3 重点短语 1,靠近,邻近 2,赢得尊重 3,得高分 4,听起来像 5,免费 6,在…结束时 7,例如 8,逐字地 9,平均 10,根据 next to1,靠近,邻近2,赢得尊重3,得高分4,听起来像5,免费6,在…结束时7,例如8,逐字地9,平均10,根据earn respect fromachieve high gradessound likefor freeat the end offor exampleword by wordon averageaccording to
4 重点短语 11,可用于…, 对…有用 12, 获奖 13,培养…的兴趣 14,提到,涉及,查阅 15,带回 16,省略,忽略 17,把…捐给 18,发表演说19,错过机会20,给…发送信息be available forwin an awarddevelop an interestrefer tobring backleave outdonate …tomake a speechmiss the chancegive a messages to sb
5 重点短语 21,通知某人某事 22,继续存在,靠…生存 23,读出(声)来 24,偶遇某人 25,对…负责 26,以…为基础 27,由…组成 inform sb of sthlive onread outmeet up with sb/come across/run into sbbe responsible forbe based on/uponconsist of
7 develop an interest in… at ease withearn respectfor freeUpon arriving…develop an interest in…Dexter liked the picture editor and felt____________ him.After he retired, he ____________________collecting stamps.3. He is so kind that he offered to do the work___________.4. Our headteacher is hardworking and open-minded, sohe ____________________.5. _______________ there, the soldiers began to save thevictims buried under the ruins.at ease withdeveloped an interestfor freeearns our respectUpon arriving
9 Practice:用所给词的适当形式填空 The professor who is giving a lecture on outer space now ______ often ____________ (listen to) make speeches on TV.2. I am sorry, but we don’t seem to ___________ ___________(introduce) to each other before.3. Much attention should be paid _____________ (protect) the wild animals as many of them are dying out.4. The paintings ________ (donate) to the school ___ now _______________ (display) in the assembly hall.is listened to tohave beenintroducedto protectingdonatedis being displayed
10 Not having experienced 5. ______________________ (not experience)failures so far, the girl cannot imagine howhard life sometimes can be.6. My uncle sent me an , ____________(encourage) me to learn English well.7. Arguing with such a person means __________(waste) your time.8. When the earthquake happened, it soundedlike a train ________ (go) under the ground.9. ____________ (run) the company for tenyears, she accumulated a lot of experiencein management.Not having experiencedencouragingwastinggoingHaving run
11 Multiple choices:He told us that the best way to earn respect from theschool was to work hard and ______ high grades.A. acquire B. win C. achieve D. makeachieve : to successfully complete something orget a good result, especially by working hard.
12 2. I found the homework was not as heavy as what I used to get in my old school, but it was a bit_____ for me at first because all homework wasin English.A. boring B. amusingC. shocking D. challenging3. Students at that school have to sutdy Maths,English and Science, but can ____ somesubjects if they don’t like them.A. prevent B. resistC. fall D. drop
13 4. The radio club in our school is great because it is ____ by the students for the school.A. organized B. runC. prepared D. joined5. When I asked the headmaster if muxic could be playedduring break time, he ____ my idea and two years laterI am the oldest student member of the radio club.A. approved B. agreed C. allowed D. proved
15 1．Going to a British high school for one year was a very enjoyable and exciting experience for me. Going 为动词-ing形式作主语.Practice:1．没有理解的情况下阅读是没有意义的。2．认真听讲并且及时复习是提高学习最好的方法。Reading without understanding makes no sense.Listening carefully in class and reviewing in timeis the best way to improve your studies.
16 2. I do like eating desserts after meals as you mentioned in your articles.as 此处引导方式状语从句, “如……一样”。Practice:1. 我们正如我们所预料地及时完成了工作。2．我们最好还是把一切保持原样到警察赶到。We finished the work in time as we had expected.We'd better leave things as they are untilthe police arrive.
17 3. Upon finishing his studies, he started travelling in China. Upon此处作介词，可与on替换，后接名词或动名词，与as soon as 意思接近。Practice:一到那儿，他们就开始营救困在废墟中的人们。2． 一听到这个消息，人们便举起酒杯开始互相敬酒。On arriving there, they got down to rescuingthe people trapped in the ruins.On hearing the news, people held up glasses andbegan to cheer each other.
18 The more choices you have, the better your final decision will be. The+比较级…, the+比较级…, 表示 “越……，就越……”.Practice:1. 他们爬地越高，空气越稀薄。2. 他越说越激动。The higher they climbed, the thinner the air was.The more he talked, the more excited he became.
20 1. Who is the teacher that teaches you English? 定语从句中的细节规则：1. Who is the teacher that teaches you English?2. Which is the book that you borrowed fromthe library?This is the most interesting story that I haveever read.2. Do you still remember the first day that wespent together?3. I’ve read all the books that you lent me.4. This is the very book that I’m looking for.He told me about all the people and things thathe had met on the way.
21 He is not the man that he used to be. He is one of the students who have been toAmerica in our class.2. He is the only one of the students who hasbeen to America in our class.实战练习：1. The English play _____ my students acted atthe New Year’s party was a great success.A. for which B. at whichC. in which D. on which
22 2. Alex asked the policeman _____ he worked to contact him whenever there was an accident.A. with him B. whoC. with whom D. whom3. He was not the man _____ he was before.A. what B. that C. who D. as4. Do you still remember the days ____ we spenttogether in the country?A. what B. which C. when D. where
23 5. Anyway, that evening, ____ I’ll tell you more about later, I ended up staying at Rachel’s place.A. when B. where C. what D. which6. I work in a business _____ almost everyone iswaiting for a great chance.A. how B. which C. where D. that7. What surprised me was not what he said but_____ he said it.A. the way B. in the way thatC. in the way D. in way which
24 8. Luckily, we’d brought a road map without ____ we would have lost our way.A. it B. that C. this D. which9. She is no longer the sweet little girl _____ sheused to be.A. what B. who C. when D. thatYou should say sorry to Bob.---Yes, I regret _____ with him.A. to quarrel B. quarrellingC. quarrelled D. have quarrelled
25 用关系代词填空:All ______ is needed is your hard work.In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person to _______she could turn for help.Is there anything else ______ you require?Is this the reason _______ he gave for being late?That is the very person ________ is known to all.The house ________ roof was damaged has now beenrepaired.Is there anything ________ belongs to you here?He often helps the students ________ he thinks are notgood at their lessons.