2 Unit Goals: What You Should Learn to Do What You Should Know About 1. Understand weather forecast of:global weather conditionslocal weather reports2. Talk about weather changes:temperature, wind, rain, shower, snow, etc.3. Talk about the weather to start a conversation4. Make comments on weather conditions and showlikes or dislikes5. Write a weather reportWhat You Should Know About1. The way weather is forecast2. Celsius and Fahrenheit3. Use of tenses: simple past and present perfect
3 Contents Talking Face to Face Appreciating Culture Tips Being All Ears Section ⅠTalking Face to FaceSection ⅤAppreciating Culture TipsSection ⅡBeing All EarsSection ⅣMaintaining a Sharp EyeSection ⅢTrying Your Hand
4 Section Ⅰ Talking Face to Face Imitating Mini-TalksSpeak and ReciteActing out the TasksSpeak and PerformStudying Weather ForecastsStudy and ImitateFollowing Sample DialoguesImitate and PerformSpeak and CompletePutting Language to UseSpeak and Communicate
5 SECTION I Talking Face to Face Imitating Mini-TalksSpeak and Recite1 Work in pairs. Practice the following mini-talks about weather conditionsWindow on Key Words1) Talking About the WeatherA: It is sunny and clear these days.B: The wind is gentle, too.A: And the temperature is comfortable.B: Yes, the best time of year.2) Asking About Weather ConditionsA: What's the weather like this summer in Qingdao?B: Very hot and dry.A: I'm thinking of spending a couple of days there.B: You can go swimming and sunbathing then.轻柔的晒日光浴
6 3) Referring to the Weather Forecast Window on Key Words3) Referring to the Weather ForecastA: It's so stuffy and no wind at all.B: The forecast says it's going to rain this evening.A: Really? I hope the temperature will drop, too.B: I bet it will.4) Making Comments on the WeatherA: What do you think of the weather here?B: Neither too hot in summer nor too cold in winter.A: Yes, pretty agreeable. People love it.B: Me, too.5) Complaining About the WeatherA: What an awful day!B: Yes, the heat is killing me.A: The weather forecast says the high is 34℃.B: Gosh, no wonder I can't stand it.闷的下降宜人的糟糕的Back
7 Acting out the Tasks Speak and Perform 2 Work in pairs and act out the tasks by following the above mini-talks.1 Task:Ask for Mark's comments on the weather.2 Task:Ask about and describe the weather at this time of year.3 Task:Ask Mr. Green about the weather condition tomorrow and plan an activity.4 Task:Talk about the change of the weather from long rainy days.5 Task:Complain about a cold day.Back
8 Studying Weather Forecasts Study and Imitate3 A weather forecast is a statement that tells the public what the weather conditionis going to be. We need to watch weather forecasts on TV or hear them overthe radio every day. It is part of our life. Read the following samples of weatherforecasts carefully and try to use the information to practice short dialogues.
10 Following Sample Dialogues Imitate and Perform4 Read the following sample dialogues and try to perform your own tasks.1) Talking About the Weather TodaySandy: Hi, Jane. What's the weather like today? Do I need to wear a sweater?Jane: I don't know. Why don't you call the weather service?Sandy: What's the number?Jane: 121....Reporter: Good morning. This is the local weather report. Today will be cool andpartly cloudy, with a chance of rain this afternoon ...Jane: Well, what is the weather report, Sandy? Will it be a nice day?Sandy: Not exactly. It's 62˚F and there's a chance of rain.Jane: So I guess you should wear a sweater and take an umbrella with you.
