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Gallbladder & bile duct Carcinoma Dr. m. h.khosravi.

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Presentation on theme: "Gallbladder & bile duct Carcinoma Dr. m. h.khosravi."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gallbladder & bile duct Carcinoma Dr. m. h.khosravi

2 Incidence 2 – 4 % of all GI tumor F/M : 2-3 / 1 0/4 % in random autopsy 1% incidentally in cholecystectomy Carcinoma of the Gall bladder

3 Etiology 90% have gall stones Polypoid lesions, particulary larger than 10 mm Porcelain gallbladder Choledochal cysts

4 Pathology Adenocarcinomas is 80-90% histologic subtypes are papillary, nodular, and tubular. Cancer spreads through the lymphatics, venous drainage, and with direct invasion

5 Clinical Manifestations abdominal discomfort, right upper quadrant pain, nausea, and vomiting. less common: Jaundice, weight loss, anorexia, ascites, and abdominal mass

6 Diagnosis Ultrasonography CT scan ERC PTC MRCP


8 Treatment Surgery is the only curative option Tumors limited to the muscular layer (T1) need simple cholecystectomy

9 tumor invades the perimuscular connective tissue without extension beyond the serosa or into the liver (T2 tumors)need extended cholecystectomyThat includes resection of liver segments IVB and V, and lymphadenectomy of the cystic duct, and pericholedochal,portal, right celiac, and posterior pancreatoduodenal lymph node

10 tumors that grow beyond the serosa or invade the liver or other organs (T3 and T4 tumors),need extended right hepatectomy (segments IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII)

11 Prognosis 5-year survival rate of all patients is less 5% median survival is 6 months. median survival in distant metastasis is only 1 to 3 months.

12 Bile Duct Carcinoma Incidence autopsy incidence is about 0.3% overall incidence of is about 1.0 per 100,000 people per year M/F : 1.3 /1

13 Etiology Primary sclerosing cholangitis choledochal cysts ulcerative colitis hepatolithiasis biliary-enteric anastomosis infection with Clonorchis or in chronic typhoid carriers.

14 Pathology Adenocarcinomas is Over 95% Anatomically divided into distal, proximal, or perihilar tumors. Bismuth-Corlette classification


16 Clinical Manifestations Painless jaundice Pruritus, mild right upper quadrant pain, anorexia, fatigue, weight loss

17 Diagnosis ultrasound CT scan Cholangiography( PTC, ERC ) celiac angiography MRI

18 Treatment Surgical excision is the only potentially curative treatment unresectable perihilar cholangiocarcinoma need Roux-en- Y cholangiojejunostomy to segment II or III bile ducts or to the right hepatic duct

19 Perihilar tumors involving the bifurcation or proximal common hepatic duct (Bismuth- Corlette type I or II) need local tumor excision with portal lymphadenectomy cholecystectomy, common bile duct excision, and bilateral Roux-en- Y hepaticojejunostomies.

20 tumor involves the right or left hepatic duct (Bismuth-Corlette type lIIa or lIIb)need right or left hepatic lobectomy, Distal resectable tumor need pancreatoduodenectomy (Whipple procedure).

21 Distal unresectable tumor need Roux-en- Y hepaticojejunostomy,cholecystectomy, and gastrojejunostomy unresectable tumor on diagnostic evaluation need stent

22 Prognosis median survival in Patients with unresectable tumor is between 5 and 8 months. 5-year survival rate in resectable perihilar tumor is 10 and 30%. operative mortality is 6-8%.

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