND HERBAL PRODUCTS IN HEALTH CARE
N.SRIKANTH ASSISTANT DIRECTOR M.M.Padhi Dy.DIRECTOR G.S.Lavekar Ex- DIRECTOR GENERAL CENTRAL COUNCIL FOR RESEARCH IN AYURVEDA AND SIDDHA Department of AYUSH Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Govt. of India

2 HEALTH CARE PRACTICES HEALTH CARE PRACTICES HAVE EVOLVED ON THW BASIS
Culture Philosophy Geographical conditions Flora & fauna and mineral resources

3 HISTORICAL PROSPECTIVE
Plants, metals, minerals and animal products are extremely used in alleviating the wide range of disease conditions. Use of natural products of medicinal value can be traced from remote past. Man has been in pursuit of new substances that could cure illness and promote health and longevity. AYURVEDA, one such science that philosophies is not merely treating the illness, but counter balancing the disequilibria that results in disease.

4 AYURVEDA Science of life
a comprehensive system of health care of great antiquity based on experiential knowledge and grown with perpetual additions Original dimensions of Ayurveda are in built in the ancient compendia of Indian wisdom called Vedas years back. The knowledge expanded further had evolved fundamentals and concepts of Ayurveda and systematization in classical texts like Charak Samhita, Sushruta Samhita and Astanga Sangraha. Present form of Ayurveda is the outcome of continued scientific inputs that has gone in to the evolution of its principles, theories and guidelines of healthy living and disease management.

5 Indian biodiversity – Medicinal Flora
India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity centres having over 45,000 plant species. 16 different agroclimatic zones 10 vegetative zones and 15 biotic provinces Our country has 5,000–18,000 flowering plants 23,000 fungi 2500 algae 1600 lichens 1800 bryophytes and 30 million micro-organisms5. Drugs and Pharmaceuticals – Industry Highlights Incorporating Patent Information, CDRI, Lucknow, 1998, vol. 21, pp. 33–34.

6 SPICES Definition: A spice is a
dried seed, fruit, root, bark, leaf, or vegetative substance used in nutritionally insignificant quantities as a food additive  for the purpose of taste, flavour, colour, or as a preservative

7 Uses of spices in Ayurveda
Dietary products Flavor/ fragrance Neutraceutical Preservative Anupana (vehicle for drug) As a Medicine Uses of spices in Ayurveda

8 Spices as components of Masala Powders (Spice mixes)
Long pepper, Chilli, Turmeric, Cumin, Ginger, Curry leaf, Coriander, Cinnamon, Cardamom, Clove, Garlic, Onion

9 SPICES USED AS FOOD ADJUNCTS
Make food Attractive and Palatable Impart Typical aroma, Flavour, Pungency, Colour, Even texture

10 Some Important Spices mentioned in Ayurveda

11 Sl. No. Sanskrit name English name Latin Name Family 1. Adraka/ shunti
Ginger/ dry ginger Zingiber officinale Roxb. Zingiberaceae 2. Ahiphena beeja - Khus Khus Tila Poppy seed Papaver somniferum Linn Papavaraceae 3. Akupatri Cinnamon leaf Cinnamomum tamala (Buch-Ham) Nees & Eberm. Lauraceae 4. Dalchini Cinnamon Cinnamimum zeylanicum Blume 5. Dhanyaka Coriander seed Coriandrum sativum Linn Apiaceae

12 Sl. No. Sanskrit name English name Latin Name Family 6. Haldi Turmeric
Curcuma longa Linn. Zingiberaceae 7. Hingu Asafoetida Ferula foetida Regel. Apiaceae 8. Jaiphala (aril) Mace Myristica fragrans Houtt. Myristacaceae 9. Jaiphala (fruit) Nutmeg 10. Jeeraka Cumin seed Cuminum cyminum Linn

13 Sl. No. Sanskrit name English name Latin Name Family 11. Kajutaka
Cashew nut Anacardium accidentale Anacardiaceae 12. Kumkum(Kesara) Saffron C.Sativus Guttiferae 13. Krishna jeeraka (Shahjeera) Black Caraway Carum carvi Apiaceae 14. Lasuna Garlic Allium sativum Linn. Liliaceae 15. Lavanga Cloves Syzygium aromaticum (Linn.) Merr M.Perry. Myrtaceae

14 Sl. No. Sanskrit name English name Latin Name Family 16. Maricha
Black pepper Piper nigrum Piperaceae 17. Methika Fenugreek  Trigonella foenum graecum Linn Fabaceae 18. Misreya Fennel Foeniculum vulgare Mill Apiaceae 19. Palandu Onion Allium cepha Lilliaceae 20. Pippali Long pepper Piper longum