11 2) Talking About the Weather in New York Bill: Hello, Jack? It's me, Bill.Jack: Hello, Bill. Have you arrived in New York?Bill: Yes, I'm in New York now.Jack: How is the weather there?Bill: It's warm and sunny.Jack: What's the temperature?Bill: It's 50˚F.Jack: Is that about 10˚C?Bill: That's right.Jack: Wow! That's cold for November.Back
12 Putting Language to Use Speak and Complete5 Mrs. Parks is talking about the weather of two places in the United States withher students. Read aloud the following dialogue with your partner by putting inthe missing words.Mrs. Parks: 1 ____________________ in California?Student A: It's always warm.Mrs. Parks: 2 _______________________ there?Student B: The temperature is always about 78 degrees.Student A: That's the temperature in 3 ______________. It's the same as 26degrees 4 ____________________.Mrs. Parks: 5 __________________ in Seattle?Student B: It's 6 ______________, because it rains almost every day andpeople are very happy when the sun 7 ______________.How is the weatherWhat's the temperatureFahrenheitCelsius / CentigradeHow's the weatherterrible / awfulcomes outBackUnit | Five
13 brackets. Then act it out with your partner. Speak and Communicate6 There is going to be a sports meet tomorrow. Bob is worried about the weatherand you are talking about it. Fill in the blanks according to the clues given in thebrackets. Then act it out with your partner.Bob: I'm wondering if it is going to be fine tomorrow.You: You are right. 1 _____________________________________(说明天我们要开运动会).Bob: But look at the fog. You can only see things within a short distance.You: 2 ___________________________________________________(提醒说难道你没看到风在开始把它吹散吗)?Bob: Don't be so sure.You: I bet 3 ____________________ (说明天天气会好的).Bob: You've heard the morning weather forecast, haven't you?You: No. 4 ____________________ (问预报怎么说)?Bob: It says it's going to be foggy.You: 5 _____________________________ (问这就是他担心的原因，对不对)?Bob: Yes, it is.We shall have a sports meet tomorrowBut don't you see the wind is beginning to lift it up.it will be fine tomorrow.What does it say?BackThat's why you're worrying, isn't it?
14 SECTION II Being All Ears Listen and RepeatLearning Sentences for WorkplaceCommunicationListen and MatchListen and RespondHandling a DialogueListen and DecodeListen and CompleteUnderstanding a Short Speech /TalkListen and Match
15 SECTION II Being All Ears Learning Sentences for Workplace CommunicationListen and Repeat1 Listen to 10 sentences for workplace communication cross-referenced withtheir Chinese translations.
19 1) A) I'm sorry. B) It's noisy. C) I'd like to. D) It's wet. ScriptListen and Respond3 Listen to 6 sentences for workplace communication and choose their right responses.1) A) I'm sorry B) It's noisy.C) I'd like to D) It's wet.2) A) Don't mention it B) No problem.C) It snows too much D) It's popular there.3) A) The pleasure is mine B) There is a chance of rain.C) It's wonderful D) That's terrible.4) A) Me, too B) How about you?C) What is it? D) Yes, it is.5) A) Me, too B) Thank you.C) Not at all D) That's nothing.6) A) Never mind B) Many thanks.C) I'm glad to meet you D) What does the weatherman say?Back
20 1. What's the weather like there? Script:1. What's the weather like there?2. What do you think of the weather here?3. What does the weatherman say?4. Hot day, isn't it?5. The heat is killing me. I feel like swimming.6. Is it going to cool down tomorrow?Back
21 Handling a Dialogue Script Listen and Decode 4 Listen to a dialogue and decode the message by finding out the correct choicesin the brackets according to what you have heard.Pat 1 Alice, Alex, Alison came to see Li Hong. They talked about the weather and the party last night. Pat didn't go to the party because it was so cold and 2 windy, rainy, snowy . It seemed that he didn't like the weather here. When Li Hong suggested a 3 walk, talk, work in the afternoon, Pat thought it was too cold to go out because it was 4 fourteen, thirteen, sixteen degrees Celsius. Li Hong didn't agree. She said in winter, the weather could be much colder. Last winter, it was 5 three, six, seven degrees below zero for three 6 weeks, days, months and it was very windy.
