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--. 1. 1. 2. 2. 3. 3. 4. 4. 5. 5. There are three men on a train. Mr A speaks English and Chinese. Mr B speaks French and English. Mr C can only talk.

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Presentation on theme: "--. 1. 1. 2. 2. 3. 3. 4. 4. 5. 5. There are three men on a train. Mr A speaks English and Chinese. Mr B speaks French and English. Mr C can only talk."— Presentation transcript:

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3 There are three men on a train. Mr A speaks English and Chinese. Mr B speaks French and English. Mr C can only talk with Mr A. What language does Mr C speak? Chinese.

4 1. Question forms: It can be inferred from the text that. From the text we know that …is most likely. When the writer talks about …, what the writer really means is. The writer suggests that. The story implies that. We can infer [conclude] from the passage that. infer, suggest, imply, conclude 2. 1). 2). 3).

5 Did you ever hear a strange sound coming from the wall? Did it sound like a clock? If so, it may have been made by a beetle. Long ago people thought the ticking meant that someone was about to die. Thus the beetle is called "the deathwatch beetle." 1 The sound of this beetle ________. A. pleased people. B. surprised people. C. frightened people. D. excited people. 3.Practice: (passage1)

6 Several different bison species have lived on the North American continent since the Ice Age; today only two exist. The wood bison is the larger of the two, and is now found mostly in western Canada. Better known in the United States is the Plains bison, or buffalo. At one time, herds of these animals could be sighed almost everywhere from the Appalachian Mountains in the East to the Rocky Mountains in the West. The author implies that several types of bison______. A. live outside the United Stated and Canada B. are well adapted to swampy terrain C. existed before the Ice Age D. have been killed or have died out P3

7 2. It is fun to turn over a big rock on the beach. Make sure you turn the rock back to the position it was in after you moved it. If you dont turn it back over, all the sea animals under it or clinging to the underside will die. The passage implies that rocks ________. A. hurt sea animals B. protect sea animals C. wont be found on beaches D. cant be found on beaches

8 The passage suggests that when the writer moved into the apartment, it was ______. A. very clean B. just cleaned by the landlord C. tidy and comfortable D. dirty and full of insects One day a man walked a pet shop and said to the shop assistantI need two small mice and about five dozen roaches and two spiders.What do you need these things for? the shop assistant was very surprised.Wellreplied the manIm moving out of my apartment and the landlord insists that I should leave the house in exactly the same condition as I found it.

9 5. What can we know from the last paragraph? A. Mary feels pity for herself. B. Mary has recovered from her disease. C. Mary wants to help others as much as possible. D Mary determines to go back to the dance floor. Although her disease has affected her eyesight and forced her to the sidelines of the dance floor she refuses to fall into self­pity. Everybody on earth can askwhy meabout something or othershe insists. It doesnt do any good. No one is immune ( ) to heartache pain and disappointments. Sometimes we can make things better by helping others. Ive come to realize the importance of that as Ive grown up this second time. I want to speak out and be as helpful as I can be. 4

10 What can we infer from the last sentence of the text ? A. Happiness comes from peaceful life in the country B.Health is more important than money C.The harmony between man and nature is important D. Good old days will never be forgotten Then the people realized what was happening. It was the frog. They hadnt been useless.They had been doing an important job---eating insects. Now with so many frogs killed, the insects were increasing more rapidly. They were damaging the crops and spreading diseases. Now, the peaple are still poor.But in the evenings they sit in the village square and listen to sounds of insects and frogs.These sounds of the night now have a much deeper meaning. 5 topic sentence

11 : objective neutral (1)positive ( ) (2)negative (3)neutral ( ) (4)approval (5) disapproval (6) indifferent (7)sarcastic (8)critical ( ) (9)optimistic (10)pessimistic ( )

12 1. Question forms: The writers attitude toward… is______. The writer thought that______. According to the author ______. 2.