15 Sl. No. Sanskrit name English name Latin Name Family 21. Pudina Mint
Mentha viridis Linn Lamiaceae 22. Rakta maricha Chillies Capsicum annum Fabaceae 23. Sarshapa Mustard seed Brassica oleracia Brassicaceae 24. Saileya Black stone flower Parmelia perlata (Huds.) Ach. Parmeliaceae 25. Sthulaila Black (big) cardamom Amomum subulatum Roxb Zingiberaceae

16 Sl. No. Sanskrit name English name Latin Name Family 26. Sukshmaila
Green (small) cardamom Elettaria cardamomum (Linn.) R.Br. Zingiberaceae 27. Surabhi Nimba Curry tree or sweet neem leaf Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng Rutaceae 28. Sweta maricha White pepper Piper longum Linn. Piperaceae 29. Tila Sesame seed Sesamum indicum Linn. Pedaliaceae

17 CHIEF CONSTITUENTS OF IMPORTANT SPICES
Name Chief Constituents Arecanut Catechin, Arecolin Asafoetida Mixed Allyl sulphides Caraway Carvone Cardamom Cineol, Borneol, Camphor Celery Limonene Chillies and capsicum Capsaicin Cinnamon bark Cinnamaldehyde Name Chief Constituents Cinnamon leaves Eugenol Clove Eugenol Coriander leaf Decyladehyde Coriander seeds Decyladehyde Cumin, white Cinnamaldehyde Curry leaf Pinene; dipentene Dill Dillephole, Carvone DIETARY SPICES IN HEALTH AND DISEASES : I, Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2008; 52 (2) : 106–122

18 CHIEF CONSTITUENTS OF IMPORTANT SPICES
Name Chief Constituents Fennel Anethole, bitter alkaloid Garlic Dilalkyl and trisulphides, Allicin Ginger Camphene, Zingiberene, Mace Pinene, camphene Mustard Thioglucosides, Nutmeg Myristicin, Geraniol, Name Chief Constituents Onion Alkyl Disulphide Poppy Opioids Saffron Picrocrocin Tamarind Tartaric Acid, Glucose Turmeric Curcumin, Zingiberene

19 Spices – Therapeutic uses

20 Medicinal properties of spices recognized for a long time
__________________________________________________________________________________________________ Spice Medicinal Properties ______________________________________________________________________________________ Turmeric Anti-inflammatory, diuretic, laxative, good for affections of the liver, jaundice, (Curcuma longa) diseases of blood, wound healing, Asthma, other respiratory infections. Red pepper Anti-inflammatory, for pain relief (Rheumatism & neuralgia); (Capsicum annuum) useful in indigestion, rubefacient. Garlic Anti-dyspeptic, anti-flatulant, for ear infection, as rubefacient in skin diseases, (Allium sativum) anti-hypertensive Onion Diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, for bleeding piles (Allium cepa) Fenugreek Diuretic, emmenagogue, emollient, anti-diabeticuseful in heart diseases. (T. foenum-graecum) Cumin (Cuminum Antispasmodic, carminative, digestive stimulant cymminum) Coriander Anti-dyspeptic, flavourant (Coriandrum sativum)

21 CARDIOPROTECTIVE SPICES
Blood cholesterol lowering (especially LDL-cholesterol) Garlic, Onion Capsaicin / Red pepper Curcumin / Turmeric Fenugreek Prevention of Low Density Lipoprotein oxidation Ability to inhibit platelet aggregation (Anti-thrombotic) Hypotensive property

22 Anti-diabetic influence
Fenugreek Seeds Onion Garlic Curcumin (Turmeric) Cumin Curry leaves

23 Spices having Antioxidant potential
Curcumin (Turmeric) Eugenol (Clove) Capsaicin (Red chilli) Garlic and its sulfur compounds Onion and its sulfur compounds Ginger

24 ANTI-INFLAMMATORY SPICES
CURCUMIN (From TURMERIC) CAPSAICIN (From Red Chilli) GINGER

25 The medicines locally available (in immediate surrounding) will be suitable for the person (Patient) of that particular area. Evan if he resides in other places, the medicines of similar origin and properties should be used for him.