22 Li Hong: Hi, Pat! Why didn't you go to the party last night? Script:Pat Alex comes by to see Li Hong. They talk about the party last night and about the weather.Li Hong: Hi, Pat! Why didn't you go to the party last night?Pat: Because it was so cold and rainy.Li Hong: That's too bad! It was a really good party. Hey, why don't we goout for a walk this afternoon, Pat? I need some exercise.Pat: Go out for a walk? But it's so cold out.Li Hong: Cold out? What's the temperature?Pat: About 13℃.Li Hong: 13℃? That's not cold. Just wait until winter.Pat: Why?Li Hong: Well ... it snows a lot and sometimes it's very cold. Last winter itwas 7 degrees below zero for three weeks. And it was windy, too.Pat: That sounds awful!Li Hong: It wasn't all that bad. The sun was out almost every day.Back
23 Understanding a Short Speech / Talk Listen and Complete5 Now listen to a short speech / talk and fill up the blanks according to what youhave heard. The words in brackets will give you some hints.Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to Dalian, a famous summer resort (避暑胜地) and one of the best 1 ___________ (what?) in China. With clear sky, green mountains, blue seas, fine beaches, clean streets and lovely buildings, our city is 2 _________ (how?). Climate in Dalian is agreeable. It is 3 neither ________________ (how?) nor too hot in summer, with yearly average (平均的) temperature of about 10℃. People here can enjoy moderate (中等的) rainfalls and 4 ________________ (what?), and above all, clean and fresh air with the nice smell of 5 _______ (what?). We've got 6 ___________ (how many?) visitors coming here 7 ________________________ (from where?) every year. I bet you are going to have a great time here as you've just come 8 ______________________ (when?).tourist citiesbeautifultoo cold in winterplenty of sunshinethe seathousands offrom both home and abroadBackat the best time of year
24 Listen and Match6 Listen to the speech / talk again and complete the information in Column A withthe right choices in Column B.Column A Column Ba. attract more people to come to China.b. welcome a group of tourists to Dalian.c. tell people what Dalian is like.d. describe Dalian's climate.1) The purpose of this speech is toa. biggest cities.b. financial (金融) centers.c. best tourist cities.d. commercial centers.2) Dalian is one of China's
25 c. neither too cold in winter nor too hot in summer. Column A Column Ba. very hot in summer.b. very cold in winter.c. neither too cold in winter nor too hot insummer.d. very hot in summer but not very cold inwinter.3) The weather in Dalian isa. foreigner.b. visitor.c. tour guide.d. doctor.4) The speaker may most probablybe aa. comes in the best season.b. is here to join more touristsc. may not stand the heat here.d. is traveling back home.5) This group of touristsBack
26 SECTION III Trying Your Hand Practicing Applied WritingWrite and SimulateWrite and CreateWriting Sentences and Reviewing GrammarWrite and Apply RulesWrite and Correct MistakesWrite and TranslateWrite and Describe a Picture
27 SECTION III Trying Your Hand Practicing Applied WritingWrite and Simulate1 Read the following two samples of weather report and learn to write your own.
29 Write and Create2 Translate the following weather forecast into Chinese, using the data bank inthe Workbook for reference.现在播报天气预报。今天天气以晴为主，白天最高温度15℃。预计明天多云、有风，气温较低。明天上午气温将降至5℃，下午气温回升，最高气温10℃；傍晚时分非常可能有雨或雪，气温会降至0℃。
30 Weather report for the urban area: Write and Create3 Write an English weather report according to the information given in Chinese.Weather report for the urban area:It'll be cloudy today, and later turn to be partly cloudy. The high will be one degrees Celsius and the low four degrees below zero. It is expected to be partly cloudy in the next two days. The winds will be calm with little change of the temperature.Back
32 4 Analyze the following sentences to see what tenses they belong to. Write and Apply Rules4 Analyze the following sentences to see what tenses they belong to.PPP1) I've only been here for ten minutes or so.2) Ted has always worked in an accounting department.3) Mark has worked for this large company for many years.4) John graduated from Florida State University in 1990.5) We had the same weather in Detroit last year.6) He has never made a serious mistake at work.7) What has the weather been like recently?8) Robert went to school part-time while he worked full time.9) Robert has received two promotions so far.10) Robert has decided to look for a job in a larger company.Back
33 Write and Correct Mistakes 5 Correct the errors in the following sentences.1) They didn't see each other since September.2) Gina is in college for one year.3) She has worked at the cafeteria since nine months.4) He always arrived at his office on time before.5) He never had a problem with his boss.They haven't seen each other since September.Gina has been in college for one year.She has worked at the cafeteria for nine months.He has always arrived at his office on time before. /He used to have always arrived at his office on time before.He has never had a problem with his boss.