13 What is the authors attitude towards the modern technology? A. Critical B. Objective. C. Optimistic. D. Negative. There was a time when some peoples lives were devoted simply to the cultivation of the land or the care of cattle. No multi-tasking there; their lives went on at a much gentler pace, and in a familiar pattern. There is much that we might envy about a way of life like this. Yet before we do so, we must think of the hard tasks our ancestors faced; they farmed with bare hands, often lived close to hunger, and had to fashion tools from wood and stone. Modern machinery has freed people from that primitive existence. 6

14 Passage 5. Just as crying can be healthy, not cryingholding back tears of anger, pain or sufferingcan be bad for physical( ) health. Studies have shown that too much control of emotions can lead to high blood pressure, heart problems and some other illnesses. If you have a health problem, doctors will certainly not ask you to cry. But when you feel like crying, dont fight it. Its a naturaland healthyemotional response( ). 2 According to the author, which of the following statements is true? A. Crying is the best way to get help from others. B. Fighting back tears may cause some health problems. C. We will never know our deep feelings unless we cry. D. We must cry if we want to reduce pressure.

15 Passage6. Around the world more and more people are taking part in dangerous sports and activities. Of course, there have always been people who have looked for adventure--- those who have climbed the highest mountains, traveled into unknown parts of the world or sailed in small boats across the greatest oceans. Now, however, there are people who look for an immediate excitement from a risky activity, which may only last a few minutes or even seconds. I would consider bungee jumping to be a good example of such an activity. You jump from a high place (perhaps a bridge or a hot air balloon) 200 meters above the ground with an elastic rope tied to your ankles. You fall at up to 150 kilometers an hour until the rope stops you from hitting the ground. It is said that about 2 million people around the world have now tried bungee jumping. Other activities which most people would say as risky as bungee jumping include jumping from tall buildings and diving into the sea from the top of high cliffs.

16 Why do people take part in such activities as these? Some psychologists suggest that it is because life in modern societies has become safe and boring. Not very long ago, people's lives were constantly in danger. They had to go out and hunt for food, diseases could not easily be cured and life was a continuous battle for survival. Nowadays, according to many people, life offers little excitement. They live and work in comparatively safe conditions; they buy food in shops; and there are doctors and hospitals to look after them if they become ill. The answer for some of these people is to look for danger in activities such as bungee jumping. 5 The writer of the text has a ____ attitude towards dangerous sports. A. positive B. negative C. neutral D. nervous

17 1. Question forms: (1) A. The writers purpose of writing this passage is to _____. B. What is the purpose of writing this article? C. In writing the passage, the author intends to _____.

18 (2) A. The writer uses the example of…to show that _____. B. The writer uses the two questions at the beginning of the passage to _____. C. …are mentioned in the first paragraph to _____.

19 2., (1) to entertain readers (2) to persuade readers (3) to inform readers to make people laugh; to tell an interesting experience to sell a product or a service; to attract more visitors / readers / audience.

20 3. (1) (2)

21 Passage7. Have you ever been out on a boat and felt it lifted up by a wave? Or have you jumped in the water and felt the rush of energy as waves came over you? asked Jamie Taylor of the Wave Energy Group at the University of Edinburgh. There is certainly a lot of energy in waves, he said. 1.5 The writer uses the two questions at the beginning of the passage to ______. A. test the readers knowledge about waves B. draw the readers attention to the topic C. show Jamie Taylors importance D. invite the readers to answer them

22 The Cost of Higher Education Many people believe that higher education should be free because it is good for the economy ( ). Many graduates clearly do contribute to national wealth, but so do all the businesses that invest ( )and create jobs. If you believe that the government should pay for higher education because graduates are economically productive, you should also believe that the government should pay part of business costs. Anyone promising to create jobs should receive a gift of capital from the government to invest. Therefore, it is the individual, not the government, who should pay for their university education. The author mentions businesses in Paragraph 5 in order to ________. A argue against free university education B call on them to finance students studies C encourage graduates to go into business D show their contribution to higher education 8