26 Therapeutic uses / Indications
Sl. No. Name of the spice Therapeutic uses / Indications 1. Ginger/ dry ginger Appetizer; useful in Cough, Rheumatoid arthritis, Piles, Bronchial asthma 2. Poppy seed Useful in Diarrhea, Cough, Cold, Asthma 3. Cinnamon leaf Appetizer, Digestive, Blood purifier, Diuretic 4. Cinnamon bark Corrects foul smell of mouth; useful in abdominal pain, indigestion 5. Coriander seed Appetizer, Digestive, Analgesic, Diuretic, Anti - inflammatory actions

27 Therapeutic uses / Indications
Sl. No. Name of the spice Therapeutic uses / Indications 6. Turmeric Anti - inflammatory, Analgesic, Anti-septic; useful in Diabetes, Skin diseases, Fever, Anti-toxic 7. Asafoetida Analgesic, Appetizer, Digestive, Cardiac tonic, Anti-helminthic, Diuretic; useful in Bronchial asthma, Dysmenorrhea 8. Mace (aril) Anti - inflammatory, Analgesic, deodorant, anti-convulsant, Appetizer, Aphrodisiac ; useful in Skin disorders, Fevers 9. Nutmeg Useful in Insomnia, Pain, Indigestion, Diarrhea, Worm infestation, Cough, Bronchial asthma 10. Cumin seed Appetizer, Digestive, Anti-helminthic, Blood purifier, Diuretic; useful in Skin diseases, Fever

28 Sl. No. Name of the spice Therapeutic uses 11. Saffron
Deodorant, Brain tonic, Digestive, Antiemetic, Detoxicant; useful in Piles, Worm infestation, Skin diseases 12. Garlic Detoxicant, Anti-inflammatory, Analgesic, Appetizer, Digestive, Diuretic 13. Black Caraway (Shahjeera) Anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic, Digestive, gives taste to the food; useful in Indigestion, Worm infestation, chronic fevers, Amoebiasis 14. Cloves Anti-helminthic, Appetizer, Digestive, gives taste, Aphrodisiac, Diuretic; useful in Bronchial asthma, Fevers 15. Black pepper Useful in Skin diseases, Indigestion, Liver disorders, Abdominal pain, Fevers 16. Fenugreek  Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, Nervine tonic, Digestive, General tonic

29 Sl. No. Name of the spice Therapeutic uses 17. Fennel
Cardiac tonic, Diuretic, Aphrodisiac, General tonic; useful in fevers, Nausea, Indigestion, Abdominal pain, Dysentery, Dysuria 18. Onion Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, Digestive, Appetizer, Carminative, Liver stimulant, Diuretic 19. Long pepper Brain tonic, Appetizer, Liver stimulant, Diuretic, Aphrodisiac; useful in Cough, Bronchial asthma, Skin diseases, Fevers 20. Mint Deodorant , Analgesic, Appetizer, Anti-helminthic, Cardiac stimulant, Diuretic, detoxicant, Anti-pyretic 21. Chillies Appetizer, Cardiac stimulant, Diuretic; useful in Fevers, Rheumatoid arthritis, Backache, Sciatica, Osteoarthritis, Anorexia 23. Mustard seed Analgesic, Appetizer, Anti-helminthic, Cardiac stimulant, Diuretic; Useful in skin diseases,

30 MEDICINAL PLANTS IN HEALTH CARE

31 Sl. No. Name of the spice Therapeutic uses 24. Black stone flower
Cardiac tonic, Appetizer, gives taste to the food; useful in skin diseases, renal stones, Bronchial asthma, Fevers, Headache, Urinary disorders 25. Black (big) cardamom Deodorant, Analgesic, Carminative, Cardiac stimulant, Diuretic, Detoxicant; useful in Wound healing 26. Green (small) cardamom Deodorant, Antiemetic, Appetizer, Digestive, carminative, Cardiac tonic, Diuretic, General tonic 27. Curry tree or sweet neem leaf Appetizer, Digestive, Detoxicant; useful in Piles, Diarrhoea, Emesis, Fever, Helminthiasis, Dysentery, Colic 28. White pepper Useful in Skin diseases, Indigestion, Liver disorders, Abdominal pain, Fevers 29. Sesame seed Analgesic, Hair tonic, Brain tonic, Appetizer, Aphrodisiac, general tonic; Useful in Dysmenorrhoea

32 Charaka classification of drugs in to groups
50 Mahakashaya (Groups) Each group consists 10 drugs having similar properties/ actions Deepaneeya kashaya – Stomachics Pippali, Pippalimula, Chavya, Chitaka, Shunti, Amlavetasa, Maricha, Ajamoda, Bhallatakasthi, Hingu niryasa Hridya kashaya – Cardiac Tonics Amra, Amrataka, Lakucha, Karamarda, Vrikshamla, Amlavetasa, Kuvala, Badara, dadima, Matulunga Vishaghna kashaya – Detoxicants Haridra, Suvaha, manjista, Sukshmaila, Palindi, Chandana, Kataka, Shireesha, Sindhuvara, Shleshmataka