34 Write and Correct Mistakes 5 Correct the errors in the following sentences.6) Did you ever take the telephone orders before?7) In the last three months, Robert trained more than twenty new employees.8) Robert has started to use a computer when he was an office worker.9) Robert attended several important business meetings in the last three years.10) So far they already got six traveler's checks.Have you ever taken the telephone orders before?In the last three months, Robert has trained more than twenty new employees.Robert started to use a computer when he was an office worker.Robert has attended several important business meetings in the last three years.So far they have already got six traveler's checks.Back
35 She has worked in this office for 5 years. Write and Translate1) 昨天天气不好，实际上这几天天气一直不好。2) 她在这个办事处工作已有5年了。3) 去年我游览了长城，而且玩得特别开心。4) 自从上次吵架之后，我们就再也没有跟对方讲过话。5) 把电视声音调低点，天气预报还没开始呢。The weather was terrible yesterday. In fact, it has been awful for several days.She has worked in this office for 5 years.I paid a visit to the Great Wall last year and had a very good time there.We have never spoken to each other since we quarreled last time.Turn down the TV a bit. The weather forecast hasn't begun yet.Back
36 Write and Describe a Picture 7 Write a short passage of about 100 words to tell a story or about an eventrelated to the picture given below. Some useful words and phrases havebeen provided to help you.Back
37 Key:Janet is planning to go to a picnic with her former high school classmates at the weekend. Since they haven't met each other for half a year, Janet feels excited about this big event. However, she worries a lot about the weather. In July her relatives came to visit her and they went out to have a barbecue. They were going to enjoy themselves, but to their disappointment, the party was spoiled by heavy rain. They all felt bored and irritated. Now she is dialing 121 in order to get the recent weather information. This time she is going to feel happy with the reunion.Back
38 SECTION IV Maintaining a Sharp Eye PASSAGE IPASSAGE IIInformation Related tothe Reading PassageInformation Related tothe Reading PassageTextTextLanguage PointsLanguage PointsRead and ThinkRead and JudgeRead and CompleteRead and TranslateRead and TranslateRead and Simulate
39 SECTION IV Maintaining a Sharp Eye Information Related to the Reading PassageClimate Change and Global Warning:The term climate change is often used interchangeably with the term global warming, but “climate change” is growing in preferred use to “global warming” because it helps convey the fact that there are other changes in addition to rising temperatures.Climate change refers to any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). Climate change may result from:natural factors, such as changes in the sun's intensity or slow changes in the Earth's orbit around the sun;natural processes within the climate system (e.g. changes in ocean circulation);human activities that change the atmosphere's composition (e.g. through burning fossil fuels) and the land surface (e.g. deforestation, reforestation, urbanization, desertification, etc.)
40 Global warming is an average increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns. Global warming can occur from a variety of causes, both natural and human induced. In common usage, “global warming” often refers to the warming that can occur as a result of increased emissions of greenhouse gases from human activities.Greenhouse Gases:For over the past 200 years, the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal and oil, and deforestation have caused the concentrations of heat-trapping “greenhouse gases” to increase significantly in our atmosphere. These gases prevent heat from escaping to space, somewhat like the glass panels of a greenhouse.