23 Passage8 A young man from a village called Nawalapitiya married a young woman from Maliyuwa, a nearby village. They lived with the man's big family-his parents, his brothers, their wives and children. The family kept an elephant, in which the young woman soon took a great interest. Every day she fed it with fruit and sugar. Three months later the woman went back to her parents' home, having quarreled with her husband. Soon the elephant refused to eat or work. It appeared to be ill and heart-broken. One morning after several weeks the animal disappeared from the house. It went to the woman's home. On seeing her, the elephant waved its trunk and touched her with it. The young woman was so moved by the act of the animal that she returned to her husband's home. 3 The writer wrote the story in order to________. A. show that elephants are very clever B. tell how a woman trained a wild animal C. show that women care more for animals than men do D. tell how an animal reunited a husband and wife

24 1. Question forms: The passage is most likely to be taken from______. Where would this passage most probably appear? The passage is most likely a part of ___. 2. (1) (2) (3)

25 Passage9 Do you always understand the directions on a bottle of medicine? Do you know what is meant by Take only as directed? Read the following directions and see if you understand them. To reduce pain, take two tablets( ) with water, followed by one tablet every eight hours, as required. For night-time and early morning relief ( ) take two tablets at bedtime. Do not take more than six tablets in twenty-four hours. For children six to twelve years old, give half the amount ( ). For children under six years old, ask your doctors advice. Reduce the amount if you suffer from restlessness or sleeplessness after taking the medicine. This text is most probably taken from a ______. 2 A. textbook B. newsreel C. doctors notebook D. bottle of medicine

26 Passage10 More than 30,000 drivers and front seat passengers are killed or seriously injured each year. At a speed of only 30 miles per hour it is the same as falling from a third floor window. Wearing a seat belt saves lives; it reduces your chance of death or serious injury by more than half. Therefore drivers or front seat passengers over 14 in most vehicles must wear a seat belt. If you do not, you could be fined up to $ 50. It will not be up to the drivers to make sure you wear your belt. But it will be the driver's responsibility to make sure that children under 14 do not ride in the front unless they are wearing seat belt of some kind. However, you do not have to wear a seat belt if you are reversing your vehicle or you are making a local delivery or collection using a special vehicle; or if you have a valid medical certificate which excuses you from wearing it. Make sure these circumstances apply to you before you decide not to wear your seat belt. Remember you may be taken to court for not doing so, and you may be fined if you cannot prove to the court that you have been excused from wearing it. 3 This text is taken from _____. A. a medical magazine B. a police report C. an advertisement D. a government information booklet More than 30,000… are killed or seriously injured each year. you could be fined up to $ 50 Remember you may be taken to court… you may be fined … a police report

27 Dont wander aimlessly through life. Get confused on your goals, start helping others in need, and live life to the fullest! Life is too short to be anything but happy. Visit my blog and find what youve been missing. Sigh up for my newsletter and get seven free ebooks, too! Read hundreds of articles while youre there in the article section, which is updated daily. This text must be taken from ___________ A a radio program B. a website C. a newspaper D. a TV program 9

28 2. 1.Question forms: The next paragraph would most probably deal with _______ The paragraph preceding this one would most likely discuss ______.

29 Passage 11 When early humans hunted and gathered food, they were not in control of their environment. They could only interact with their surroundings as lower organisms did. When humans learned to make fire, however, they became capable of altering their environment. To provide themselves with fuel they stripped bark from trees, causing the trees to die. Clearings were burned in forests to increase the growth of grass and to provide a greater grazing area for the wild animals that humans fed upon. This development led to farming and the domestication of animals. Fire also provided the means for cooking plants which had previously been inedible. Only when the process of meeting the basic need for food reached a certain level of sophistication was it possible for humans to follow other pursuits such as the founding of cities. 3 The paragraph following this passage would most likely be about ____________. A. fire B. hunting C. farming D. urbanization

30 1., 2.,

31 3. 4.,

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