33 Mahakashaya Chardinigrahana kashaya – Anti-emetics
Jambu, Amrapallava, Matulunga, Amlabadara, Dadima, Yava, Yasti, Usheera, Mrita, Laja Swasahara kashaya – Anti-asthmatics Shati, Puskaramula, Amlavetasa, Ela, Hingu, Aguru, Surasa, Tamalaki, Jeevanti, Chandana Shothahara kashaya – Anti-inflammatory drugs Bilwa, Agnimantha, Shyonaka, Patala, kashmari, Brihati, Kantakari, Gokshura, Saliparni, Prishniparni Jwarahara kashaya – Anti-pyretics Sariva, Sarkara, Patha, Manjishta, Draksha, Peelu, Parushaka, Abhaya, Amalaka, Vibheetaka

34 Mahakashaya Shulaprashamana kashaya – Analgesics
Pippali, Pippalimula, Chavya, Chitraka, Sringavera, Maricha, Ajamoda, Ajagandha, ajaji, Gandeera Shonitaastapana kashaya – Styptics Madhu, Madhuka, Rudhira, Mocharasa, Mritkapala, Lodhra, Gairika, Priyangu, Sarkara, Laja Vayahstapana kashaya – Anti-inflammatory drugs Amrita, Abhaya, Dhatri, Mukta, Sweta, Jeevanti, Atirasa, Madukaparni, Sthira, Punarnava

35 Ayurvedic Herbal Products
Different dosage forms Asava & Arista Arka Avaleha or Leha Kwatha Guggulu Ghrita Churna Taila Dravaka Lavana kshara Lepa Mandura Vati/ Gutika Varti Netrabindu Anajana Sattwa Kupipakwarasarayana Pisti

36 Asava & Arista Abhayarista Amritarista Aravindasava Asokarista
Definition: Asavas and Aristas are meidicinal preparations made by soaking the drugs, either in powder form or in the form of deocoction (Kashaya), in a solution of sugar or jaggery, as the case may be, for a specified period of time, during which it undergoes a process of fermentation generating alcohol, thus facilitating the extraction of the active principles contained in the drugs. The alcohol, so generated, also serves as a preservative. Abhayarista Amritarista Aravindasava Asokarista Aswagandhadyarista Ahiphenasava Usherasava Kanakasava Karpurasava Kutajarista Kumaryasava

37 Arka Avaleha or Leha Ajamodarka Karpuradyarka Jatamamsyarka Misreyarka
Definition: Arka is a liquid preparation obtained by distillation of certain liquids or drugs soaked in water using the Arkayantra or any convenient modern distillation apparatus. Ajamodarka Karpuradyarka Jatamamsyarka Misreyarka Avaleha or Leha Definition: Avaleha or Lehya is a semi-solid preparation of drugs, prepared with addition of jaggery, sugar or sugar-candy and boiled with prescribed drug juice or decoction. Agastya Haritaki Aswagandhadi lehya Eladya Modaka Kantakaryavalehya Kalyanaka guda Kutajavalehya Kusmadaka Rasayana Chyavanaprasha

38 Ghrita/ Taila Definition: Ghrita/ Taila are preparations in which ghee/ oil is boiled with prescribed Kashayas (decoctions) and kalkas of drugs according to the formula. This process ensures absorption of the active therapeutic principles of the ingredients used. Amrita ghrita Amritaprasa ghrita Amritabhallataka ghrita Asoka ghrita Indukanta ghrita Eladi ghrita Kalyanaka ghrita Kasisadi ghrita Changeri ghrita Chagalyadi ghrita Jatyadi ghrita Jivantyadi ghrita Tiktaka ghrita Triphala ghrita Dasamula ghrita

39 Churna Lepa Definition: Churna is a fine powder of drug or drugs.
Ajamodadi churna Avipattikara churna Amalakyadi churna Eladi churna Chitrakadi churna Jatiphaladya churna Talisadya churna Trikatu churna Triphala churna Drakshadi churna Navayasa churna Narasimha churna Panchasama churna Pushyanuga churna Bhallataka churna Rajanyadi churna Samangadi churna Samudradya churna Sitopaladi churna Sudarsana churna Hingwastaka churna Hingwadi churna Hinguvachadi churna Lepa Definition: Medicines in the form of a paste used for external application are called lepas. Avalgujadi lepa Grihadhumadi lepa Dashanga lepa Pathyadi lepa Rasottamadi lepa Sothaghna lepa Sindhuradi lepa

40 Sham na oushadhir vanino bhavanthuh …….
Advocacy on conservation and cultivation of plants (Vriksha Ayurveda ) Sham na oushadhir vanino bhavanthuh ……. ….be gracious to forests enriched with medicinal plants Shamno raja sthapathirasthu vishnu Dasa kupa samo vapi 10 Wells = 1 Pond 10 Ponds = 1 Lake 10 Lakes = 1 Child 10 children =1 plant dasa putra samo dhrumah


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