41 Greenhouse gases are necessary to life as we know it, because they keep the planet's surface warmer than it otherwise would be. But, as the concentrations of these gases continue to increase in the atmosphere, the Earth's temperature is climbing above past levels. According to NOAA and NASA data, the Earth's average surface temperature has increased by about1.2 to 1.4oF in the last 100 years. The eight warmest years on record (since 1850) have all occurred since 1998, with the warmest year being Most of the warming in recent decades is very likely the result of human activities. Other aspects of the climate are also changing such as rainfall patterns, snow and ice cover, and the sea level.Scientists are certain that human activities are changing the composition of the atmosphere, and that increasing the concentration of greenhouse gases will change the planet's climate. But they are not sure by how much it will change, at what rate it will change, or what the exact effects will be.Back
42 PASSAGE I We Can Make a Difference Climate change may be a big problem, but there are many little things we can do to make a difference. If we try, most of us can do our part to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that we put into the atmosphere. Many greenhouse gases come from things we do every day. As we have learned, these greenhouse gases trap energy in the atmosphere and make the Earth warmer.Driving a car or using electricity is not wrong. We just have to be smart about it. Some people use less energy by carpooling. For example, four people can ride together in one car instead of driving four cars to work. Why not try to do something to help make the planet a better place?Save ElectricityWhenever we use electricity, we put greenhouse gases into the air By turning off lights, the television, and the computer when you are through with them, you can help a lot.If you're leaving your computer for a while, put it on stand-by. You'll be able to restart it quickly, and it'll take less energy than shutting it down and then restarting it.Bike, Bus, and WalkYou can save energy by sometimes taking the bus, riding a bike, or simply walking.123
43 When You Buy, Buy Cool Stuff ExercisesPlant TreesPlanting trees is fun and a great way to reduce greenhouse gases. Trees absorb carbon dioxide from the air.RecycleRecycle cans, bottles, plastic bags, and newspapers. When you recycle, you send less trash to the landfill and you help save natural resources, like trees, oil, and elements such as aluminum.When You Buy, Buy Cool StuffThere are lots of ways we can improve the environment. One of the ways to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that we put into the air is to buy products that don't use as much energy.Take Corporate ActionTell the companies you invest in that you care about global warming. Don't like a company's attitude on global warming? Go to shareholder meetings and speak up!Knowledge Is PowerLearn everything you can about global warming. What is it? How does global warming work? Why is it happening? What are the causes? What are the critics saying? Find out all the answers!Join a national or local environmental group that is fighting the climate crisis every day, so their membership numbers swell and their voice has more power.4Back
44 Language Points 1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences (Para. 1) Climate change may be a big problem, but there are many little thingswe can do to make a difference.Analysis: May can be used to introduce concession in putting forward an argument.Translation:气候变化可能是一个大问题，但是我们仍然可以做许多小事来影响它。Example:The goal you set may be nice, but it is too difficult to reach.Back
45 Language Points 1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences 2. (Para. 1) As we have learned, these greenhouse gases trap energy in theatmosphere and make the Earth warmer.Analysis: As is often used to introduce an indicator of the information source,such as in as we have learned. Similar structures are: as the sayinggoes, as everyone knows, as you know, as you put it, etc.Translation:如我们所知，这些温室气体把能量困锁在大气中从而使地球变暖。Example: As the famous Adidas ad goes: impossible is nothing.Back
46 Language Points 1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences 3. (Para. 3) By turning off lights, the television, and the computer when you arethrough with them, you can help a lot.Analysis: By is followed by a gerund, introducing a prepositional phrase ofmanner. Note, by is not necessarily always translated as “通过”.Translation:你用完电灯、电视或电脑就随手关闭，那你就是帮了大忙！Example:You can save energy by sometimes taking the bus, riding a bike, orsimply walking.Back
47 Language Points 1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences 4. (Para. 8) One of the ways to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that we putinto the air is to buy products that don't use as much energy.Analysis: Two that-clauses are used to serve as post-modifiers of nouns: the firstone is that we put into the air, modifying greenhouse gases; The secondthat-clause is that don't use as much energy, modifying products. Note:In translation, the noun phrase products that don't use as much energycan simply be translated into “节能产品”, instead of “不消耗那么多能量的产品”。Translation: 减少排放到空气中的温室气体的方法之一就是购买节能产品。Example: Join a national or local environmental group that is fighting the climatecrisis every day.Back
48 Language Points2 Important Wordstrapv. store (energy, gas or water, etc.) so that it cannot escape使困留在某处e.g.A filter traps dust from the air.The fabric of the clothes can trap body heat and keep you warm.Back
49 Language Points 2. stand-by n. readiness for duty 待机，备用，待命 e.g. 2 Important Words2. stand-byn. readiness for duty 待机，备用，待命e.g.The soldiers are on stand-by, ready to leave any time.Eggs are a great stand-by in the kitchen.Back
