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On bifurcation in counter-flows of viscoelastic fluid.

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Presentation on theme: "On bifurcation in counter-flows of viscoelastic fluid."— Presentation transcript:

1 On bifurcation in counter-flows of viscoelastic fluid

2 Preliminary work Mackarov I. Numerical observation of transient phase of viscoelastic fluid counterflows // Rheol. Acta. 2012, Vol. 51, Issue 3, Pp DOI /s y. Mackarov I. Dynamic features of viscoelastic fluid counter flows // Annual Transactions of the Nordic Rheology Society Vol. 19. Pp

3 One-quadrant problem statement:

4 The process of the flow reversal, Re = 0.1, Wi = 4, mesh is 675 nodes, t=1.7 ÷2.5

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6 G.N. Rocha and P.J. Oliveira. Inertial instability in Newtonian cross-slot flow – A comparison against the viscoelastic bifurcation. Flow Instabilities and Turbulence in Viscoelastic Fluids, Lorentz Center, July 19-23, 2010, Leiden, Netherlands R. J. Poole, M. A. Alves, and P. J. Oliveira. Purely Elastic Flow Asymmetries. Phys. Rev. Lett., 99, , 2007.

7 Vicinity of the central point: symmetric case

8 Symmetry relative to x, y gives

9 Symmetry relative to x, y defines the most general asymptotic form of velocities: … and stresses:

10 Substituting this to momentum, continuity, and UCM state equations will give…

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12 (21), Symmetry on x, y involves Therefore, for the rest of the coefficients in solution

13 Pressure: from momentum equation where

14 Comparison with symmetric numerical solution

15 Via finite-difference expressions of coefficients in velocities expansions, we get from the numeric solution: A B

16 STRESS: Σ x = α = β = α σ xx = Via finite-difference determination of coefficients in velocities expansions get : Numerical stress in the central point :

17 Normal stress distribution in numeric one-quadrant solution (stabilized regime), Re=0.1, Wi=4, the mesh is 2600 nodes

18 PRESSURE: Via finite-difference values of coefficients in velocities expansions, we get : P x = P y = P x

19 Same for the pressure

20 Vicinity of the central point: asymmetric case

21 UCM model, Re = 0.01, Wi = 100, t = 3.55, mesh is 6400 nodes

22 Looking into nature of the flow reversalanalogy with simpler flows Looking into nature of the flow reversal : analogy with simpler flows Couette flow Couette flow Poiseuille flow Poiseuille flow

23 Whole domain solution

24 UCM model, Re = 0.1, Wi = 4, t=2.7, mesh has 2090 nodes

25 Pressure distribution in the flow with Re = 3 and Wi = 4 at t = 3.5, mesh is 1200 nodes, Δt = 5·10 -5

26 Conclusions

27 Both some features reported before and new details were observed in simulation of counter flows within cross-slots (acceleration phase). Among the new ones: the pressure and stresses singularities both at the stagnation point and at the walls corner, flow reversal with vortex-like structures. The flow reverse is shown to result from the wave nature of a viscoelastic fluid flow.

28 Tried lows of the pressure increase:

29 Flow picture (UCM model, Re = 0.05, Wi = 4, t=6.2), with exponential low of the pressure increase (α = 1) the mesh is 432 nodes

30 Convergence and quality of numerical procedure

31 Picture of vortices typical for typical for small Re. UCM model, Re = 0.1, Wi = 4, t=2.6, mesh is 1200 nodes

32 The same flow snapshot (UCM model, Re = 0.1, Wi = 4, t=2.6), obtained on a non-elastic mesh with 1200 nodes

33 Normal stress distribution in the flow with Re = 0.01 and Wi =100 at t = 3; UCM model, mesh is 2700 nodes, Δt= 5·10 -5

34 Sequence of normal stress abs. values at the stagnation point. Smaller markers correspond to time step , bigger ones are for time step

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36 Normal stress distribution in the flow with Re = 0.1 and Wi =4 at t = 3; mesh is 450 nodes, Δt= 5·10 -5

37 Used lows of inlet pressure increase:

38 The process of the flow reversal, Re = 0.1, Wi = 4, mesh is 675 nodes, t=1.7 ÷2.5

39 Flow picture for Re = 0.1, Wi = 4, the mesh is 4800 nodes

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42 Extremely high Weissenberg numbers

43 Flow picture for Re = 0.01, Wi = 100, the mesh is 4800 nodes

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50 A flow snapshot from S. J. Haward et. al., The rheology of polymer solution elastic strands in extensional flow, Rheol Acta (2010) 49:

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