50 Language Points absorb 2 Important Wordsabsorbv. take in, suck up (liquid, heat, knowledge, etc.)吸收，吸取（液体、热量、知识等）e.g.She absorbed greedily anything she can get a hold of in the library.The material absorbs heat from the sun and releases it when needed.Back
51 Language Points2 Important Words4. stuffn. things such as substances, materials, or any small objects referred to in general (不必详细说明的)东西e.g.There is a lot of stuff about it in the newspaper.Get your stuff and go right away.Back
52 Language Points 5. membership 2 Important Words5. membershipn. being a member of (an organization) 会员e.g.He lost his membership card and was denied access.The gym offered some special programs and its membership swelledall of a sudden.Back
53 Language Points2 Important Words6. swellv. (number or amounts) grow bigger; expand (数量) 增加，增长e.g.It took only less than half a year for the housing price to swell totwice its original.The population swelled during the mid-1970's.Back
54 1 Answer the following questions according to the passage. Read and Think1 Answer the following questions according to the passage.Why should we reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that we put into the air?2) What is carpooling?3) How can we help to reduce greenhouse gases when using computers?4) How can recycling help in protecting the environment?5) What are the little things we can do to make a difference? List some.Because the greenhouse gases trap energy in the atmosphere and make the Earth warmer.People ride together in one car instead of driving cars of their own separately.Shut down the computer when we are through with it; put it on stand-by when we leave it for a while.When people recycle, they produce less trash and help save natural resources.Saving electricity, using less cars, riding more bikes, taking buses and walking, planting trees, recycling, buying cool stuff, taking corporate actions, learning more about global warming, joining environmental groups, etc.Back
55 Read and Complete2 Complete each of the following statements with words or phrases from the passage.1) A lot of small problems can be solved by ____________ your computer.2) There is ____________ everywhere on the ground, and the whole placesmells terrible.3) We can see an obvious Chinese ____________ in the design of the dress.4) ____________ the times you dine out, cook more at home, then you'll enjoy amuch healthier lifestyle.5) There's no way out! We're ____________ in this one-way lane (胡同)!6) The area is rich in such ____________ as mineral water hot springs.restartingtrashelementReducetrappedresources
56 3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words or expressions given below, changing the form if necessary.make a difference do one's part put ... on care about find outspeak out be through with for a while take action smart about1) The little girl ____________ in helping the family through the difficult time.2) If you _________________ the novel, give it to me. I can't wait to read it.3) Try to be just a little more open and ____________ your ideas wheneveryou feel like sharing with others.4) I would like to take a walk outside ____________ after a whole day's work.5) Always think positively, and it will __________________ in your life.did her partare through withspeak outfor a whilemake a difference
57 make a difference do one's part put ... on care about find out 3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words or expressions given below, changing theform if necessary.make a difference do one's part put ... on care about find outspeak out be through with for a while take action smart about6) Sometimes speaking up is not enough, and you need to ____________.7) Alice was as ____________ about life as anybody she ever came up against.8) The meeting is about to start. Please _____ your mobile phone ______ themute mode (静音模式).9) Having searched online for hours, the team finally ____________ about thecauses of the problem.10) Today more and more people ____________ the harmful effects cars bringto the environment, and they call for a No-Car Day.take actionsmart aboutputonfound outcare aboutBack
58 Read and Translate4 Translate the following sentences into English.for a while, turn off即便只是离开房间一小会儿，也要记得把灯关掉。2) 为什么不试试拼车？那样可以降低费用，而且会使出行显得不同。3) 互联网是个好东西，为我们开启了崭新的世界。我们只需要巧妙地运用它就行了。Even if you leave the room only for a little while, please remember to turn off the lights.Why not try carpooling? That'll reduce your cost and make a difference in your trip.The Internet is a good thing and opens a whole new world for us. We just have to be smart about using it.carpool, reduce, make a differencebe smart about
59 4 Translate the following sentences into English. Read and Translate4 Translate the following sentences into English.4) 孩子们从小就应接受教育，要为节约自然资源、改善环境做点事情。5) 没人关心这次交通事故的原因是什么。6) 这个地方环保组织发展得很好，会员数量不断扩大。do our part, natural resourcesKids / Children should be educated from very early age to do their part / something to save natural resources and improve the environment.No one cares about what the causes of the traffic accident are.This local environmental organization has developed well and its membership keeps on swelling / growing.care about, causeslocal, membership, swellBack
60 Read and Simulate5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate theChinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.Climate change may be a big problem, but there are many little things we cando to make a difference.Your suggestions may sound nice, but there are many problems in puttingthem into practice.语言或许是相互沟通的大问题，但是你可以做许多别的事情来弥补。规定的时间短或许是个大问题，但是我们还是可以做很多事情来把进度赶上去。Language may be a big problem, but there are many other things you can do to help.The short time schedule may be a big problem, but there are many other things we can do to catch up.
61 Crying is not wrong. We just have to cheer up after it. Read and Simulate5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate theChinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.Driving a car or using electricity is not wrong. We just have to be smart about it.Having different opinions is not wrong. We just have to work as a team.哭泣并没有错，但是之后我们必须要振作起来。有梦想并没有错，但是我们必须要为实现梦想努力。Crying is not wrong. We just have to cheer up after it.Dreaming is not wrong. We just have to work on to realize our dreams.
62 Whenever she is in bad mood, she goes to the seaside for a walk. Read and Simulate5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate theChinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.Whenever we use electricity, we put greenhouse gases into the air.Whenever he is in trouble, he starts to sing songs to himself until he forgets all the trouble.每当她心情不佳时，都会去海边散散步。每当你想和我聊天的时候，就给我打电话。Whenever she is in bad mood, she goes to the seaside for a walk.Whenever you feel like talking with me, give me a call.
63 If you're going with us, come and meet us at eight. Read and Simulate5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate theChinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.If you're leaving your computer for a while, put it on stand-by.If you're improving the environment, do your part with little things.如果你要与我们一起去，晚上八点来与我们碰个头吧。如果你要到别的地方旅游，到网上查查有用的信息吧。If you're going with us, come and meet us at eight.If you're traveling to other places, go online for some helpful information.
64 Read and Simulate5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate theChinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.You can help a lot by turning off lights and the computer when you arethrough with them.You can save energy by sometimes taking the bus or riding a bicycle.通过采取积极的生活态度,我们可以提高幸福感。通过提供更多的交通选择, 这个城市可以大大改善交通拥堵状况。We can increase our sense of happiness by taking a positive attitude on life.The city can improve the traffic condition a lot by offering more options of transportation.
65 Online chatting is fun and a great way to kill time. Read and Simulate5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate theChinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.Planting trees is fun and a great way to reduce greenhouse gases.Walking is fun and a great way to keep fit.网络聊天很有意思，也是消磨时间的很好方式。生活在异国很有意思，也是了解他国文化的很好方式。Online chatting is fun and a great way to kill time.Living in a foreign country is fun and a great way to learn about its culture.Back
66 Information Related to the Reading Passage PASSAGE IIInformation Related to the Reading PassageThe British ClimateThe climate in Britain is very changeable. Sometimes it can be cold, rainy, windy and sunny — all in the same day. Generally, it rains quite a lot, especially in the north and the west. Most of the time, the weather is quite mild — never too hot nor too cold. In the summer, it is usually warm. The south of Britain is generally warmer than the north.
67 Here is a letter to The Times from Mrs. G. L Here is a letter to The Times from Mrs. G. L. Thompson, from which we can learn how a British native thinks about the weather in Britain.Dear Sir,I've been interested to read your letter on the Englishman's fascination with the weather and many of our visitors from abroad find it amusing. It is true that talking about the weather is a constant topic of conversation in this country, but the reason for this is not only climatic but social.Greeting people with expressions such as “lovely day, isn't it?” or “What terrible weather we're having, aren't we?” is our way of being friendly or starting a conversation. It may have very little to do with the state of the weather as such. We expect the other person to say “Yes, it is.” or “Yes, we are.” in the same way that we expect a person to say “Hello!” when we say “Hello!”. This custom can be very puzzling to foreigners.Of course, this way of making a conversation is closely related to the variability of our weather. There must be few places in the world where the weather changes quite so much from day to day. No wonder we take a daily interest in it! But I do think we are much too fond of running down our own climate, which is not half as bad as some people make out. It seems that our interest is more on speaking ill of it than the weather itself.Yours faithfully,(Mrs.) G.L. ThompsonBack
68 SECTION V Appreciating Culture Tips Discuss, Appreciate and CommentBack